Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Wells (Bully Wells)

Nearest Town: Faribault
Primary County: Rice
Survey Date: 08/17/2009
Inventory Number: 66001000

Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete
County Other
County Other


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 677.45
Littoral Area (acres): 634
Maximum Depth (ft): 4
Water Clarity (ft): N/A

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Lake rehabilitation projects reclaim waters suffering from habitat degradation and overpopulation of some fish species.

Fish Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Bigmouth Buffalo Trap net 0.33 0.2 - 1.0 2.54 2.6 - 5.8
Gill net 1.67 0.8 - 7.0 0.16 N/A
Black Bullhead Trap net 0.78 11.5 - 132.6 0.79 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 3.00 30.3 - 150.6 0.13 0.2 - 0.4
Black Crappie Trap net 1.33 1.2 - 20.5 0.21 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 0.17 1.4 - 13.8 0.18 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 0.44 1.2 - 20.0 0.08 0.1 - 0.4
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 1.67 0.3 - 0.9 4.33 2.7 - 3.8
Channel Catfish Gill net 0.67 N/A 4.18 N/A
Common Carp Trap net 37.44 1.0 - 5.5 0.57 1.4 - 4.6
Gill net 11.83 1.0 - 13.8 5.57 0.8 - 3.7
Freshwater Drum Trap net 2.67 0.2 - 3.3 0.05 0.3 - 1.0
Gill net 2.00 0.5 - 8.3 0.49 0.4 - 1.7
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.56 0.2 - 0.7 1.58 0.3 - 1.5
Gill net 0.50 0.2 - 1.5 0.07 0.6 - 1.4
Northern Pike Trap net 0.22 N/A 1.56 N/A
Gill net 0.17 1.1 - 8.0 3.03 1.8 - 3.4
Walleye Gill net 0.33 2.3 - 18.1 3.83 1.0 - 2.3
White Bass Trap net 0.11 0.2 - 0.7 0.03 0.2 - 0.6
Gill net 4.83 0.3 - 9.9 2.07 N/A
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 2.22 0.5 - 2.5 1.38 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 0.83 0.5 - 3.5 0.54 0.3 - 0.7
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.22 0.3 - 3.8 0.12 0.1 - 0.3
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
bigmouth buffalo 10 0 0 2 0 1 0 0 13
black bullhead 9 9 5 2 0 0 0 0 25
black crappie 0 12 1 0 0 0 0 0 13
bluegill 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 13 2 0 15
channel catfish 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 4
common carp 311 1 2 22 0 32 37 1 408
freshwater drum 30 0 4 0 2 0 0 0 36
largemouth bass 6 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 8
northern pike 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 3
walleye 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
white bass 1 2 6 2 19 0 0 0 30
yellow bullhead 0 3 4 15 3 0 0 0 25
yellow perch 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2


For the record, the largest Longnose Gar taken in Minnesota weighed 16 lbs., 12 oz. and was caught:

    Where: St. Croix River, Prescott
    When: 5/4/82
    Statistics: 53" length, 16.5" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2005 Walleye fry 635,520 6.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WELLS
Rice Co., 66001000
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury
White Bass     All sizes   Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WELLS
Rice Co., 66001000
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Bass   All sizes     Mercury

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 08/17/2009)

Wells Lake in Rice County is a 634 acre lake located west of the city of Faribault. The lake can be accessed from Cannon Lake or from a small, county-owned unimproved access located in Velzke County Park. Shorefishing opportunities are present at a fishing pier near the King Mill Dam on the Cannon River, immediately downstream of Wells Lake, or from shore on Rice County Road 12/Cannon Lake Trail.

Wells Lake was surveyed the week of August 17th, 2009 to monitor the fish community. Common carp were the most abundant fish in both trap and gill nets. In particular, young of the year carp were abundant in trap nets. Carp are well suited to the turbid, low water quality of Wells Lake.

White bass were the most abundant game fish sampled at just under five fish per gill net lift. White bass ranged from 9 to 18 inches in length. Average white bass size was 14.7 inches and 2.1 pounds.

Black crappie, bluegill, northern pike, walleye, largemouth bass, and channel catfish were all sampled at low or even trace levels. General poor water quality and a lack of aquatic vegetation limits game fish presence and abundance. Also sampled in the survey were freshwater drum (sheepshead), bigmouth buffalo, black bullhead, yellow bullhead, and bowfin (dogfish).

Anglers can help maintain or improve the quality of fishing by practicing selective harvest. Selective harvest allows for the harvest of smaller fish for table fare, but encourages release of medium- to large-sized fish. Releasing these fish can help maintain balance in the fish community in Wells Lake and provide anglers the opportunity to catch more and larger fish in the future.

Shoreline areas on the land and into the shallow water provide essential habitat for fish and wildlife that live in or near Minnesota s lakes. Overdeveloped shorelines cannot support the fish, wildlife, and clean water that are associated with natural undeveloped lakes. Shoreline habitat consists of aquatic plants, woody plants, and natural lake bottom soils.

Plants in the water and at the water's edge provide habitat, prevent erosion, and absorb excess nutrients. Shrubs, trees, and woody debris such as fallen trees or limbs provide good habitat both above and below the water and should be left in place. By leaving a buffer strip of natural vegetation along the shoreline, property owners can reduce erosion, help maintain water quality, and provide habitat and travel corridors for wildlife.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
PO Box 86
50317 Fish Hatchery Rd
Waterville, MN 56096-0086
Phone: (507) 362-4223
Internet: Waterville Fisheries
E-Mail: Waterville.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C0504 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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