Selected species for evergreen shaded gardens

Always check the scientific name of a plant. A plant may have more than one common name or the same common name may refer to more than one plant.


Scientific name

Common name (flower color)

Recommended Space Between Plants

Overstory Trees

Picea glauca

White Spruce

15 feet

Pinus strobus

Eastern White Pine

15 feet

Thuja occidentalis

White Cedar or American Arborvitae

10 feet


Tall (average mature height over 15 feet)

Amelanchier laevis

Allegheny Serviceberry

10 feet

Viburnum lentago


15 feet

Medium (average mature height: 6-15 feet) 

Amelanchier alnifolia

Regent Serviceberry

5 feet

Cornus sericea

Isanti Dogwood

10 feet

Ilex verticillata


5 feet

Viburnum rafinesquianum


5-10 feet

Low (average mature height: 2-5 feet)

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi


11/2 feet

Diervilla lonicera

Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle

5 feet

Symphoricarpos albus

White Snowberry

3 feet

Vaccinium angustifolium


3 feet

Perennial Flowers

Tall (most plants are 3-5 feet)

Aster cordifolius

Heart-leaved Aster (blue)

12 inches

Matteccuia struthiopteris

Ostrich Fern

24 inches

Polygonatum biflorum

Solomon's Seal (white)

12 inches

Medium (most plants are 2-4 feet)

Athyrium angustrum

Lady Fern

24 inches

Adiantum pedatum

Maidenhair Fern

12 inches

Low (most plants are under 1 foot)

Gaultheria procumbens


6 inches

Maianthemum canadense

False Lily-of-the-Valley

6 inches

Grass-like Plants


Carex pennsylvanica

Pennsylvania Sedge

12 inches


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