Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Upper South Long

Nearest Town: Brainerd
Primary County: Crow Wing
Survey Date: 07/22/2013
Inventory Number: 18009600
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete Southwest shore off of Co. Rd. 23.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 795.38
Littoral Area (acres): 283
Maximum Depth (ft): 47
Water Clarity (ft): 6.8 (5.5-8)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Much of Minnesota's fisheries program is reimbursed by the Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Program (federal excise tax), administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Fish Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 2.17 0.4 - 2.3 0.22 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 4.83 0.4 - 2.7 0.16 0.3 - 0.6
Bluegill Trap net 12.25 4.4 - 49.0 0.16 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 1.00 N/A 0.20 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.50 0.3 - 1.1 3.95 3.7 - 5.1
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.08 0.3 - 1.6 1.34 0.7 - 1.1
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 1.75 N/A 0.28 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.42 0.3 - 1.3 1.30 0.2 - 0.8
Gill net 1.08 0.3 - 1.4 1.45 0.5 - 1.2
Northern Pike Trap net 0.33 N/A 4.30 N/A
Gill net 3.00 2.8 - 9.0 2.79 1.6 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 1.67 1.8 - 7.8 0.18 0.1 - 0.3
Rock Bass Trap net 0.58 0.5 - 2.5 0.48 0.3 - 0.5
Gill net 0.08 0.6 - 3.9 0.61 0.3 - 0.5
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 1.75 0.8 - 6.2 1.05 0.6 - 1.4
Walleye Trap net 0.08 0.2 - 0.8 2.88 1.0 - 2.7
Gill net 2.08 3.3 - 8.8 1.43 1.2 - 2.1
White Sucker Trap net 0.17 0.2 - 1.1 1.93 1.8 - 3.0
Gill net 3.00 0.9 - 4.0 1.97 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 3.25 1.2 - 5.2 1.10 0.6 - 0.9
Gill net 0.92 1.2 - 10.9 1.03 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Gill net 0.67 7.0 - 46.3 0.17 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 40 36 7 0 0 0 0 0 84
bluegill 93 59 0 0 0 0 0 0 159
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 1 5 0 0 6
brown bullhead 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1
hybrid sunfish 8 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 21
largemouth bass 0 1 4 9 3 0 0 0 18
northern pike 0 0 0 0 5 26 6 3 40
pumpkinseed 10 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 20
rock bass 1 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 8
tullibee (cisco) 0 2 5 5 9 0 0 0 21
walleye 0 0 7 8 5 2 0 1 26
white sucker 0 0 2 8 25 1 0 0 38
yellow bullhead 0 0 16 34 0 0 0 0 50
yellow perch 0 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 8


For the record, the largest Northern Pike (Silver Phase) taken in Minnesota weighed 18 lbs., 14 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Disappointment Lake, Lake County
    When: 6/28/78
    Statistics: 42" length, 19" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fingerlings 15,154 566.0
2011 Walleye fingerlings 10,031 629.0
2009 Walleye1 fingerlings 9,098 565.0
2007 Walleye1 fingerlings 6,020 565.8
2005 Walleye yearlings 726 33.0
  Walleye fingerlings 5,400 270.0
  Walleye adults 271 281.0
2004 Walleye adults 554 603.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/22/2013)

Walleye fingerlings are currently stocked in odd numbered years into Upper South Long Lake. Numbers (2.1 walleye per gill net) were up slightly from the last survey, but are still below average for this type of lake. Average size was 14.5" and 65% were 12" or longer.

Northern pike numbers are right where intended, at 3.0/gill net. These fish are fast growing with an average length of 23".

The bass population looked healthy, with an electrofishing catch rate of 98.6/hr run-time. Average length was 12.5" and 58% of the fish were 12" or larger, with fish up to 18.3".

The panfish on Upper South Long appeared to be small. The average bluegill length was 5.7" and only 18% were 7" or larger. Only 24% of the black crappie were 8" or larger.

Yellow perch are an important forage species and were at their lowest numbers ever at 0.7/gill net. Average length was 7.1"


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1601 Minnesota Dr
Brainerd, MN 56401
Phone: (218) 828-2550
Internet: Brainerd Fisheries
E-Mail: Brainerd.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0373 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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