Lake information report

printer friendly version

Name: Upper South Long

Nearest Town: Brainerd
Primary County: Crow Wing
Survey Date: 07/23/2007
Inventory Number: 18009600
Buy your walleye stamp todayPurchase a walleye stamp. Your voluntary contribution will be used to support walleye stocking.

Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 795.37
Littoral Area (acres): 283
Maximum Depth (ft): 47
Water Clarity (ft): 5.5

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Much of Minnesota's fisheries program is reimbursed by the Federal Aid in Sport Fish Restoration Program (federal excise tax), administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

Fish Sampled for the 2007 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.25 0.3 - 2.6 1.56 0.5 - 0.9
Gill net 0.17 0.6 - 6.8 1.36 0.5 - 1.0
Black Crappie Trap net 0.83 0.4 - 2.3 0.26 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 6.33 0.4 - 2.7 0.14 0.3 - 0.6
Bluegill Trap net 21.42 4.4 - 49.0 0.11 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 15.67 N/A 0.05 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.50 0.3 - 1.1 5.42 3.7 - 5.1
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.25 0.3 - 1.6 1.26 0.7 - 1.1
Common Shiner Trap net 0.67 N/A 0.09 N/A
Golden Shiner Trap net 0.08 0.1 - 0.3 0.06 0.1 - 0.2
Greater Redhorse Trap net 0.17 N/A 6.63 N/A
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 1.00 N/A 0.34 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.58 0.3 - 1.3 0.57 0.2 - 0.8
Gill net 1.67 0.3 - 1.4 0.91 0.5 - 1.2
Northern Pike Trap net 0.17 N/A 1.90 N/A
Gill net 3.50 2.8 - 9.0 3.44 1.6 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 1.75 1.8 - 7.8 0.21 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 0.08 N/A 0.34 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 1.00 0.5 - 2.5 0.51 0.3 - 0.5
Gill net 0.25 0.6 - 3.9 0.35 0.3 - 0.5
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 0.42 0.8 - 6.2 1.58 0.6 - 1.4
Walleye Gill net 1.75 3.3 - 8.8 1.06 1.2 - 2.1
White Sucker Trap net 0.08 0.2 - 1.1 3.42 1.8 - 3.0
Gill net 1.67 0.9 - 4.0 1.34 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 2.25 1.2 - 5.2 1.06 0.6 - 0.9
Gill net 0.50 1.2 - 10.9 1.36 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.17 0.6 - 3.5 0.07 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 3.17 7.0 - 46.3 0.13 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2007 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 0 0 5 0 0 0 0 5
black crappie 26 55 3 0 0 0 0 0 86
bluegill 375 64 0 0 0 0 0 0 445
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0 6
brown bullhead 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
common shiner 5 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
golden shiner 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
greater redhorse 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2
hybrid sunfish 2 9 0 0 0 0 0 0 12
largemouth bass 1 6 10 9 1 0 0 0 27
northern pike 0 0 0 0 2 22 19 1 44
pumpkinseed 9 13 0 0 0 0 0 0 22
rock bass 3 4 8 0 0 0 0 0 15
tullibee (cisco) 0 0 0 2 3 0 0 0 5
walleye 0 0 7 9 3 2 0 0 21
white sucker 0 2 2 10 5 2 0 0 21
yellow bullhead 0 0 9 24 0 0 0 0 33
yellow perch 22 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 40


For the record, the largest Rock Bass (tie) taken in Minnesota weighed 2 lbs. and was caught:

    Where: Lake Osakis, Todd County
    When: 5/10/98
    Statistics: 13.5" length, 12.5" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fingerlings 15,154 566.0
2011 Walleye fingerlings 10,031 629.0
2009 Walleye* fingerlings 9,098 565.0
2007 Walleye* fingerlings 6,020 565.8
2005 Walleye yearlings 726 33.0
  Walleye fingerlings 5,400 270.0
  Walleye adults 271 281.0
2004 Walleye adults 554 603.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/23/2007)

Upper South Long Lake is an 802 acre lake located about 8 miles southeast of Brainerd in Crow Wing County. A public access is located on the southwest shore. The lake is heavily developed with 31 homes/cabins per shoreline mile based on 1999 data. Many of these are small seasonal cabins and conversion of these may be an issue in the future. The maximum depth is 47' and about 35% of the lake is 15' deep or less. Shallow water substrates consist primarily of sand and gravel, although areas of rubble, marl, and muck are also present. The aquatic plant community is quite diverse with 43 species present and is critical to maintaining healthy fish populations. Emergent plants such as bulrush and water lillies are still relatively common along much of the shoreline, although the overall area has diminished in recent years. It is essential to protect and maintain these plants as they are important for shoreline protection, maintaining water quality, and provide critical spawning habitat for bass and panfish species. Submerged plants provide food and cover needed by fish and other aquatic species.

The 2007 walleye catch of 1.8/gill net was below average and the lowest catch since 1979. Five different year classes were represented with the 2005 year class (age 2) accounting for 62% of the current population. Average length and weight were 13.9" and 1.1 lbs in 2007. Northern pike were caught in average numbers in 2007 at 3.5/gill net. Average length and weight were 25.0" and 3.4 lbs in 2007. Growth was relatively good with 60% of these fish measuring at least 24".

The largemouth bass abundance of 0.6/trap net is average when compared to similar lakes. Spring electrofishing resulted in a largemouth bass catch rate of 97/hr with an average length of 10.8" and 38% measuring at least 12".

The 2007 bluegill catch of 21.4/trap net is typical of past catches on this and similar lakes. Black crappies were present in good numbers when compared to similar lakes, however size was small. Tullibee and yellow perch are important forage species for the lake's game fish and were caught in low numbers in 2007.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1601 Minnesota Dr
Brainerd, MN 56401
Phone: (218) 828-2550
Internet: Brainerd Fisheries
E-Mail: Brainerd.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0373 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

Tip Logo    Turn in Poachers (TIP):

    Toll-free: (800) 652-9093