Selected species for suburban gardens

Always check the scientific name of a plant. A plant may have more than one common name or the same common name mayrefer to more than one plant.

Scientific name

Common name (flower color)

Recommended Space Between Plants

Large trees ? Bare in winter

Quercus ellipsoidalis

Northern Pin Oak

20 feet

Quercus macrocarpa

Bur Oak

20 feet


Tall (average mature height greater than 15 feet)

Amelanchier laevis

Allegheny Clump Serviceberry or Juneberry

10 feet

Viburnum lentago


15 feet

Medium (average mature height: 6-15 feet)

Corylus americana


5-10 feet

Viburnum trilobum

American Highbush Cranberry

10 feet

Amelanchier alnifolia

Regent Serviceberry

5 feet

Cornus racemosa

Gray Dogwood

5 feet

Low (average mature height 5 feet and under)

Ceanothus americanus

New Jersey Tea

2 feet

Diervilla lonicera

Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle

5 feet

Amorpha canescens


11/2 feet

Perennial Flowers

Tall (most plants are 3-5 feet)

Echinacea angustifolia

Purple Coneflower (purple)

24 inches

Liatris aspera

Rough Blazingstar (purple)

6 inches

Liatris pycnostachya

Prairie Blazingstar (purple)

6 inches

Silphium perfoliatum

Cup Plant (yellow)

24-36 inches

Solidago speciosa

Showy Goldenrod (yellow)

12 inches

Aster novae-angliae

New England Aster (purple)

24-36 inches

Aster cordifolius

Heart-leaved Aster, blue

12 inches

Asclepias incarnata

Swamp Milkweed, pink

18 inches

Aster puniceus

Purple-stemmed Aster, light blue

18 inches

Lobelia cardinalis

Cardinal Flower, red

12 inches

Medium (most plants are 2-3 feet)

Asclepias tuberosa

Butterfly Flower (orange)

12 inches

Aster oolentangiensis

Sky Blue Aster or Azure Aster (blue)

24 inches

Aster sericeus

Silky Aster (purple)

12 inches

Chamaecrista fasciculata

Partridge Pea (yellow - annual plant that reseeds)

12 inches

Liatris punctata

Dotted Blazingstar (lavender)

12 inches

Penstemon grandiflorus

Showy Penstemon (pink)

18 inches

Zizia aurea

Golden Alexander (yellow)

18 inches

Lobelia siphilitica

Great Blue Lobelia (blue)

12 inches

Adiantum pedatum

Maidenhair Fern

12 inches

Aquilegia candadensis

Columbine, red-orange

12 inches

Aster macrophyllus

Large-leaved Aster, white

24 inches

Athyrium angustum

Lady Fern

24 inches

Geranium maculatum

Wild Geranium, pink

12 inches

Iris versicolor

Blueflag Iris, blue

12 inches

Lilium michiganese

Turk's Cap Lilly or Michigan Lily, orange

12 inches

Low (most plants are 6 inches to 1 foot)

Rudbeckia hirta

Black-eyed Susan (yellow)

24 inches

Antennaria neglecta

Pussytoes (white)

6 inches

Campanula rotundifolia

Harebells (blue)

6-12 inches

Geum triflorum

Prairie Smoke (pink to red)

9-12 inches

Grass-like Plants

Tall (most plants are 3-6 feet)

Panicum virgatum


24-36 inches

Andropogon gerardi

Big Bluestem

24 inches

Sorghastrum nutans


24 inches

Spartina pectinata

Prairie Cordgrass

24-36 inches

Medium (most plants are 2-4 feet)

Bouteloua curtipendula

Sideoats Grama

12 inches

Sporobolus heterolepis

Northern Dropseed

12 inches

Schizachyrium scoparium

Little Bluestem

18 inches

Short (most plants are 6 inches to 2 feet)

Koeleria macrantha


12 inches

Juncus tenuis

Path Rush

6-12 inches

Carex pennsylvanica

Pennsylvania Sedge

12 inches


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