Orchids in Red Lake and Clearwater counties, Minnesota
While conducting field surveys on the Red Lake Reservation Jason Johnson and Mike Lee found over twenty-five Ram's-head orchids (Cypripedium arietinum). The Ram's-heads were found along a nearly one mile survey transect that traversed through cedar, tamarack and black spruce forest. Also in flower and found on the transect were moccasin flower (Cypripedium acaule) and arctic blackberry (Rubus arcticus). The following day, a population of over 100 individual Arethusa bulbosa were surveyed in a tamarack dominated rich fen in central Clearwater County. The dragon's mouths were growing on hummocks of Sphagnum and often amongst Hudson bay bulrush (Trichophorum alpinum).