Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Sallie

Nearest Town: Detroit Lakes
Primary County: Becker
Survey Date: 07/13/2009
Inventory Number: 03035900
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Township Earthen Commons access on south shore- appro. 100 yd west of outlet.
DNR Concrete NE shore of lake. Double ramp with dock.


Fishing Regulations:

Special and/or Experimental Fishing Regulations exist on this lake. Please refer to our online Minnesota Fishing Regulations.

Fish Health:

Disease:Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS)Date Tested:4/20/2010Result:Negative
Source: UMN

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 1272.88
Littoral Area (acres): 577
Maximum Depth (ft): 50
Water Clarity (ft): 4.5

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? The state operates 17 hatcheries: 5 for trout and salmon and 12 for coolwater species.

Fish Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.08 0.3 - 2.6 0.68 0.5 - 0.9
Gill net 1.25 0.6 - 6.8 1.18 0.5 - 1.0
Black Crappie Trap net 0.08 0.4 - 2.3 0.93 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 0.33 0.4 - 2.7 1.01 0.3 - 0.6
Bluegill Trap net 12.50 4.4 - 49.0 0.25 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 15.58 N/A 0.29 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.33 0.3 - 1.1 4.39 3.7 - 5.1
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.58 0.3 - 1.6 1.56 0.7 - 1.1
Gill net 5.08 0.3 - 1.8 1.63 0.7 - 1.2
Green Sunfish Trap net 0.08 0.2 - 1.0 0.05 0.1 - 0.2
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 2.58 N/A 0.30 N/A
Gill net 0.83 N/A 0.31 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.92 0.3 - 1.3 1.52 0.2 - 0.8
Gill net 1.00 0.3 - 1.4 1.59 0.5 - 1.2
Muskellunge Gill net 0.08 0.1 - 0.2 4.63 2.5 - 7.5
Northern Pike Trap net 0.58 N/A 4.01 N/A
Gill net 5.92 2.8 - 9.0 5.35 1.6 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 0.25 1.8 - 7.8 0.13 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 0.92 N/A 0.21 N/A
Rock Bass Gill net 0.25 0.6 - 3.9 0.71 0.3 - 0.5
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 5.33 0.8 - 6.2 1.37 0.6 - 1.4
Walleye Trap net 0.08 0.2 - 0.8 4.19 1.0 - 2.7
Gill net 9.33 3.3 - 8.8 1.79 1.2 - 2.1
White Sucker Trap net 0.33 0.2 - 1.1 3.74 1.8 - 3.0
Gill net 3.17 0.9 - 4.0 2.06 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 3.08 1.2 - 5.2 0.86 0.6 - 0.9
Gill net 5.75 1.2 - 10.9 0.86 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.42 0.6 - 3.5 0.09 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 23.33 7.0 - 46.3 0.11 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 0 10 6 0 0 0 0 16
black crappie 0 0 3 2 0 0 0 0 5
bluegill 75 256 0 0 0 0 0 0 337
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 4
brown bullhead 0 0 0 48 20 0 0 0 68
green sunfish 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
hybrid sunfish 8 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 41
largemouth bass 0 1 3 12 7 0 0 0 23
muskellunge 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1
northern pike 0 0 0 0 1 7 29 38 78
pumpkinseed 7 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 14
rock bass 0 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 3
tullibee (cisco) 0 7 2 17 37 0 0 0 64
walleye 0 5 15 50 9 20 12 0 113
white sucker 0 4 1 6 27 4 0 0 42
yellow bullhead 0 4 71 31 0 0 0 0 106
yellow perch 123 159 0 0 0 0 0 0 285


For the record, the largest Green Sunfish taken in Minnesota weighed 1 lb., 4.8 oz. and was caught:

    Where: North Arbor Lake, Hennepin County
    When: 6/14/05.
    Statistics: 10.25" length, 110.625" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fry 5,250,000 45.0
  Walleye fingerlings 21,215 667.0
2012 Walleye fry 4,500,000 39.9
2011 Walleye fingerlings 23,936 577.0
  Walleye fry 2,900,000 25.7
2010 Walleye adults 78 53.0
  Walleye fingerlings 8,347 534.0
  Walleye fry 2,500,000 22.3
  Walleye yearlings 65 35.0
2009 Walleye fingerlings 250 19.0
  Walleye* fingerlings 7,333 291.0
  Walleye fry 6,900,000 62.8
  Walleye yearlings 1,001 267.0
2008 Walleye adults 3 6.0
  Walleye fingerlings 11,623 552.0
  Walleye fry 3,900,000 35.4
  Walleye yearlings 69 19.0
2007 Walleye yearlings 183 76.0
  Walleye fry 3,300,000 30.3
  Walleye fingerlings 5,376 481.0
  Walleye adults 14 20.0
2006 Walleye yearlings 787 377.0
  Walleye fry 4,250,000 38.6
  Walleye fingerlings 4,330 223.0
2005 Walleye fry 4,000,000 36.4
  Walleye yearlings 553 211.0
  Walleye fingerlings 4,330 356.0
  Walleye adults 12 10.0
2004 Walleye yearlings 1,027 259.0
  Walleye fry 3,000,000 27.3
  Walleye fingerlings 12,923 603.0
  Walleye adults 2 5.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
SALLIE
Becker Co., 03035900
Largemouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike     All sizes   Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker   All sizes     Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
SALLIE
Becker Co., 03035900
Largemouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/13/2009)

Factors affecting the fish community in Lake Sallie include water quality, weather, fishing pressure, stocking, and fishing regulations. Improvements in water quality over the past couple of decades have likely been a major factor in the reestablishment of tullibee and the decline in numbers of black bullhead and black crappie. Recent high water levels have made more northern pike spawning habitat available than would have been with lower water levels.

Test net catches of walleye increased from a relatively low level of 4.3 per net in 2004 to a more typical 9.3 walleyes per net in 2009. A strong 2004 year class was found and all but one of the past 12 year classes were represented in the sample. The average size of sampled walleye was 15.9 inches in length and 1.8 pounds.

Northern pike 24 inches or greater in length have been protected from harvest by an experimental regulation since 1996. This regulation was intended to allow more pike to survive to larger sizes and to reduce the number of small pike. Thirteen years after the beginning of the regulation, both of those expectations appear to have been met. The number of pike larger than 24 inches was 5.4 per test net in 2009. In six surveys before the regulation started, the average number of pike over 24 inches was 1.0 per net and the number never exceeded 2.0 per net. Also, the average length of sampled pike before the regulation was 20.6 inches while the average length of pike sampled in 2009 was 29.5 inches. Northern pike catch rates have declined during the past five years and the portion of small pike in the catch has never been as low as it was in 2009, when just 6% of northern pike sampled were less than 24 inches long. Before the regulation, small pike averaged 80% of the population sample in Lake Sallie. This may indicate that large pike have begun to act as a control on the numbers of small pike in the lake. A single muskellunge was sampled for the first time during the 2009 survey and there is evidence that a fishable population exists, thus the immigrant muskellunge may also be helping to keep the numbers of small pike lower.

Other fish species sampled in 2009 included tullibee (cisco) which are a biological indicator of improved water quality in the lake. Lake Sallie was reported to be regularly targeted for tullibee netting in the 1950's and earlier years. The attached catch rate tables show that no tullibees were caught during four assessments from the 1960's through the mid 1980's. Since 1989 however, tullibees have been sampled in each of the five assessments.

The yellow perch population appears to be sustaining itself although catch rates were at the historic low in 2009. Bluegill net catches declined from the highest level ever recorded for Lake Sallie in 2004 to a more typical level. These sunfish were also somewhat larger with an average length of 6.5 inches. Approximately half the bluegills sampled were between 7.0 and 8.5 inches in length. Black crappies are present in modest numbers and they tend to be larger than 10 inches. Good numbers of largemouth bass were found.

Decisions will be made in 2010 whether to continue, modify, or drop the experimental northern pike regulation. Public input will be an important part of this process and is invited through letters, phone calls, visits, or the public hearings that will be conducted during late summer. The regulation appears to have been effective at providing larger pike and reducing smaller pike. Dropping the regulation outright would likely lead to rapid harvest of the currently protected size pike and eventual return to large numbers of small pike typical of most area lakes. Anglers must decide whether the ability to catch large pike is worth the sacrifice inherent in any special regulation.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
14583 Cty Hwy 19
Detroit Lakes, MN 56501-7121
Phone: (218) 846-8340
Internet: Detroit Lakes Fisheries
E-Mail: DetroitLakes.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0360 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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