Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: ELBOW (BASS)

Nearest Town: BATTLE LAKE, MN
Primary County: Otter Tail
Survey Date: 06/15/2005
Inventory Number: 56-0306-00
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Minnesota DNR Concrete A STATE OWNED PUBLIC ACCESS IS LOCATED OFF OF COUNTY HIGHWAY 83 ALONG THE NORTHWEST SHORELINE OF THE LAKE.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 189.00
Littoral Area (acres): 80.00
Maximum Depth (ft): 46.00
Water Clarity (ft): 16.00

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? The DNR Section of Fisheries has a full-time staff of 285. There are 4 regional and 28 area fisheries offices.

Fish Sampled up to the 2005 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.9 0.3 - 2.8 1.10 0.2 - 0.7
Black Crappie Trap net 10.0 0.5 - 3.3 0.44 0.3 - 0.5
Bluegill Gill net 1.7 N/A - N/A 0.09 N/A - N/A
  Trap net 36.6 5.7 - 40.5 0.19 0.1 - 0.2
Green Sunfish Trap net 0.2 0.7 - 3.1 0.02 0.1 - 0.2
Hybrid Sunfish Gill net 0.5 N/A - N/A 0.13 N/A - N/A
  Trap net 21.2 N/A - N/A 0.25 N/A - N/A
Largemouth Bass Gill net 0.5 0.3 - 1.5 1.68 0.5 - 1.3
  Trap net 1.6 0.3 - 1.6 0.13 0.2 - 0.9
Northern Pike Gill net 3.0 2.8 - 8.7 3.36 1.5 - 2.9
  Trap net 0.2 N/A - N/A 3.05 N/A - N/A
Pumpkinseed Sunfish Gill net 0.3 N/A - N/A 0.24 N/A - N/A
  Trap net 3.3 1.3 - 6.3 0.16 0.1 - 0.2
Painted Turtle Trap net 0.9 N/A - N/A ND N/A - N/A
Snapping Turtle Trap net 0.2 N/A - N/A ND N/A - N/A
Walleye Gill net 2.8 0.5 - 3.3 2.87 1.1 - 2.7
  Trap net 0.2 0.2 - 0.8 5.98 0.7 - 3.3
White Sucker Gill net 0.5 0.5 - 2.9 3.91 1.3 - 2.4
Yellow Perch Gill net 6.2 1.5 - 23.0 0.12 0.1 - 0.2
  Trap net 0.1 0.5 - 3.8 0.09 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species Sampled for All Gear for the 2005 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
Black Bullhead 0 1 1 5 0 0 0 0 7
Black Crappie 1 29 51 3 0 0 0 0 84
Bluegill 90 104 0 0 0 0 0 0 194
Green Sunfish 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Hybrid Sunfish 46 74 1 0 0 0 0 0 121
Largemouth Bass 7 6 1 2 1 0 0 0 17
Northern Pike 0 0 0 1 0 11 7 1 20
Pumpkinseed Sunfish 18 14 0 0 0 0 0 0 32
Walleye 0 0 0 0 8 6 5 0 19
Yellow Perch 10 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 38


For the record, the largest Silver Redhorse taken in Minnesota weighed 9 lbs., 15 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Big Fork River, Koochiching County
    When: 4/16/04
    Statistics: 26.6" length, 16 7/8" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2012 Walleye yearlings 658 182.0
  Walleye fingerlings 391 17.0
  Walleye adults 71 47.0
2010 Walleye 12,651 4.4
2008 Walleye fingerlings 3,985 160.0
2006 Walleye fingerlings 2,887 163.0
2004 Walleye adults 87 87.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/15/2005)

Elbow (Bass) Lake is a 189-acre mesotrophic (moderately fertile) lake located in central Otter Tail County approximately two miles west of the city of Battle Lake, MN. The immediate watershed consists primarily of agricultural land interspersed with hardwood woodlots. Elbow Lake has a maximum depth of 46 feet and 42% of the lake is 15 feet or less in depth. Main lake shoreline substrates consist primarily of sand and gravel. The substrate in the north bay is predominantly muck. The secchi disk reading, a measure of water clarity, was 16.0 feet in 2005. Readings in previous surveys have ranged from 15.0 to 24.0 feet. A DNR owned concrete public access is located on the northwest shoreline. Elbow Lake is included in class 28 of the MN DNR lake classification scheme. Moderate development exists around the lake. Emergent vegetation (bulrush, cattails, and wild rice) exists in various areas throughout the lake. Emergent plants are important because they provide valuable fish and wildlife habitat and are critical for maintaining good water quality. They protect shorelines from erosion and can even absorb and breakdown pollutants from the water. Emergent plants provide spawning areas for fish species such as northern pike, largemouth bass and panfish. They also are important nursery areas for all species of fish. Because of their ecological importance, emergent plants may not be removed without a DNR permit. Elbow Lake can be ecologically classified as a bass-panfish type of lake and this is reflected in the assemblage of the fish community. Elbow Lake contains good populations of northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, black crappie, and bluegill. The northern pike population has remained at a moderate density in all of the surveys conducted. Pike are of good average size with 56% of the fish > 24 inches in length. Pike ranged in length from 13.9 to 31.2 inches with an average length and weight of 24.2 inches and 3.4 pounds. The black crappie catch rate has increased from previous surveys. Crappies ranged in length from 5.4 to 12.6 inches with an average length and weight of 9.1 inches and 0.5 pounds. Sixty-four percent of the crappies were at least 9.0 inches in length. The 2001 year class appears to be strong and should provide consistently good crappie fishing for several years. The bluegill catch rate is down from previous surveys but is within the normal range for lake class 28. The number of fish 7.0 inches or greater in length has increased from previous surveys. Twenty-nine percent of the bluegills were at least 7.0 inches in length. A spring electrofishing assessment in 2005 documented a high abundance of largemouth bass. Bass ranged in length from 4.1 to 16.6 inches with an average length and weight of 10.7 and 0.8 pounds. Age data indicate that bass reproduction is consistently good. This is an indication that there is good largemouth bass spawning habitat present in the lake. The walleye population remains fairly stable and the catch rate is equivalent to the upper limit of the normal range for lake class 28. Walleye ranged in length from 15.8 to 29.0 inches with an average length and weight of 21.2 inches and 2.9 pounds. The strongest year classes have corresponded to years when walleye fingerlings and/or yearlings were stocked. Beginning in 2006, the walleye fingerling stocking rate will be doubled. Anglers can maintain the quality of angling by practicing selective harvest. Selective harvest encourages the release of medium to large-size fish while allowing the harvest of more abundant smaller fish for table fare. Releasing the medium to large fish will ensure that the lake will have enough spawning age fish on an annual basis and will provide anglers with more opportunities to catch large fish in the future.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1509 1st Ave N
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
Phone: (218) 739-7576
Internet: Fergus Falls Fisheries
E-Mail: FergusFalls.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C1521 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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