Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: West Battle

Nearest Town: Battle Lake
Primary County: Otter Tail
Survey Date: 07/12/2010
Inventory Number: 56023900
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete A state owned public access is located off of County Road 5 along the east shoreline.
City Concrete A city owned public access is located along the west shoreline.


Fishing Regulations:

Special and/or Experimental Fishing Regulations exist on this lake. Please refer to our online Minnesota Fishing Regulations.

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 5565.33
Littoral Area (acres): 2496
Maximum Depth (ft): 108
Water Clarity (ft): 15.4 (14.5-16.3)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? There are 15,000 miles of fishable streams in Minnesota, including 2,600 miles of trout streams.

Fish Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 0.27 0.4 - 2.3 0.83 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 1.60 0.4 - 2.7 0.54 0.3 - 0.6
Bluegill Trap net 23.00 4.4 - 49.0 0.23 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 15.47 N/A 0.18 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.07 0.3 - 1.1 5.73 3.7 - 5.1
Gill net 0.07 0.1 - 0.4 4.96 3.1 - 4.6
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.13 0.3 - 1.6 1.14 0.7 - 1.1
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 1.07 N/A 0.33 N/A
Gill net 8.40 N/A 0.21 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 3.07 0.3 - 1.3 0.21 0.2 - 0.8
Gill net 4.07 0.3 - 1.4 0.75 0.5 - 1.2
Muskellunge Trap net 0.07 0.1 - 0.3 4.26 0.4 - 4.0
Gill net 0.07 0.1 - 0.2 12.45 2.5 - 7.5
Northern Pike Trap net 0.20 N/A 1.34 N/A
Gill net 6.53 2.8 - 9.0 2.16 1.6 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 1.00 1.8 - 7.8 0.21 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 4.87 N/A 0.20 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 1.07 0.5 - 2.5 0.47 0.3 - 0.5
Gill net 7.33 0.6 - 3.9 0.36 0.3 - 0.5
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 0.07 0.8 - 6.2 0.17 0.6 - 1.4
Walleye Trap net 1.07 0.2 - 0.8 0.60 1.0 - 2.7
Gill net 4.87 3.3 - 8.8 1.24 1.2 - 2.1
White Sucker Gill net 0.20 0.9 - 4.0 3.42 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 0.13 1.2 - 5.2 0.98 0.6 - 0.9
Gill net 0.93 1.2 - 10.9 0.83 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.13 0.6 - 3.5 0.38 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 12.07 7.0 - 46.3 0.15 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 2 8 15 3 0 0 0 0 28
bluegill 201 369 0 0 0 0 0 0 577
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2
brown bullhead 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 2
hybrid sunfish 62 80 0 0 0 0 0 0 142
largemouth bass 7 55 25 17 3 0 0 0 107
muskellunge 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2
northern pike 0 0 0 6 39 40 11 4 101
pumpkinseed 44 44 0 0 0 0 0 0 88
rock bass 18 79 29 0 0 0 0 0 126
tullibee (cisco) 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
walleye 0 14 7 39 21 5 2 0 89
white sucker 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3
yellow bullhead 0 1 9 6 0 0 0 0 16
yellow perch 21 157 5 0 0 0 0 0 183


For the record, the largest Lake Whitefish taken in Minnesota weighed 12 lbs., 4.5 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Leech Lake near Walker
    When: 3/21/99.
    Statistics: 28.5" length, 20" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye yearlings 407 271.0
  Walleye fingerlings 59,771 2,373.0
2012 Muskellunge fingerlings 992 165.3
  Muskellunge fingerlings 1,500 325.4
2011 Muskellunge yearlings 459 30.6
  Walleye fingerlings 63,263 4,000.0
  Walleye yearlings 153 56.0
2010 Muskellunge fingerlings 820 205.0
  Muskellunge* fingerlings 820 240.5
  Muskellunge* yearlings 400 307.7
2009 Walleye adults 279 303.0
  Walleye fingerlings 30,447 1,142.0
  Walleye fingerlings 7,174 352.0
  Walleye* fingerlings 20,040 963.0
  Walleye* fingerlings 21,118 1,257.0
  Walleye yearlings 3,119 703.0
2008 Muskellunge fingerlings 2,534 360.0
2007 Walleye yearlings 9,758 2,550.0
  Walleye fingerlings 22,958 2,433.0
  Walleye adults 29 62.0
2006 Muskellunge adults 394 853.3
  Muskellunge fingerlings 1,568 313.2
  Muskellunge yearlings 29 32.2
  Walleye adults 280 215.0
  Walleye yearlings 9,025 434.0
2005 Walleye fingerlings 57,514 3,492.0
  Walleye yearlings 288 144.0
  Walleye yearlings 325 116.0
2004 Muskellunge fingerlings 2,500 440.2

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WEST BATTLE
Otter Tail Co., 56023900
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Bullhead   All sizes     Mercury
Largemouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   shorter than 18" 18" or longer   Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury
White Sucker   All sizes     Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WEST BATTLE
Otter Tail Co., 56023900
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Bullhead All sizes        
Largemouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/12/2010)

West Battle Lake is a 5,624-acre mesotrophic (moderately fertile) lake located in south-central Otter Tail County. The city of Battle Lake, Minnesota abuts the west shoreline. The immediate watershed is composed primarily of agricultural land interspersed with hardwood woodlots. The maximum depth is 108 feet; however, 44% of the lake is 15 feet or less in depth. Water clarity in this lake is excellent; the secchi disk reading for the 2010 survey was 14.5 feet. Secchi disk readings have ranged from 8.0 to 19.5 feet in previous surveys. The majority of the shoreline on West Battle Lake has been extensively developed. Homes, cottages, and resorts compose the development. A DNR-owned, double concrete, public access is located on the east shoreline of the lake and a city-owned, double concrete, public access is located on the west shoreline. The shoal water substrates consist primarily of sand and gravel. Stands of hardstem bulrush and common cattail are scattered along the south and east shorelines of the lake. Emergent aquatic plants such as bulrush and cattail provide valuable fish and wildlife habitat, and are critical for maintaining good water quality. They protect shorelines and lake bottoms, and can actually absorb and break down polluting chemicals. Emergent plants provide spawning areas for fish such as northern pike, largemouth bass, and panfish. They also serve as important nursery areas for all species of fish. Because of their ecological value, emergent plants may not be removed without a DNR permit. To maintain the excellent water quality and angling that this lake has to offer, it is imperative to preserve the quality of the aquatic habitat. West Battle Lake is both a popular recreational and angling lake. Recent lake survey data indicate that West Battle Lake has good populations of walleye, northern pike, muskellunge, largemouth bass, bluegill, and black crappie. Size distribution for these species appears to be good also. The prolificacy of these species can be attributed to the abundance of quality habitat that is available. Walleye is a primary management species in West Battle Lake. Walleye ranged in length from 7.0 to 26.8 inches with a mean length and weight of 14.5 inches and 1.2 pounds. Walleye attain an average length of 14.3 inches at four years of age. A moderate density northern pike population exists. Age and length data indicate that northern pike reproduction is consistently good. Northern pike ranged in length from 12.0 to 32.7 inches with a mean length and weight of 21.2 inches and 2.1 pounds. Pike attain an average length of 23.8 inches at five years of age. In 2003 an experimental size regulation (24.0 to 36.0 inch protected slot limit) was implemented in an attempt to create a quality pike fishery. West Battle is a designated muskellunge lake and dark house spearing is prohibited. Data from recent spring trap net assessments, indicates that a quality muskellunge population exists. Muskellunge sampled during the 2010 spring assessment ranged in length from 30.8 to 52.5 inches with a mean length of 43.1. Age data indicate that muskellunge reproduction is limited so muskellunge are stocked by the DNR on a biennial basis. Test-net catch data indicate that a high-density largemouth bass population exists in West Battle Lake. Bass ranged in length from 5.9 to 16.4 inches with a mean length and weight of 10.5 inches and 0.8 pounds. Age data indicate that largemouth bass reproduction is consistently good. Bass reach an average length of 11.2 inches at four years of age. Data from recent test-netting assessments indicate that bluegill and black crappie are abundant. Thirty-nine percent of the bluegills were at least 7.0 inches in length. Forty-six percent of the black crappies were at least 10.0 inches in length. Both species exhibit moderate growth rates. Anglers can maintain or improve the quality of fishing for all species of fish in West Battle Lake by practicing selective harvest. Selective harvest encourages the release of medium to large-size fish while allowing the harvest of the more abundant smaller fish for table fare. Releasing the medium to large fish will ensure that the lake will have enough spawning age fish on an annual basis and will provide anglers with opportunities to catch more large fish in the future.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1509 1st Ave N
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
Phone: (218) 739-7576
Internet: Fergus Falls Fisheries
E-Mail: FergusFalls.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0218 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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