Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Madison (Waukansica)

Nearest Town: Madison Lake
Primary County: Blue Earth
Survey Date: 06/01/2011
Inventory Number: 07004400
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
City Gravel City Public Access
DNR Asphalt DNR Public Access
County Concrete Inside Bray County Park (Blue Earth County)


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 1446.16
Littoral Area (acres): 722
Maximum Depth (ft): 59
Water Clarity (ft): N/A

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Each year, the MinnAqua program teaches youth and families across Minnesota about aquatic biology, fishing, and conservation..

Fish Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Bigmouth Buffalo Trap net 0.27 0.2 - 0.8 5.41 2.5 - 5.7
Gill net 0.17 0.3 - 1.7 2.77 N/A
Black Bullhead Trap net 1.73 0.7 - 25.7 1.19 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 2.83 2.5 - 45.0 0.60 0.3 - 0.7
Black Crappie Trap net 12.09 1.8 - 21.2 0.31 0.2 - 0.3
Gill net 34.58 2.5 - 16.5 0.13 0.1 - 0.3
Bluegill Trap net 25.64 7.5 - 62.5 0.25 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 9.67 N/A 0.26 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.64 0.4 - 1.3 5.11 2.3 - 4.1
Gill net 0.17 0.2 - 0.8 4.22 2.4 - 4.2
Channel Catfish Trap net 0.09 N/A 1.20 N/A
Gill net 0.08 N/A 9.38 N/A
Common Carp Trap net 4.09 0.4 - 2.0 3.77 2.6 - 6.0
Gill net 1.83 0.3 - 3.0 3.50 1.9 - 5.2
Freshwater Drum Trap net 5.36 0.5 - 4.2 0.77 0.4 - 1.2
Gill net 40.42 4.0 - 32.3 0.55 0.3 - 1.1
Gizzard Shad Gill net 0.42 N/A 0.03 N/A
Golden Shiner Gill net 0.33 0.3 - 1.5 0.11 0.1 - 0.1
Largemouth Bass Gill net 0.25 0.3 - 0.8 1.09 0.4 - 1.0
Northern Pike Trap net 1.00 N/A 4.14 N/A
Gill net 8.33 1.5 - 7.3 1.86 2.0 - 3.5
Shortnose Gar Trap net 1.18 N/A 1.51 N/A
Gill net 0.92 N/A 1.60 N/A
Spotfin Shiner Trap net 0.09 N/A 0.00 N/A
Walleye Trap net 0.91 0.3 - 1.2 3.45 0.8 - 2.8
Gill net 10.58 1.2 - 6.3 2.37 1.2 - 2.7
White Bass Trap net 0.18 0.2 - 0.9 2.09 0.5 - 1.5
Gill net 0.58 0.3 - 3.8 1.02 N/A
White Crappie Trap net 0.36 0.5 - 6.6 0.37 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 0.92 0.7 - 10.4 0.41 0.2 - 0.3
White Sucker Trap net 0.18 0.2 - 1.0 2.93 1.6 - 2.8
Gill net 1.83 0.4 - 2.2 1.36 1.5 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 1.18 0.9 - 5.7 1.24 0.5 - 0.8
Gill net 0.17 0.5 - 7.5 0.62 0.5 - 0.8
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.27 0.3 - 1.7 0.13 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 6.42 2.0 - 27.9 0.16 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
bigmouth buffalo 2 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 5
black bullhead 3 16 15 17 2 0 0 0 53
black crappie 358 84 100 0 0 0 0 0 548
bluegill 52 342 0 0 0 0 0 0 398
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 7 2 0 9
channel catfish 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 2
common carp 0 0 0 4 43 15 4 1 67
freshwater drum 27 70 276 164 6 0 0 0 544
gizzard shad 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
golden shiner 1 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
largemouth bass 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 3
northern pike 0 0 0 3 60 33 7 7 111
shortnose gar 0 0 0 0 12 6 5 1 24
spotfin shiner 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
walleye 0 0 3 6 83 40 3 0 137
white bass 0 1 3 1 4 0 0 0 9
white crappie 1 4 9 0 0 0 0 0 15
white sucker 0 0 1 13 9 0 0 0 24
yellow bullhead 0 1 2 12 0 0 0 0 15
yellow perch 17 56 1 0 0 0 0 0 80


For the record, the largest Longnose Sucker taken in Minnesota weighed 3 lbs., 10.6 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Brule River, Cook County
    When: 5/19/05
    Statistics: 21" length, 10.25" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Northern Pike fry 94,090 2.0
2012 Walleye fry 1,449,700 13.3
2011 Northern Pike fry 102,600 1.8
  Walleye fry 1,113,450 9.8
2010 Northern Pike fry 120,589 1.9
  Walleye fry 1,112,633 9.6
2009 Northern Pike fry 110,055 2.1
  Walleye fry 1,104,895 11.0
2008 Walleye fingerlings 17,309 1,381.0
  Walleye fry 1,100,000 10.0
2007 Walleye fry 1,150,000 11.5
2006 Walleye adults 829 241.0
  Walleye fingerlings 2,310 265.0
  Walleye fry 1,109,475 11.3
  Walleye yearlings 1,018 799.0
2004 Walleye fry 1,117,250 10.2
  Walleye fingerlings 12,485 747.1
  Walleye adults 2,267 792.5

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MADISON
Blue Earth Co., 07004400
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Carp   All sizes     Mercury
Crappie All sizes        
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Bass     All sizes   Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        
Yellow Perch All sizes        

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MADISON
Blue Earth Co., 07004400
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Carp All sizes        
Crappie All sizes        
Northern Pike All sizes        
Walleye All sizes        
White Bass   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        
Yellow Perch All sizes        

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/01/2011)

Madison Lake is a 1,439-acre lake partially surrounded by the City of Madison Lake on its northern side in Blue Earth County. Much of the shoreline and riparian zone of the lake has been modified for residential and municipal development. Residential development is common, with lawns being maintained to the water's edge and shorelines being altered with rock riprap or sand blankets. Madison Lake's watershed is comprised of approximately 48% agriculture, 31% water/wetland, 10% pasture, 9% developed, and 2% forest. Madison Lake is a very popular water body with several parks, a fishing pier, and three public accesses located on the east side of the lake. The sport fish community consists of northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, white crappie, black crappie, bluegill, and yellow perch. Madison Lake has been stocked extensively with northern pike and walleyes to maintain populations. The current management plan calls for walleye to be stocked in even years and northern pike in odd years.

Historical catch rates indicate that northern pike have occurred in low abundance during the last two decades. The 2011 catch rate of northern pike (8.3/gill net) was the highest recorded since 1988 and is high for lakes similar to Madison Lake. The increase in northern pike catch rate was likely a result of annual fry stockings that began in 2009. Northern pike size was small ranging from 13.8 to 33.9 inches in length and averaging 19.9 inches. Seventy-two percent of the 99 northern pike sampled were less than 21.0 inches long. Larger fish were present as a 36.2 inch northern pike was sampled in a trap net.

Largemouth bass electrofishing catch rates have increased steadily since 2008. In 2008, 2009, and 2011, largemouth bass were captured at rates of 44.9/hour, 50.0/hour, and 63.3/hour, respectively. Size structure of largemouth bass remained relatively small in 2011, with bass ranging from 5.8 to 18.9 inches in length and averaging 11.2 inches.

In 2011, walleye catch rates were high at 10.6/gill net, which is the highest catch rate observed since 1987. Walleye size structure was balanced with fish ranging from 11.6 to 26.1 inches in length and averaging 18.7 inches. Walleye size structure decreased from 2009 when walleyes ranged from 10.5 to 27.8 inches in length and averaged 20.8 inches.

Yellow perch catch rates (6.4/gill net) in 2011 decreased since the 2010 survey (28.6/gill net). Catch rates of yellow perch were low compared to other similar lakes. Yellow perch catch rates in Madison Lake have historically been variable ranging from 1.5/gill net to 91.8/gill net since 1974.

Bluegill's were captured at a rate of 25.6/trap net in 2011, which is consistent with observed catch rates dating back to 2008. Bluegills ranged from 2.9 to 8.5 inches in length and averaged 6.7 inches, with approximately 80% of the bluegills being between 6.0 and 8.0 inches long.

Catch rates of black crappies in 2011 were 34.6/gill net which is high for lakes similar to Madison Lake. Black crappies ranged from 3.9 to 11.7 inches in length and averaged 5.5 inches. Black crappies less than 5.0 inches in length accounted for approximately 77% of the crappies sampled indicating a strong year class for anglers in the future. White crappies were also sampled, but occurred in low numbers (0.9/gill net and 0.4/trap net).

Freshwater drum catch rates have been steady since the mid-seventies, ranging from 12.4/gill net to 49.8/gill net, and consistently being greater than 30.0/gill net. In 2011, freshwater drum were captured at a rate of 40.4/gill net, which is high for similar lakes. Freshwater drum were small, ranging in length from 5.3 to 18.1 inches and averaging 10.7 inches.

Black bullheads were captured at a rate of 2.8/gill net, which is below average for similar lakes. The 2011 black bullhead catch rate was similar to historic catches, as black bullheads have historically occurred in low numbers in Madison Lake. Black bullheads were relatively large, as six fish greater than 12 inches in length were sampled (18%), with the largest being 14.5 inches. Yellow bullheads were also sampled, but occurred in low numbers (0.2/gill net and 1.2/trap net). Yellow bullheads were also large as 80% of the fish sampled were larger than 12.0 inches.

The 2011 common carp catch rate (4.1/gill net) was high compared to similar lakes. Catch rates prior to 2008 were consistently less than 2.0/trap net. Since 2008, catch rates have consistently been greater than 4.0/trap net. Common carp were large, ranging from 13.7 to 30.2 inches in length and averaging 19.2 inches. Approximately one-third of the carp captured were greater than 20.0 inches.

Bigmouth buffalo, bowfin, channel catfish, golden shiners, gizzard shad, shortnose gar, white bass, white sucker, and spotfin shiners were also sampled, but occurred in low numbers. Madison Lake is the only lake in Minnesota with a self sustaining gizzard shad population.

Anglers can help maintain or improve the quality of fishing by practicing selective harvest. Selective harvest allows for the harvest of smaller fish for table fare, but encourages release of medium- to large-sized fish. Releasing these fish can help maintain balance in the fish community and provide anglers the opportunity to catch more and larger fish in the future.

Shoreline areas on the land and into the shallow water provide essential habitat for fish and wildlife that live in or near Minnesota's lakes. Overdeveloped shorelines cannot support the fish, wildlife, and clean water that are associated with natural undeveloped lakes. Shoreline habitat consists of aquatic plants, woody plants, and natural lake bottom soils.

Plants in the water and at the water's edge provide habitat, prevent erosion, and absorb excess nutrients. Shrubs, trees, and woody debris such as fallen trees or limbs provide good habitat both above and below the water and should be left in place. By leaving a buffer strip of natural vegetation along the shoreline, property owners can reduce erosion, help maintain water quality, and provide habitat and travel corridors for wildlife.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
PO Box 86
50317 Fish Hatchery Rd
Waterville, MN 56096-0086
Phone: (507) 362-4223
Internet: Waterville Fisheries
E-Mail: Waterville.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C1965 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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    Toll-free: (800) 652-9093