Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Bay

Nearest Town: Deerwood (Crow Wing)
Primary County: Crow Wing
Survey Date: 06/16/2008
Inventory Number: 18003400
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Township Earthen Located on the east shore of the middle bay
DNR Concrete Located on the west shore of the northwest bay off of township road


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 2319.84
Littoral Area (acres): 1005
Maximum Depth (ft): 74
Water Clarity (ft): 24

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Minnesota waters support 153 species of fish.

Fish Sampled for the 2008 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 1.67 0.3 - 1.7 0.28 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 1.33 0.2 - 1.1 0.44 0.2 - 0.5
Bluegill Trap net 39.27 3.7 - 42.9 0.23 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 1.07 N/A 0.20 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.47 0.3 - 1.1 5.77 3.9 - 5.1
Gill net 0.07 0.1 - 0.2 5.12 3.0 - 5.2
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.80 0.3 - 1.7 1.32 0.7 - 1.1
Gill net 0.60 0.3 - 1.6 1.14 0.7 - 1.2
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 4.07 N/A 0.41 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 1.40 0.4 - 1.4 0.63 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 1.27 0.3 - 1.2 1.04 0.6 - 1.0
Northern Pike Trap net 0.80 N/A 1.37 N/A
Gill net 17.40 3.0 - 7.9 1.22 1.7 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 4.87 1.6 - 6.9 0.28 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 0.40 N/A 0.29 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 4.13 0.7 - 3.3 0.47 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 2.20 1.0 - 6.6 0.37 0.3 - 0.5
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 0.07 0.5 - 5.2 1.66 0.4 - 1.0
Walleye Gill net 1.87 4.0 - 9.6 2.88 1.1 - 1.9
White Sucker Gill net 0.07 1.0 - 3.5 2.75 1.5 - 2.3
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 2.00 0.9 - 4.8 0.80 0.7 - 1.0
Gill net 2.33 0.6 - 6.4 0.72 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Gill net 0.07 7.1 - 33.9 0.08 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2008 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 4 27 14 0 0 0 0 0 45
bluegill 137 462 0 0 0 0 0 0 605
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 4 4 0 8
brown bullhead 0 0 2 19 0 0 0 0 21
hybrid sunfish 4 53 4 0 0 0 0 0 61
largemouth bass 2 12 10 13 3 0 0 0 40
northern pike 0 0 4 59 166 31 10 3 273
pumpkinseed 10 69 0 0 0 0 0 0 79
rock bass 11 57 27 0 0 0 0 0 95
tullibee (cisco) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
walleye 0 0 2 1 14 9 2 0 28
white sucker 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
yellow bullhead 0 1 46 18 0 0 0 0 65
yellow perch 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1


For the record, the largest Walleye-Sauger Hybrid taken in Minnesota weighed 9 lbs., 13.4 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Mississippi River near Red Wing, Goodhue County
    When: 3/20/99
    Statistics: 27" length, 17.75" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fry 1,000,000 9.0
2012 Walleye fry 1,000,000 8.8
2010 Walleye* fingerlings 30,260 2,017.3
2008 Walleye* fingerlings 67,028 2,006.8
2006 Walleye* fingerlings 47,654 1,993.9
2004 Walleye adults 1,440 480.0
  Walleye fingerlings 7,837 316.0
  Walleye yearlings 556 210.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
BAY
Crow Wing Co., 18003400
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Cisco All sizes        
Northern Pike     All sizes   Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
BAY
Crow Wing Co., 18003400
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Cisco All sizes        
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/16/2008)

Bay Lake is a 2,392 acre lake located about 4 miles south of Deerwood in Crow Wing County. Public access are located on the east and west sides of the lake. The lake is quite popular and supports a wide variety of water-related recreational uses in addition to angling. The lake is heavily developed with 614 homes/cabins, 3 resorts, and a church camp along 20 miles of shoreline as of 1997. A number of these are small cabins and conversion of these may be an issue in the future. It is imperative that lakeshore property owners exercise good stewardship to prevent water quality problems. The maximum depth is 74' and about 42% of the lake is 15' deep or less. Shallow water substrates are primarily sand, gravel, and rubble. The aquatic plant community is quite diverse with 24 species of submerged vegetation and 39 emergent species present, and is critical to maintaining healthy fish populations. Emergent plants such as bulrush are common along much of the shoreline. It is essential to protect and maintain these plants as they are important for shoreline protection, maintaining water quality, and provide critical spawning habitat for bass and panfish species. Submerged plants provide food and cover needed by fish and other aquatic species. Two exotic species of particular interest are purple loostrife and Eurasian watermilfoil. Various methods have been used to control these plants, but lake users must take measures to prevent them from being introduced into other lakes and wetlands.

Walleyes have been stocked regularly since 1967 and currently fingerlings are stocked in alternate years at a rate of two pounds per littoral acre (2010 lbs). Historical catches have ranged from 0.5 to 3.7/gill net and averaged 2.0/gill net since 1971. The 2008 walleye catch of 1.9/gill net was typical for this lake but below average when compared to similar lakes. A mix of fish from natural reproduction, fry, and fingerling stockings were sampled with no strategy clearly working better than another. It is likely that the walleye population is limited by the high abundance of northern pike and largemouth bass as well as the low number of yellow perch present. Average length and weight were 19.6" and 2.9lbs.

Northern pike were caught in above average numbers at 17.4/gill net. This was the highest catch to date. Previous catches have ranged from 6.1 to 16.6/gill net and averaged 13.4/gill net. Northern pike abundance in the 6 most recent nettings, dating from 1982, has been above average. The 2005 and 2006 year classes contributed 89% of the catch with most of these fish measuring 13" to 22". Average length and weight were 17.3" and 1.2lbs.

The largemouth bass catch of 1.4/trap net and 1.3/gill net were above average when compared to similar lakes. The trap net catch is similar to past nettings while the gill net catch was the highest to date. About 40% of all bass measured (gill nets and trap nets) were 12" or larger.

The bluegill catch of 39.3/trap net was average compared to similar lakes and typical of recent catches. Past catches have ranged from 38.2 to 157.1/trap net. Size was respectable with 36% of trap netted bluegills measuring 7" or larger, compared to 15% in 2002. Black crappie abundance measured by trap nets also remained average at 1.7 /trap net. Gill net abundance was above average at 1.3/gill net. Average weight of all crappies was 0.4lbs and 40% of the fish sampled were larger than 8", compared to 59% in 2002.

Yellow perch are an important forage species for the lake's game fish and abundance has always been very low, never ranging above the 1971 catch of 0.8/gill net. Only 1 perch was caught in 2008 resulting in a catch rate of 0.1/gill net. Tullibee are also an important food source and as with the perch, only one was sampled in 2008. Past catches have ranged as high as 12.9 in 1982, but have not exceeded 0.3/gill net since 1987.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1601 Minnesota Dr
Brainerd, MN 56401
Phone: (218) 828-2550
Internet: Brainerd Fisheries
E-Mail: Brainerd.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0098 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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