Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Whiteface Reservoir

Nearest Town: Markham
Primary County: St. Louis
Survey Date: 07/30/2012
Inventory Number: 69037500

Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Unknown Earthen
County Earthen
Private Property Concrete
US Forest Service Gravel


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 4567.47
Littoral Area (acres): 4480
Maximum Depth (ft): 35
Water Clarity (ft): 4.1 (3.1-5)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): 1.0 (0-4)


Did you know? Ongoing habitat improvement and maintenance work is conducted on trout streams that have publicly owned land or easements.

Fish Sampled for the 2012 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 3.11 0.3 - 4.6 0.30 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 2.87 0.4 - 4.0 0.25 0.1 - 0.5
Bluegill Trap net 2.72 0.9 - 8.3 0.33 0.1 - 0.4
Gill net 0.40 N/A 0.52 N/A
Northern Pike Trap net 1.89 N/A 1.96 N/A
Gill net 0.87 2.0 - 6.0 3.28 1.3 - 2.5
Pumpkinseed Trap net 0.72 0.4 - 3.6 0.14 0.1 - 0.2
Rock Bass Trap net 0.28 0.2 - 1.1 0.32 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 0.47 0.2 - 1.6 0.31 0.3 - 0.5
Walleye Trap net 2.78 0.6 - 2.0 1.00 1.0 - 1.9
Gill net 7.67 3.2 - 13.7 0.75 0.8 - 1.3
White Sucker Trap net 0.83 0.3 - 2.1 3.10 1.6 - 2.8
Gill net 6.33 3.0 - 11.0 2.04 1.4 - 2.4
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.61 0.4 - 1.8 0.20 0.1 - 0.4
Gill net 1.80 4.7 - 15.8 0.23 0.2 - 0.3
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2012 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 2 92 4 0 0 0 0 0 99
bluegill 18 34 3 0 0 0 0 0 55
northern pike 0 0 0 5 9 27 4 2 47
pumpkinseed 11 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 13
rock bass 4 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 12
walleye 6 39 39 27 48 5 0 0 165
white sucker 0 4 15 10 72 9 0 0 110
yellow perch 15 14 5 0 0 0 0 0 38


For the record, the largest Northern Pike taken in Minnesota weighed 45 lbs., 12 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Basswood Lake, Lake County
    When: 5/16/29

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/30/2012)

Whiteface Reservoir was established in 1923 as a hydropower water storage reservoir when earthen dams were constructed on the Whiteface River and Skunk Creek. Much of the reservoir basin is flooded forest. At summertime highs, the reservoir occupies 5600 acres and has a maximum depth of 35 feet. The reservoir is located 1 mile east of Markham, MN. Whiteface was last surveyed in 2007. Whiteface was assessed during the summer of 2012 to update information about fish populations.

Walleye have not been stocked into Whiteface since 1970 because sufficient natural reproduction has been documented to sustain the walleye fishery. Walleye abundance of 7.7 per gillnet lift was down from 2007 (9.6) and was average compared to other Minnesota lakes of similar type. Walleye mean length was 12.3 inches and growth was slow when compared to other Duluth Area lakes. Growth has remained slow for walleyes in Whiteface over the past five investigations. Recruitment was consistent with all year-classes present from 2001 through 2012.

Northern pike abundance of 0.9 per gillnet lift was up from 2007 (1.2) and was below average compared to other Minnesota lakes of similar type. This sample represents the lowest abundance of northern pike on Whiteface, and abundance has been decreasing steadily over the last 5 investigations dating back to 1989. Average length was good at 24.5 inches and growth was average when compared to other Duluth Area lakes. All year-classes from 2005 through 2011 were represented.

Black crappie abundance of 3.1 per trapnet lift was up from 2007 (2.9) and average when compared to other Minnesota lakes of similar type. Black crappie abundance has been increasing steadily for the past five investigations, dating back to 1986. Black crappie mean length was 7.8 inches, and growth was fast when compared to other Duluth Area lakes. All year-classes from 2006 to 2011 were represented, except 2007. The 2010 year-class was strong, contributing to 72% of the overall catch.

Bluegill abundance of 2.7 per trapnet lift was down from 2007 (2.9) and average when compared to other Minnesota lakes of similar type. Average size was 6.7 inches and growth was average when compared to other Duluth Area lakes. Thirty-one percent of the fish captured were greater than 8 inches. All year-classes from 2003 to 2010 were represented.

Yellow perch abundance of 1.8 per gillnet lift was up from 2007 (1.6) but still below average compared to other Minnesota lakes of similar type. Average length of perch was 7.3 inches and growth was fast when compared to other Duluth Area lakes. All year-classes from 2006 to 2010 were represented.

Other fish species sampled include rock bass, pumpkinseed sunfish and white sucker.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
5351 North Shore Dr
Duluth, MN 55804
Phone: (218) 525-0853
Internet: Duluth Fisheries
E-Mail: Duluth.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0431 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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