Observed Canadian fire danger indexes

Updated 13:00 2015-06-30

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 73 60 0.0 3 86.2 46.1 325.2 3.2 68.1 11.1
Badoura 74 52 0.0 3 87.7 41.3 182.0 4.0 52.7 11.3
Baudette 72 51 0.0 3 85.9 16.9 97.4 3.0 23.6 5.5
Bemidji 72 56 0.0 7 88.4 26.0 117.7 6.0 33.5 12.3
Bigstone 70 75 0.0 5 84.9 33.3 282.6 3.1 51.4 9.2
Brainerd 76 45 0.0 5 87.8 49.2 203.9 4.7 61.4 14.2
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 78 47 0.0 4 88.4 38.1 184.7 4.7 50.3 12.8
Carlos Avery 74 60 0.6 5 56.1 8.5 132.6 0.5 14.6 0.3
Cass Lake 72 57 0.0 3 88.0 25.7 100.2 4.1 31.3 8.7
Cutfoot 74 54 0.0 2 87.0 23.1 115.3 3.3 30.7 7.0
Detroit Lakes 75 50 0.0 6 87.1 30.8 231.8 4.6 46.2 11.9
Effie 70 48 0.0 3 88.1 58.7 232.6 4.2 72.0 14.2
Ely 66 49 0.0 5 78.0 23.7 153.8 1.4 34.2 3.1
Fernberg 67 47 0.01 4 85.7 24.0 121.0 3.2 32.1 7.0
Grand Portage 62 45 0.08 5 64.1 10.9 87.4 0.8 16.6 0.6
Hibbing 68 54 0.0 6 78.4 11.8 163.1 1.6 19.9 2.3
Hill City 71 58 0.0 4 83.8 16.5 161.5 2.5 26.3 4.8
Isabella 66 43 0.0 4 83.8 24.3 103.5 2.5 30.6 5.3
Itasca 74 56 0.0 4 86.4 33.1 177.9 3.5 45.2 9.4
Kelliher 72 54 0.0 4 86.2 22.1 201.5 3.5 34.7 7.9
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 72 66 0.0 3 85.8 49.5 274.7 3.0 68.2 10.6
Litchfield 76 53 0.0 6 86.5 19.0 147.1 4.2 28.7 8.4
Littlefork 71 50 0.0 4 85.3 14.3 88.9 3.0 20.4 5.0
Meander USFS 67 48 0.07 2 66.4 10.2 102.6 0.7 16.3 0.5
MN Valley 75 59 0.0 6 83.5 11.1 121.7 2.8 18.1 4.2
Moose Lake 68 61 1.01 6 50.0 8.1 159.7 0.3 14.3 0.2
Mora 74 58 0.53 5 56.9 11.3 168.4 0.5 19.3 0.4
Orr 70 52 0.0 3 75.8 11.8 152.1 1.0 19.8 0.9
Redstn 76 73 0.0 3 85.8 27.8 116.1 3.0 34.8 6.9
Rice Lake 73 56 0.0 3 79.5 23.3 171.3 1.4 34.7 3.1
Roseau 73 56 0.0 6 88.5 70.3 294.2 5.6 88.0 19.8
Saginaw 66 65 0.0 3 80.6 19.4 168.5 1.5 30.2 3.1
Seagull Lake 65 49 0.24 5 63.2 15.6 146.7 0.7 24.7 0.8
Sherburne 75 57 0.18 3 67.5 27.6 145.1 0.7 37.5 1.1
Skibo 69 48 0.0 4 73.2 12.5 130.0 1.0 20.1 0.9
St. Croix 72 59 0.42 4 57.8 19.5 143.4 0.5 29.1 0.6
Superior #2 68 46 0.0 3 74.4 13.3 111.0 0.9 20.5 0.9
Voyageurs/Kabnam 68 53 0.0 3 72.2 9.1 70.1 0.9 13.8 0.6

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.