Examples of mantle display and glochidia release behaviors in freshwater mussels, Tribe Quadrulini

The images and videos provided here is supplemental information associated with a published article describing glochidia brooding behaviors in Cyclonaias tuberculata, Quadrula fragosa, Quadrula metanevra, Quadrula pustulosa, and Tritogonia verrucosa.

Sietman, B. E., J. M. Davis, and M. C. Hove. 2012. Mantle display and glochidia release behaviors of five quadruline freshwater mussel species (Bivalvia: Unionidae). American Malacological Bulletin 30(1): 39-46.

Winged Mapleleaf mussel Quadrula fragosa

Purple wartyback Cyclonaias tuberculata

Winged Mapleleaf
Quadrula fragosa

Monkeyface Quadrula metanevra

Pimpleback Quadrula pustulosa

Pistolgrip Tritogonia verrucosa