Observed Canadian fire danger indexes

Updated 12:00 2015-03-03

Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Agassiz 12 53 0.0 16 81.9 13.9 311.6 5.2 25.0 9.2
Badoura 18 55 0.0 15 84.7 9.2 393.1 6.8 17.4 9.6
Baudette 15 53 0.0 11 83.9 0.1 161.3 4.4 0.2 1.0
Bemidji 15 52 0.0 19 84.3 10.6 297.8 9.0 19.5 12.7
Bigstone 16 74 0.0 26 82.0 14.0 284.9 11.8 24.9 17.7
Brainerd 23 67 0.0 15 83.5 2.3 155.7 5.8 4.4 4.2
Camp Ripley/Little Falls 24 68 0.0 10 83.1 1.4 156.4 3.7 2.7 1.8
Carlos Avery 28 78 0.0 10 82.6 5.8 245.2 3.5 11.0 3.9
Cass Lake 19 51 0.08 10 66.3 7.1 385.6 1.2 13.5 0.9
Cutfoot 21 58 0.03 4 79.1 0.1 303.7 1.4 0.2 0.3
Detroit Lakes 12 76 0.0 19 81.8 14.2 363.1 6.5 25.9 11.3
Effie 18 72 0.0 17 82.3 4.6 301.7 5.8 8.9 5.9
Ely 25 83 0.04 9 75.0 2.0 274.9 1.6 3.9 0.6
Fernberg 25 85 0.0 6 82.0 0.0 236.7 2.3 0.0 0.5
Grand Portage 23 10 0.02 9 90.7 0.0 115.2 9.9 0.0 3.5
Hibbing 23 78 0.0 13 81.8 0.2 240.8 4.0 0.4 0.9
Hill City 27 59 0.0 6 85.0 0.8 233.5 3.4 1.6 1.0
Isabella 21 84 0.01 4 82.3 0.0 176.3 2.0 0.0 0.4
Itasca 16 54 0.0 12 84.5 26.4 404.7 5.2 45.4 13.0
Kelliher 17 47 0.0 12 83.7 3.1 227.0 4.7 6.0 3.9
Station °F RH P24I Wind FFMC DMC DC ISI BUI FWI
Kittson 11 57 0.0 16 81.9 15.0 325.7 5.2 26.9 9.6
Litchfield 24 79 0.0 24 81.2 3.4 263.9 9.1 6.6 7.8
Littlefork 17 48 0.0 17 85.0 0.1 248.8 8.3 0.2 3.1
Meander USFS 23 80 0.0 7 82.5 0.0 245.4 2.7 0.0 0.5
MN Valley 29 79 0.0 12 81.8 44.7 252.1 3.7 61.9 11.7
Moose Lake 26 80 0.0 12 82.3 0.6 173.8 3.9 1.2 1.3
Mora 27 81 0.0 11 81.9 1.5 109.7 3.4 2.9 1.7
Orr 18 76 0.0 16 82.4 0.1 321.2 5.5 0.2 1.7
Redstn 20 78 0.07 20 64.9 5.5 309.9 2.7 10.5 2.7
Rice Lake 25 88 0.0 0 81.9 0.5 104.9 1.4 1.0 0.4
Roseau 11 54 0.0 17 82.6 9.2 342.0 6.1 17.2 8.7
Saginaw 25 82 0.0 5 82.1 0.3 140.4 2.2 0.6 0.5
Sherburne 27 74 0.0 17 82.7 3.4 223.7 6.2 6.6 5.4
St. Croix 26 78 0.0 7 83.0 0.9 69.6 2.8 1.7 0.8
Voyageurs/Kabnam 18 76 0.0 8 82.9 0.0 164.9 3.0 0.0 0.6

Interpretation

The following chart is a statewide generalized fire danger rating chart for the Canadian Fire Weather Index. It is based on a five class danger rating system, i.e., low, moderate, high, very high , and extreme. The distribution is based on weather records from 1985 - 1998. Low days occurred 45% to 50% of the time, moderate - 30 %, high days - 12% to 15%, very high days occurred 7%-8% of the time, and extreme days were 2%-3%. This is not meant to be used as a staffing guide . Each area needs to look at its own weather data coupled with its fire occurrence data. For instance, if you have a drought code of 380, it does not mean you are in extreme fire danger. It means that the drought code only gets that high on 2% of the days between April 1 and November 1.

Index Low Moderate High Very High Extreme

FFMC

0.0 - 80.9

81.0 - 87.9

88.0 - 90.4

90.5 - 92.4

92.5+

DMC

0.0 - 12.9

13.0 - 27.9

28.0 - 41.9

42.0 - 62.9

63.0+

DC

0.0 - 79.9

80.0 - 209.9

210.0 - 273.9

274.0 - 359.9

360.0+

ISI

0.0 - 3.9

4.0 - 7.9

8.0 - 10.9

11.0 - 18.9

19.0+

BUI

0.0 - 18.9

19.0 - 33.9

34.0 - 53.9

54.0 - 76.9

77.0+

FWI

0.0 - 4.9

5.0 - 13.9

14.0 - 20.9

21.0 - 32.9

33.0+

Definitions

Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC)

This provides a relative indicator of the moisture in the fine fuels. Like the 1 hour fuel moisture, it reacts directly with the air temperature and relative humidity.

Duff Moisture Code (DMC)

This is an index of the moisture of the loosely compact organic layers at a depth of 2-4 inches.

Drought Code (DC)

This measures long term dryness in the fuels. It is a longer term index than the NFDRS 1000 fuel moisture. It doesn't reflect the probability of fire occurrence by itself, but can be useful in predicting the level of mop up needed and the consumption of large fuels. It should be looked at in relation to peat fire starts.

Initial Spread Index (ISI)

This is based on the FFMC and the wind speed. It provides a relative numerical rating of the expected rate of spread. This is similar to the NFDRS Spread Component.

Buildup Index (BUI)

This index is based on the DC and the DMC. It provides a relative indication of the amount of fuel available for combustion. This is somewhat similar to the NFDRS Energy Release Component. It doesn't predict what a given day might be like, but does relate well to the dryness of the fuels.

Fire Weather Index (FWI)

This combines the BUI and the ISI to give a relative numerical rating of fire intensity. It can be compared to the NFDRS Burning Index.