Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Villard

Nearest Town: Villard
Primary County: Pope
Survey Date: 07/15/2013
Inventory Number: 61006700
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
City Concrete


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 544.39
Littoral Area (acres): 541.47
Maximum Depth (ft): 16
Water Clarity (ft): 4.8 (4-5.5)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): 7.9 (7-9)


Did you know? Lake rehabilitation projects reclaim waters suffering from habitat degradation and overpopulation of some fish species.

Fish Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 1.00 2.1 - 24.1 0.55 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 0.78 1.7 - 17.5 0.74 0.1 - 0.3
Bluegill Trap net 16.33 3.5 - 57.1 0.25 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 4.78 N/A 0.28 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.67 0.3 - 1.3 2.35 2.5 - 4.2
Gill net 0.11 0.3 - 1.3 4.37 2.0 - 4.4
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.33 0.4 - 5.1 1.50 0.4 - 0.9
Common Carp Trap net 0.33 0.4 - 2.4 8.38 1.8 - 5.1
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.11 0.2 - 0.8 0.63 0.3 - 1.5
Northern Pike Trap net 0.67 N/A 1.90 N/A
Gill net 13.33 2.0 - 10.8 1.71 1.7 - 3.1
Pumpkinseed Trap net 2.89 0.7 - 6.5 0.26 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 5.22 N/A 0.17 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 0.11 0.3 - 0.9 0.41 0.3 - 0.6
Walleye Trap net 0.56 0.3 - 0.8 4.34 0.9 - 3.5
Gill net 4.22 0.8 - 3.8 1.79 1.4 - 3.0
White Sucker Gill net 1.56 0.5 - 2.3 2.02 1.6 - 2.5
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 5.56 1.0 - 7.1 0.86 0.4 - 0.8
Gill net 7.89 0.5 - 5.0 0.76 0.4 - 0.8
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.11 0.4 - 2.8 0.15 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 1.67 2.0 - 22.3 0.11 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 0 1 12 3 0 0 0 0 16
bluegill 52 138 0 0 0 0 0 0 190
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 5 2 0 0 7
brown bullhead 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 3
common carp 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 3
largemouth bass 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
northern pike 0 0 1 3 60 55 6 1 126
pumpkinseed 37 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 73
rock bass 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
walleye 0 0 8 4 25 3 3 0 43
white sucker 1 0 0 0 13 0 0 0 14
yellow bullhead 2 4 77 38 0 0 0 0 121
yellow perch 5 11 0 0 0 0 0 0 16


For the record, the largest Greater Redhorse taken in Minnesota weighed 12 lbs., 11.5 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Sauk River, Stearns County
    When: 5/20/05
    Statistics: 28.5" length, 18.5" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2012 Walleye adults 103 128.0
  Walleye fingerlings 2,647 315.0
  Walleye yearlings 2,285 533.0
2010 Walleye yearlings 363 140.0
  Walleye yearlings 77 33.0
  Walleye fingerlings 6,357 494.0
  Walleye adults 332 332.0
2008 Walleye adults 1,445 977.0
2006 Walleye1 fingerlings 23,326 976.0
2004 Walleye yearlings 2,900 177.0
  Walleye1 fingerlings 21,174 662.0
  Walleye1 fingerlings 4,599 314.0
  Walleye adults 70 28.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
VILLARD
Pope Co., 61006700
Bluegill Sunfish   All sizes     Mercury
Crappie     All sizes   Mercury
Northern Pike     All sizes   Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
VILLARD
Pope Co., 61006700
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Crappie   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/15/2013)

Villard Lake is a shallow, 544-acre basin located in northeastern Pope County, immediately west of the City of Villard. The lake is the middle basin making up a connected chain of three basins that include Leven, Villard, and Amelia lakes. Dependent upon frequency and severity of precipitation events, water quality can be seasonally impacted from excessive nutrient loading from a large, well-drained watershed. Maximum depth is 16.0 feet. Average depth is 10.0 feet. Due to shallowness of the basin, strong winds and waves can re-suspend nutrients and trigger temporary algal blooms after storm events. Water transparency during summer months averages 5.9 feet.

Despite seasonal water quality impairments, Villard Lake supports all common game fishes and fishing can be very productive. Important fish habitat attributes include extensive beds of hardstem bulrush, yellow water lilies, and a diversity of submergent plants critical to sunfishes, largemouth bass, crappie, and northern pike. Walleyes are stocked to sustain a modest fishery.

The recent fish community assessment occurred in mid-July 2013. Northern pike proved to be very abundant. Lengths of pike captured ranged from 14.5  33.9 inches. Average size of the catch was 19.9 inches and 1.7 pounds. Much of the catch was comprised of young fish, three to five-years-of-age fish. Anglers are encouraged to harvest surplus of 17.0  21.0 inch fish.

Lake Villard supports healthy bass and panfish populations. Bluegill sunfish are moderately abundant. Size at capture in trapnets ranged from 4.5  8.7 inches. Average length of the catch was 6.5 inches. Age distribution of the population sample extended to age 12. Due to the longevity, 12% of the bluegills captured in 2013 exceeded 8.0 inches. Pumpkinseed sunfish are also common. Largemouth bass are less abundant, but the population supports good fishing. While their numbers are not high, 56% of bass captures exceeded 15.0 inches. Black crappie catches were limited, but low catches are not atypical during summer surveys when water temperatures are elevated. Actual population density is uncertain, but the lake can give up some nice size fish. The largest crappie caught measured 12.6 inches in length.

The walleye catch rate of 4.2 fish/gillnet was reasonably good in light of high mortality induced by an over-abundance of northern pike. Length at capture ranged from 9.6 - 24.4 inches, which reflects presence of eight age groups in the population sample. Average size of walleyes caught in gillnets was 16.5 inches which is a 1.8 pound fish.

Notes: Rank growth of aquatic vegetation, that may include curly-leaf pondweed, can impair navigation and fishing in shallow bay areas.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
23070 North Lakeshore Dr
Glenwood, MN 56334
Phone: (320) 634-4573
Internet: Glenwood Fisheries
E-Mail: Glenwood.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use D0176 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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    Toll-free: (800) 652-9093