Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Moose

Nearest Town: Pennington
Primary County: Beltrami
Survey Date: 06/13/2011
Inventory Number: 04001100
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete State owned in T. 147


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 600.71
Littoral Area (acres): 239
Maximum Depth (ft): 71
Water Clarity (ft): 16

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? The annual budget for the Section of Fisheries is approximately $17 million, which is funded primarily by fishing license and stamp fees and by a federal excise tax on fishing and boating equipment.

Fish Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Gill net 0.22 0.6 - 9.5 0.83 0.5 - 0.8
Black Crappie Trap net 3.56 0.7 - 3.2 0.56 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 0.33 0.5 - 2.7 0.47 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 35.00 5.6 - 42.3 0.27 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 6.67 N/A 0.23 N/A
Brown Bullhead Trap net 1.22 0.3 - 1.5 1.37 0.6 - 1.0
Gill net 0.22 0.3 - 2.2 1.40 0.6 - 1.0
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 2.00 N/A 0.42 N/A
Gill net 0.11 N/A 0.30 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.22 0.3 - 1.1 1.11 0.2 - 0.9
Gill net 0.89 0.3 - 1.2 1.40 0.5 - 1.1
Northern Pike Trap net 1.56 N/A 2.53 N/A
Gill net 18.56 3.1 - 8.5 1.77 1.5 - 2.7
Pumpkinseed Trap net 1.89 1.7 - 8.2 0.28 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 0.33 N/A 0.14 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 2.00 0.6 - 2.5 0.47 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 1.33 0.3 - 2.0 0.28 0.3 - 0.5
Walleye Trap net 0.11 0.2 - 0.7 5.55 0.9 - 2.9
Gill net 1.44 1.3 - 5.5 3.53 1.2 - 2.4
White Sucker Gill net 0.11 0.5 - 3.5 0.67 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 7.56 1.5 - 7.7 0.57 0.5 - 0.8
Gill net 23.89 0.9 - 10.0 0.57 0.5 - 0.7
Yellow Perch Gill net 3.00 2.5 - 24.2 0.10 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
black crappie 0 2 32 1 0 0 0 0 35
bluegill 46 320 1 0 0 0 0 0 375
brown bullhead 0 0 2 9 0 0 0 0 13
hybrid sunfish 0 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 19
largemouth bass 0 1 3 2 4 0 0 0 10
northern pike 0 0 0 17 80 61 21 1 181
pumpkinseed 5 15 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
rock bass 5 21 1 0 0 0 0 0 30
walleye 0 0 0 0 0 11 3 0 14
white sucker 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
yellow bullhead 4 53 200 22 0 0 0 0 283
yellow perch 17 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 27


For the record, the largest Freshwater Drum (Sheepshead) taken in Minnesota weighed 35 lbs., 3.2 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Mississippi River near Winona
    When: 10/5/99
    Statistics: 36" length, 31" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fingerlings 4,442 298.0
  Walleye yearlings 72 12.0
2012 Walleye yearlings 630 45.0
  Walleye fingerlings 6,440 280.0
2011 Walleye adults 42 14.0
  Walleye fingerlings 478 17.0
  Walleye fry 240,000 1.9
  Walleye fingerlings 6,340 265.0
2010 Walleye fry 242,869 2.0
2009 Walleye fry 310,800 2.6
2008 Walleye fry 240,000 2.0
2007 Walleye fry 252,430 1.9
2005 Walleye fry 240,000 2.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MOOSE
Beltrami Co., 04001100
Bluegill Sunfish   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike     All sizes   Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MOOSE
Beltrami Co., 04001100
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/13/2011)

Moose Lake (D.O.W. # 04-0011-00) is a 658-acre lake with a maximum depth of 71 feet located six miles north of Pennington in eastern Beltrami County. Moose 04-0011-00 should not be confused with the other three Moose Lakes located in Beltrami County, which do not have developed public access sites. There are a moderate number of lake homes, cabins and three resorts on Moose Lake with the remainder of the shoreline consisting of bog and wetland complexes. There is a public access consisting of a single lane concrete boat ramp with parking for about six trucks/trailers located on the east shoreline off of Damon Lake Road. The fish community of Moose Lake consists of panfish (including black crappie), walleye, northern pike, yellow perch, largemouth bass, redhorse/sucker and bullhead species. Statewide fishing regulations apply to all species.

The most notable aspect of the Moose Lake fishery at the time of this writing is the panfish population. The 2011 population assessment captured black crappie in trap nets at the rate of 3.6/TN, which is similar to the upper quartile value of 3.2/TN for lake class 25. Average size was good at 9.97 inches in length and 0.56 lbs/fish. Black crappie up to 13.1 inches in length were captured. Four consecutive year classes of black crappie were identified in the assessment, representing a diverse population with three of four year classes being sexually mature. Bluegill were captured at 35.0/TN, which is well above the median value for lake class 25. Average size of bluegill has increased from assessments conducted in 2001 and 2006 to 6.9 inches and 0.26 lbs/fish, which is equal to the upper quartile value for this lake class. A large proportion of the bluegill catch was between 7.0 and 8.0 inches in length, and these fish will grow to a quality size (8+ inches in length) within the next few years and should provide continued quality fishing opportunities for bluegill. There have been indications in past assessments of overharvest of the Moose Lake bluegill population, such as declines in average and maximum size over time. Moose Lake was known for large bluegill over much of its management history, and that potential still exists. Anglers can help improve or maintain this bluegill population by voluntarily releasing most of the large bluegill they catch and keeping more medium-size fish for the frying pan.

Moose Lake has experienced an increase in its northern pike population over the past 20 years or so. This phenomenon has occurred on many Minnesota Lakes and is a sign of overexploitation. As large northern pike are removed from a lake, the population compensates by producing more young northern pike, which leads to increased competition for forage and slower growth rates. Some research studies have shown that the presence of large northern pike in a population can control the density of that population by direct predation on smaller pike. High densities of small northern pike can impact the fish community as a whole through their predation on species such as yellow perch and walleye. This is now the case for Moose Lake, as the numbers of pike have increased, average size has decreased and populations of yellow perch and walleye are at low levels. Eventually northern pike mortality will increase and begin to moderate the high population density. Anglers can help recover this population through the selective harvest of smaller pike and by releasing medium-size pike to grow to larger sizes.

Walleye were sampled in low numbers in the 2011 assessment, but average size was impressive at 22.4 inches in length and 3.6 lbs/fish. A change in walleye stocking strategy from fry to fingerlings was implemented in 2011 to address the recent lack of recruitment from fry stocking. Hopefully this measure will begin to increase walleye abundance to levels within the historic range for Moose Lake.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
2114 Bemidji Ave
Bemidji, MN 56601
Phone: (218) 308-2339
Internet: Bemidji Fisheries
E-Mail: Bemidji.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C0062 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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