Trees & shrubs

Plants


White ash (Fraxinus americana)

White ash trunk
White ash trunk
White ash tree
White ash tree
White ash leaves
White ash leaves
White ash seeds
White ash seeds

Form

Large tree; tall and often graceful trunk; average height 50' to 80' with a diameter of up to 24"; rounded to pyramidal crown.

Bark

Dark and nearly smooth on young twigs and branches; greenish-brown on older trees; narrow ridges are separated with marked regularities by deep diamond-shaped fissures.

Leaf

Opposite on stem, length 8" to 12", pinnately compound with five to nine plainly stalked, sharp-pointed leaflets; dark green and smooth above, pale green or whitish beneath; turns yellow or purple in autumn.

Fruit (seed)

Winged samara, 1" to 2" long; resembles canoe paddle blade with seed toward handle end; seeds mature in autumn and are distributed effectively by the wind.

Range

Found only in southeastern part of the state; grows best in rich soil; intermediate in shade tolerance.

Wood

Light brown, close-grained, heavy, tough and elastic; preferred to all native woods for making tool handles and athletic and sports equipment; also used for agricultural implements, furniture, interior finishes, posts, ties, fuel, and for ornamental purposes.