Minnesota Breeding Bird Map List

This bird list includes 246 species found by MBS during the breeding season. See About the Bird List for an explanation of which species are included and descriptions of the fields. See Other Bird Resources for additional information on birds breeding in Minnesota.


To find the map for a particular species scroll through the list below or search by common name

Accessible list with number of records per species per county.

 

Map Common name Scientific name Rank Habitat Records
Ducks, Geese, & Swans

Canada Goose

Branta canadensis  

wetland

730

Trumpeter Swan

Cygnus buccinator

SPC

wetland

208

Wood Duck

Aix sponsa  

wetland

618

Gadwall

Anas strepera  

wetland

91

American Wigeon

Anas americana  

wetland

27

American Black Duck

Anas rubripes

sgcn

wetland

31

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos  

wetland

1174

Blue-winged Teal

Anas discors  

wetland

470

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata  

wetland

85

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

sgcn

wetland

32

Green-winged Teal

Anas crecca  

wetland

78

Canvasback

Aythya valisineria  

wetland

46

Redhead

Aythya americana  

wetland

112

Ring-necked Duck

Aythya collaris  

wetland

290

Lesser Scaup

Aythya affinis

sgcn

wetland

13

Bufflehead

Bucephala albeola  

wetland

2

Common Goldeneye

Bucephala clangula  

wetland

118

Hooded Merganser

Lophodytes cucullatus  

wetland

180

Common Merganser

Mergus merganser

 

wetland

48

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator  

wetland

1

Ruddy Duck

Oxyura jamaicensis  

wetland

134
New World Quail

Northern Bobwhite

Colinus virginianus  

fragmented

2
Partridge, Grouse, & Turkeys

Gray Partridge

Perdix perdix  

open upland

28

Ring-necked Pheasant

Phasianus colchicus  

open upland

813

Ruffed Grouse

Bonasa umbellus  

deciduous forest

304

Spruce Grouse

Falcipennis canadensis

sgcn

coniferous forest

17

Sharp-tailed Grouse

Tympanuchus phasianellus

sgcn

open upland

55

Greater Prairie-Chicken

Tympanuchus cupido

SPC

open upland

60

Wild Turkey

Meleagris gallopavo  

deciduous forest

120
Loons

Common Loon

Gavia immer

sgcn

wetland

655
Grebes

Pied-billed Grebe

Podilymbus podiceps  

wetland

357

Horned Grebe

Podiceps auritus

END

wetland

3

Red-necked Grebe

Podiceps grisegena

sgcn

wetland

130

Eared Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

sgcn

wetland

20

Western Grebe

Aechmophorus occidentalis

sgcn

wetland

48

Clark's Grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii  

wetland

1
Cormorants

Double-crested Cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus  

wetland

231
Pelicans

American White Pelican

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

SPC

wetland

297
Herons & Bitterns

American Bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

sgcn

wetland

353

Least Bittern

Ixobrychus exilis

sgcn

wetland

68

Great Blue Heron

Ardea herodias  

wetland

657

Great Egret

Ardea alba  

wetland

183

Snowy Egret

Egretta thula  

wetland

2

Little Blue Heron

Egretta caerulea  

wetland

1

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis  

open upland

9

Green Heron

Butorides virescens  

wetland

188

Black-crowned Night-Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

sgcn

wetland

78

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron

Nyctanassa violacea  

wetland

1
New World Vultures

Turkey Vulture

Cathartes aura  

fragmented

214
Osprey

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus  

wetland

79
Hawks & Eagles

Bald Eagle

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

sgcn

wetland

188

Northern Harrier

Circus cyaneus

sgcn

wetland

473

Sharp-shinned Hawk

Accipiter striatus  

coniferous forest

20

Cooper's Hawk

Accipiter cooperii  

deciduous forest

90

Northern Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

SPC

coniferous forest

13

Red-shouldered Hawk

Buteo lineatus

SPC

deciduous forest

334

Broad-winged Hawk

Buteo platypterus  

mixed forest

233

Swainson's Hawk

Buteo swainsoni

sgcn

open upland

86

Red-tailed Hawk

Buteo jamaicensis  

fragmented

506
Rails, Gallinules, & Coots

Yellow Rail

Coturnicops noveboracensis

SPC

wetland

155

Virginia Rail

Rallus limicola

sgcn

wetland

145

Sora

Porzana carolina  

wetland

408

Common Gallinule

Gallinula galeata

SPC

wetland 15

American Coot

Fulica americana  

wetland

189
Cranes

Sandhill Crane

Grus canadensis

sgcn

wetland

633
Plovers

Killdeer

Charadrius vociferus  

open upland

799
Sandpipers & Phalaropes

Spotted Sandpiper

Actitis macularius  

wetland

103

Solitary Sandpiper

Tringa solitaria  

coniferous forest

1

Willet

Tringa semipalmata  

wetland

2

Upland Sandpiper

Bartramia longicauda

sgcn

open upland

545

Marbled Godwit

Limosa fedoa

SPC

open upland

286

Wilson's Snipe

Gallinago delicata  

wetland

687

American Woodcock

Scolopax minor

sgcn

deciduous forest

89

Wilson's Phalarope

Phalaropus tricolor

THR

wetland

69
Gulls & Terns

Franklin's Gull

Leucophaeus pipixcan

SPC

wetland

104

Ring-billed Gull

Larus delawarensis  

wetland

148

Herring Gull

Larus argentatus  

wetland

66

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

sgcn

wetland

475

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

THR

wetland

15

Forster's Tern

Sterna forsteri

SPC

wetland

100
Pigeons & Doves

Rock Pigeon

Columba livia  

fragmented

143

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Streptopelia decaocto  

fragmented

7

Mourning Dove

Zenaida macroura  

fragmented

1805
Cuckoos

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus americanus

 

deciduous forest

167

Black-billed Cuckoo

Coccyzus erythropthalmus

sgcn

fragmented

514
Typical Owls

Eastern Screech-Owl

Megascops asio  

deciduous forest

2

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus  

fragmented

73

Northern Hawk Owl

Surnia ulula  

coniferous forest

3

Barred Owl

Strix varia  

deciduous forest

73

Great Gray Owl

Strix nebulosa  

coniferous forest

15

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus  

mixed forest

1

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

SPC

wetland

20

Boreal Owl

Aegolius funereus

SPC

coniferous forest

1

Northern Saw-whet Owl

Aegolius acadicus  

coniferous forest

16
Nightjars

Common Nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

sgcn

fragmented

84

Eastern Whip-poor-will

Antrostomus vociferus

sgcn

mixed forest

67
Swifts

Chimney Swift

Chaetura pelagica

 

fragmented

168
Hummingbirds

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

Archilochus colubris  

deciduous forest

276
Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher

Megaceryle alcyon

 

wetland

290
Woodpeckers

Red-headed Woodpecker

Melanerpes erythrocephalus

sgcn

fragmented

320

Red-bellied Woodpecker

Melanerpes carolinus  

deciduous forest

494

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker

Sphyrapicus varius

sgcn

mixed forest

1165

Downy Woodpecker

Picoides pubescens  

deciduous forest

699

Hairy Woodpecker

Picoides villosus  

mixed forest

747

American Three-toed Woodpecker

Picoides dorsalis  

coniferous forest

5

Black-backed Woodpecker

Picoides arcticus

sgcn

coniferous forest

139

Northern Flicker

Colaptes auratus

 

mixed forest

1014

Pileated Woodpecker

Dryocopus pileatus  

mixed forest

772
Falcons

American Kestrel

Falco sparverius

 

open upland

279

Merlin

Falco columbarius  

coniferous forest

49

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

SPC

fragmented

5
Tyrant Flycatchers

Olive-sided Flycatcher

Contopus cooperi

sgcn

coniferous forest

145

Western Wood-Pewee

Contopus sordidulus  

mixed forest

1

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Contopus virens

sgcn

mixed forest

1932

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher

Empidonax flaviventris  

coniferous forest

635

Acadian Flycatcher

Empidonax virescens

SPC

deciduous forest

54

Alder Flycatcher

Empidonax alnorum  

fragmented

1314

Willow Flycatcher

Empidonax traillii

sgcn

fragmented

438

Least Flycatcher

Empidonax minimus

sgcn

mixed forest

1627

Eastern Phoebe

Sayornis phoebe  

fragmented

300

Great Crested Flycatcher

Myiarchus crinitus  

deciduous forest

1866

Western Kingbird

Tyrannus verticalis

 

open upland

112

Eastern Kingbird

Tyrannus tyrannus  

open upland

1086
Shrikes

Loggerhead Shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

END

open upland

33
Vireos

White-eyed Vireo

Vireo griseus  

fragmented

1

Bell's Vireo

Vireo bellii

SPC

fragmented

12

Yellow-throated Vireo

Vireo flavifrons  

deciduous forest

924

Blue-headed Vireo

Vireo solitarius  

coniferous forest

355

Warbling Vireo

Vireo gilvus  

deciduous forest

744

Philadelphia Vireo

Vireo philadelphicus

sgcn

mixed forest

19

Red-eyed Vireo

Vireo olivaceus  

mixed forest

4253
Jays & Crows

Gray Jay

Perisoreus canadensis  

coniferous forest

369

Blue Jay

Cyanocitta cristata  

mixed forest

2493

Black-billed Magpie

Pica hudsonia  

fragmented

195

American Crow

Corvus brachyrhynchos  

fragmented

2599

Common Raven

Corvus corax  

mixed forest

555
Larks

Horned Lark

Eremophila alpestris  

open upland

178
Swallows

Purple Martin

Progne subis

SPC

fragmented

101

Tree Swallow

Tachycineta bicolor  

fragmented

1242

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

Stelgidopteryx
serripennis

sgcn

fragmented

197

Bank Swallow

Riparia riparia  

open upland

277

Cliff Swallow

Petrochelidon pyrrhonota  

fragmented

382

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica  

open upland

889
Chickadees & Titmice

Black-capped Chickadee

Poecile atricapillus  

fragmented

1502

Boreal Chickadee

Poecile hudsonicus

sgcn

coniferous forest

74

Tufted Titmouse

Baeolophus bicolor  

deciduous forest

16
Nuthatches

Red-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta canadensis  

coniferous forest

808

White-breasted Nuthatch

Sitta carolinensis  

deciduous forest

961
Creepers

Brown Creeper

Certhia americana  

mixed forest

250
Wrens

Rock Wren

Salpinctes obsoletus  

open upland

1

House Wren

Troglodytes aedon  

deciduous forest

1600

Winter Wren

Troglodytes hiemalis

sgcn

coniferous forest

714

Sedge Wren

Cistothorus platensis

sgcn

wetland

1983

Marsh Wren

Cistothorus palustris

sgcn

wetland

893
Gnatcatchers

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Polioptila caerulea  

deciduous forest

362
Kinglets

Golden-crowned Kinglet

Regulus satrapa  

coniferous forest

350

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

Regulus calendula  

coniferous forest

341
Thrushes

Eastern Bluebird

Sialia sialis  

fragmented

371

Mountain Bluebird

Sialia currucoides  

open upland

1

Veery

Catharus fuscescens

sgcn

mixed forest

2277

Swainson's Thrush

Catharus ustulatus  

coniferous forest

362

Hermit Thrush

Catharus guttatus  

coniferous forest

1178

Wood Thrush

Hylocichla mustelina

sgcn

deciduous forest

422

American Robin

Turdus migratorius  

fragmented

2466
Mockingbirds & Thrashers

Gray Catbird

Dumetella carolinensis  

fragmented

1430

Brown Thrasher

Toxostoma rufum

sgcn

fragmented

416

Northern Mockingbird

Mimus polyglottos  

fragmented

1
Starlings

European Starling

Sturnus vulgaris  

fragmented

396
Pipits

Sprague's Pipit

Anthus spragueii

END

open upland

3
Waxwings

Cedar Waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum  

deciduous forest

928
Longspurs

Chestnut-collared Longspur

Calcarius ornatus

END

open upland

3
New World Warblers

Ovenbird

Seiurus aurocapilla

sgcn

deciduous forest

3409

Louisiana Waterthrush

Parkesia motacilla

SPC

deciduous forest

83

Northern Waterthrush

Parkesia noveboracensis  

coniferous forest

328

Golden-winged Warbler

Vermivora chrysoptera

sgcn

coniferous forest

547

Blue-winged Warbler

Vermivora cyanoptera

sgcn

deciduous forest

107

Black-and-white Warbler

Mniotilta varia  

coniferous forest

967

Prothonotary Warbler

Protonotaria citrea

sgcn

deciduous forest

56

Tennessee Warbler

Oreothlypis peregrina  

coniferous forest

163

Nashville Warbler

Oreothlypis ruficapilla  

coniferous forest

2078

Connecticut Warbler

Oporornis agilis

sgcn

coniferous forest

248

Mourning Warbler

Geothlypis philadelphia  

deciduous forest

744

Kentucky Warbler

Geothlypis formosa  

deciduous forest

2

Common Yellowthroat

Geothlypis trichas  

fragmented

4616

Hooded Warbler

Setophaga citrina

SPC

deciduous forest

4

American Redstart

Setophaga ruticilla  

deciduous forest

1522

Cape May Warbler

Setophaga tigrina

sgcn

coniferous forest

155

Cerulean Warbler

Setophaga cerulea

SPC

deciduous forest

138

Northern Parula

Setophaga americana  

coniferous forest

524

Magnolia Warbler

Setophaga magnolia  

coniferous forest

619

Bay-breasted Warbler

Setophaga castanea

sgcn

coniferous forest

16

Blackburnian Warbler

Setophaga fusca  

coniferous forest

526

Yellow Warbler

Setophaga petechia  

fragmented

1979

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Setophaga pensylvanica  

deciduous forest

1290

Black-throated Blue Warbler

Setophaga caerulescens

sgcn

coniferous forest

288

Palm Warbler

Setophaga palmarum  

coniferous forest

249

Pine Warbler

Setophaga pinus  

coniferous forest

477

Yellow-rumped Warbler

Setophaga coronata  

coniferous forest

650

Black-throated Green Warbler

Setophaga virens  

coniferous forest

881

Canada Warbler

Cardellina canadensis

sgcn

coniferous forest

447

Wilson's Warbler

Cardellina pusilla  

coniferous forest

34

Yellow-breasted Chat

Icteria virens  

open upland

1
Towhees & Sparrows

Eastern Towhee

Pipilo erythrophthalmus

 

mixed forest

280

Chipping Sparrow

Spizella passerina  

coniferous forest

973

Clay-colored Sparrow

Spizella pallida  

open upland

1562

Field Sparrow

Spizella pusilla

sgcn

open upland

570

Vesper Sparrow

Pooecetes gramineus  

open upland

490

Lark Sparrow

Chondestes grammacus

SPC

open upland

61

Lark Bunting

Calamospiza melanocorys  

open upland

4

Savannah Sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis  

open upland

1465

Grasshopper Sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

sgcn

open upland

529

Baird's Sparrow

Ammodramus bairdii

END

open upland

1

Henslow's Sparrow

Ammodramus henslowii

END

open upland

80

Le Conte's Sparrow

Ammodramus leconteii

sgcn

wetland

464

Nelson's Sparrow

Ammodramus nelsoni

SPC

wetland

115

Song Sparrow

Melospiza melodia  

fragmented

3228

Lincoln's Sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii  

coniferous forest

316

Swamp Sparrow

Melospiza georgiana

sgcn

wetland

2249

White-throated Sparrow

Zonotrichia albicollis

sgcn

coniferous forest

1805

Dark-eyed Junco

Junco hyemalis  

coniferous forest

100
Tanagers, Cardinals, & Grosbeaks

Summer Tanager

Piranga rubra  

deciduous forest

2

Scarlet Tanager

Piranga olivacea  

deciduous forest

1149

Northern Cardinal

Cardinalis cardinalis  

deciduous forest

605

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Pheucticus ludovicianus

sgcn

deciduous forest

1849

Blue Grosbeak

Passerina caerulea  

framented

69

Indigo Bunting

Passerina cyanea  

deciduous forest

913

Dickcissel

Spiza americana

sgcn

open upland

575
New World Blackbirds & Orioles

Bobolink

Dolichonyx oryzivorus

sgcn

open upland

1653

Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus  

fragmented

3426

Eastern Meadowlark

Sturnella magna

 

open upland

256

Western Meadowlark

Sturnella neglecta

 

open upland

931

Yellow-headed Blackbird

Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

sgcn

wetland

861

Brewer's Blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus  

open upland

284

Common Grackle

Quiscalus quiscula  

fragmented

1161

Great-tailed Grackle

Quiscalus mexicanus  

wetland

22

Brown-headed Cowbird

Molothrus ater  

fragmented

2142

Orchard Oriole

Icterus spurius  

fragmented

320

Baltimore Oriole

Icterus galbula  

deciduous forest

1066
Finches

House Finch

Haemorhous mexicanus  

fragmented

65

Purple Finch

Haemorhous purpureus

 

coniferous forest

438

Red Crossbill

Loxia curvirostra  

coniferous forest

33

White-winged Crossbill

Loxia leucoptera  

coniferous forest

61

Pine Siskin

Spinus pinus  

coniferous forest

53

American Goldfinch

Spinus tristis  

fragmented

2303

Evening Grosbeak

Coccothraustes vespertinus

 

coniferous forest

114
Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus  

fragmented

134