Tornadoes and Large Hail over Central and Southern Minnesota: August 24, 2006

A rather deep low pressure area for August situated over southeast South Dakota set the stage for a tornado outbreak over southern Minnesota and eastern South Dakota. There were two tornadoes reported over south central Minnesota. One was a weak tornado near New Ulm. The other was much stronger and lasted nearly an hour. This tornado began 4 miles west-southwest of Nicollet and moved almost due east for 33 miles where it dissipated near Waterville in Le Sueur County. The tornado was intense, damaging farms and homes. There were 37 injuries and the tornado caused the death of an elderly man who lived at Lake Emily near Kasota. This was the first death due to a tornado in Minnesota in six years. The last death was at Granite Falls on July 25, 2000. See the storm reports for August 24. See the report for the August 24, 2006 severe weather event by the National Weather Service in Chanhassen.

Large and destructive hail was a common characteristic of the storms over southern Minnesota. Hail the size of baseballs (2.75 inches) fell in some areas. The largest hail reported was grapefruit size at New Prage in Scott County.

A preliminary local storm report summary from the National Weather Service in Chanhassen can be seen below.

PRELIMINARY LOCAL STORM REPORT...SUMMARY
NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE TWIN CITIES/CHANHASSEN MN
725 AM CDT FRI AUG 25 2006

..TIME...   ...EVENT...      ...CITY LOCATION...     ...LAT.LON...
..DATE...   ....MAG....      ..COUNTY LOCATION..ST.. ...SOURCE....
            ..REMARKS..

0820 AM     HAIL             HAMBURG                 44.73N 93.96W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       CARVER             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0822 AM     HAIL             PLATO                   44.77N 94.04W 
08/24/2006  E1.50 INCH       MCLEOD             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0825 AM     HAIL             PLATO                   44.77N 94.04W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       MCLEOD             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0830 AM     HAIL             6 W BELLE PLAINE        44.62N 93.89W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       SIBLEY             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0840 AM     HAIL             BELLE PLAINE            44.62N 93.76W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       SCOTT              MN   PUBLIC          

0841 AM     HAIL             BELLE PLAINE            44.62N 93.76W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0843 AM     HAIL             PLATO                   44.77N 94.04W 
08/24/2006  E1.25 INCH       MCLEOD             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0850 AM     HAIL             NORWOOD/YOUNG AMERICA   44.78N 93.92W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       CARVER             MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

0850 AM     HAIL             NORWOOD/YOUNG AMERICA   44.78N 93.92W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       CARVER             MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

0851 AM     HAIL             2 N NEW PRAGUE          44.58N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0900 AM     HAIL             2 ESE NEW PRAGUE        44.54N 93.54W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       LE SUEUR           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0910 AM     HAIL             2 NW BELLE PLAINE       44.64N 93.79W 
08/24/2006  M3.00 INCH       SIBLEY             MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

            3.1 INCH HAIL

0935 AM     HAIL             BELLE PLAINE            44.62N 93.76W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       SCOTT              MN   PUBLIC          

0940 AM     HAIL             BELLE PLAINE            44.62N 93.76W 
08/24/2006  M2.50 INCH       SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

0950 AM     HAIL             1 N NEW PRAGUE          44.56N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  M2.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0950 AM     HAIL             1 S NEW PRAGUE          44.53N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  M2.75 INCH       LE SUEUR           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0952 AM     HAIL             NEW PRAGUE              44.55N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  E4.25 INCH       SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

            HAIL WILL BE MEASURED WHEN SAFE TO MOVE FROM SHELTER.

0956 AM     HAIL             2 N NEW PRAGUE          44.58N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1000 AM     HAIL             5 ESE NEW PRAGUE        44.52N 93.48W 
08/24/2006  M3.00 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1005 AM     HAIL             KENYON                  44.27N 92.99W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   POST OFFICE     

1013 AM     HAIL             2 S NEW MARKET          44.54N 93.35W 
08/24/2006  E1.50 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1016 AM     HAIL             JORDAN                  44.67N 93.63W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1019 AM     HAIL             DENNISON                44.40N 93.03W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1032 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       RICE               MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1032 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  M1.25 INCH       RICE               MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1034 AM     HAIL             2 N NORTHFIELD          44.48N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  M1.25 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1036 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  M1.25 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1047 AM     HAIL             PRIOR LAKE              44.73N 93.43W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1050 AM     HAIL             ZUMBROTA                44.29N 92.67W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1052 AM     HAIL             1 E ELKO                44.57N 93.30W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       SCOTT              MN   COUNTY OFFICIAL 

            OBSERVED AT INTERSECTION OF CR-2 AND I-35.

1055 AM     TSTM WND DMG     ELKO                    44.57N 93.32W 
08/24/2006                   SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

            A FEW TREES DOWN ON EAST EDGE OF ELKO.

1055 AM     HAIL             NEW MARKET              44.57N 93.35W 
08/24/2006  E3.00 INCH       SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1059 AM     HAIL             1 S NEW MARKET          44.56N 93.35W 
08/24/2006  M3.00 INCH       SCOTT              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1100 AM     HAIL             1 N WEBSTER             44.54N 93.35W 
08/24/2006  E1.25 INCH       SCOTT              MN   EMERGENCY MNGR  

1103 AM     HAIL             WANAMINGO               44.31N 92.79W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1115 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1116 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1120 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  E2.75 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            KNOCKING TREE LIMBS DOWN AND BREAKING WINDSHIELDS

1122 AM     HAIL             DUNDAS                  44.43N 93.20W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1126 AM     HAIL             NORTHFIELD              44.45N 93.17W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       RICE               MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1133 AM     HAIL             LAKEVILLE               44.68N 93.24W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1136 AM     HAIL             LAKEVILLE               44.68N 93.24W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            OBSERVED AT INTERSECTION OF CR-46 AND I-35

1140 AM     HAIL             1 S STANTON             44.46N 93.02W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1140 AM     HAIL             APPLE VALLEY            44.75N 93.20W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1140 AM     HAIL             APPLE VALLEY            44.75N 93.20W 
08/24/2006  M1.00 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            OBSERVED AT INTERSECTION OF CR-42 AND CEDAR. SOME MINOR 
            DAMAGE TO VEHICLES AND SIGNS.

1141 AM     HAIL             APPLE VALLEY            44.75N 93.20W 
08/24/2006  E2.00 INCH       DAKOTA             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            HAIL COVERING GROUND.

1148 AM     HAIL             NERSTRAND               44.34N 93.06W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1150 AM     HAIL             3 N KENYON              44.32N 92.99W 
08/24/2006  E2.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1156 AM     HAIL             CLEARWATER              45.41N 94.04W 
08/24/2006  E1.50 INCH       WRIGHT             MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1158 AM     HAIL             WANAMINGO               44.31N 92.79W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

            BREAKING CAR WINDOWS

1202 PM     HAIL             5 N KENYON              44.34N 92.99W 
08/24/2006  E2.75 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            BASEBALL SIZE HAIL LASTED FOR APPROXIMATELY 2 MINUTES. 
            SIGNFICANT DAMAGE TO CORN CROPS. 

1202 PM     HAIL             ZUMBROTA                44.29N 92.67W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   CO-OP OBSERVER  

1215 PM     HAIL             MONTICELLO              45.30N 93.80W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       WRIGHT             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1215 PM     HAIL             ZUMBROTA                44.29N 92.67W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       GOODHUE            MN   POST OFFICE     

1250 PM     HAIL             ST MICHAEL              45.21N 93.66W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WRIGHT             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0110 PM     HAIL             ST MICHAEL              45.21N 93.66W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       WRIGHT             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0110 PM     HAIL             ROGERS                  45.19N 93.55W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       HENNEPIN           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            HAIL ONGOING SINCE 100 PM CDT.

0122 PM     HAIL             ROGERS                  45.19N 93.55W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       HENNEPIN           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            OBSERVED AT ROGERS EXIT ON I-94.

0130 PM     HAIL             DAYTON                  45.19N 93.47W 
08/24/2006  E2.75 INCH       HENNEPIN           MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

0138 PM     HAIL             CHAMPLIN                45.17N 93.39W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       HENNEPIN           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0140 PM     HAIL             ANDOVER                 45.26N 93.33W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0145 PM     HAIL             ANDOVER                 45.26N 93.33W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0146 PM     HAIL             COON RAPIDS             45.17N 93.31W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0148 PM     HAIL             ANOKA                   45.21N 93.39W 
08/24/2006  M2.00 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0149 PM     HAIL             COON RAPIDS             45.17N 93.31W 
08/24/2006  E1.25 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0150 PM     HAIL             ANOKA                   45.21N 93.39W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0156 PM     HAIL             ANOKA                   45.21N 93.39W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            DOWNTOWN ANOKA...BROKEN WINDOWS AND POOLING OF WATER.

0200 PM     HAIL             BLAINE                  45.17N 93.21W 
08/24/2006  E1.50 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0203 PM     HAIL             BLAINE                  45.17N 93.21W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0310 PM     HAIL             5 SE FOLEY              45.61N 93.84W 
08/24/2006  M1.75 INCH       BENTON             MN   PUBLIC          

            6 INCHES STANDING WATER INYARD

0310 PM     HAIL             5 SE FOLEY              45.61N 93.84W 
08/24/2006  M1.75 INCH       BENTON             MN   PUBLIC          

            6 INCHES STANDING WATER IN YARD

0315 PM     HAIL             2 E MAPLEWOOD           44.99N 92.98W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       RAMSEY             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0316 PM     HAIL             LAKE ELMO               45.00N 92.91W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WASHINGTON         MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0316 PM     HAIL             3 E MAPLEWOOD           44.99N 92.96W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WASHINGTON         MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0317 PM     HAIL             LAKE ELMO               45.00N 92.91W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WASHINGTON         MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0325 PM     HAIL             3 NW PRINCETON          45.60N 93.63W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       MILLE LACS         MN   PUBLIC          

0329 PM     HAIL             ST FRANCIS              45.44N 93.31W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       ISANTI             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            NEAR HWY 47 AND 28

0330 PM     HAIL             BAYPORT                 45.02N 92.78W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WASHINGTON         MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0343 PM     HAIL             HUDSON                  44.97N 92.74W 
08/24/2006  M0.75 INCH       ST. CROIX          WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0345 PM     HAIL             1 S ROBERTS             44.97N 92.55W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       ST. CROIX          WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0346 PM     HAIL             3 N ROBERTS             45.03N 92.55W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       ST. CROIX          WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0347 PM     HAIL             VILLARD                 45.71N 95.27W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       POPE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0350 PM     HAIL             4 SW OSAKIS             45.82N 95.21W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       DOUGLAS            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0350 PM     HAIL             1 W FORADA              45.79N 95.38W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       DOUGLAS            MN   NWS EMPLOYEE    

0355 PM     HAIL             VILLARD                 45.71N 95.27W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       POPE               MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

0407 PM     HAIL             1 S GILMAN              45.72N 93.95W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       BENTON             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            OBSERVED AT INTERSECTION OF HWY 14 AND 65

0413 PM     HAIL             ELROSA                  45.56N 94.95W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       STEARNS            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0416 PM     HAIL             SAUK CENTRE             45.74N 94.96W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       STEARNS            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            HAIL NICKEL OCCASIONAL QUARTER SIZE

0420 PM     HAIL             4 S ELMWOOD             44.72N 92.15W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       PIERCE             WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            HAIL LASTED 5 MINUTES.

0420 PM     HAIL             2 E ELLSWORTH           44.74N 92.44W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       PIERCE             WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0422 PM     HAIL             3 SE SAUK CENTRE        45.71N 94.91W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       STEARNS            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0425 PM     HAIL             ELMWOOD                 44.78N 92.15W 
08/24/2006  E2.50 INCH       PIERCE             WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0437 PM     HAIL             NEW MUNICH              45.63N 94.75W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       STEARNS            MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

0444 PM     HAIL             10 S MENOMONIE          44.74N 91.91W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       DUNN               WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0450 PM     HAIL             12 SSE MENOMONIE        44.73N 91.82W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       DUNN               WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            1 1/8 INCH HAIL.

0456 PM     HAIL             AVON                    45.61N 94.45W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       STEARNS            MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

0456 PM     HAIL             RICHMOND                45.45N 94.52W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       STEARNS            MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

0456 PM     HAIL             1 E ROBERTS             44.99N 92.53W 
08/24/2006  M1.75 INCH       ST. CROIX          WI   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0508 PM     FUNNEL CLOUD     COURTLAND               44.27N 94.34W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   BROADCAST MEDIA 

0510 PM     HAIL             ST JOSEPH               45.57N 94.32W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       STEARNS            MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0529 PM     HAIL             CLEAR LAKE              45.45N 94.00W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       SHERBURNE          MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0533 PM     TORNADO          2 NW NORTH MANKATO      44.20N 94.06W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0533 PM     TORNADO          2 S NICOLLET            44.25N 94.19W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            NUMEROUS REPORTS FROM SPOTTERS AND CHASERS.

0539 PM     TORNADO          1 E NICOLLET            44.28N 94.17W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            NWS VOLUNTEER REPORTED STOVE TYPE TORNADO WITH MULTIPLE 
            VORTICIES. 

0550 PM     HAIL             MONTICELLO              45.30N 93.80W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       WRIGHT             MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0553 PM     TORNADO          ST PETER                44.33N 93.96W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            TORNADO VERY NEAR ST PETER. MULTIPLE REPORTS.

0555 PM     TORNADO          1 S ST PETER            44.31N 93.96W 
08/24/2006                   NICOLLET           MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

            TREES AND POWER LINES DOWN JUST SOUTH OF ST PETER. POWER 
            SUBSTATION HIT 1 SE OSHAWA.

0600 PM     TORNADO          KASOTA                  44.29N 93.97W 
08/24/2006                   LE SUEUR           MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

            STRUCTURAL DAMAGE IN TOWN.

0605 PM     HAIL             OTSEGO                  45.29N 93.61W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       SHERBURNE          MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

0620 PM     TORNADO          WATERVILLE              44.22N 93.57W 
08/24/2006                   LE SUEUR           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            MAJOR STRUCTURAL DAMAGE TO SECOND FLOOR OF HOME ON RICE 
            LAKE ROAD. 

0621 PM     HAIL             RAMSEY                  45.26N 93.45W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            ONE INCH TREE BRANCHES DOWN. SOME MINOR STREET FLOODING.

0624 PM     TSTM WND DMG     3 N ELYSIAN             44.24N 93.68W 
08/24/2006                   LE SUEUR           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            FARMHOUSE DETROYED.

0625 PM     TORNADO          4 N WATERVILLE          44.28N 93.57W 
08/24/2006                   LE SUEUR           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            BRIEF TOUCHDOWN.

0629 PM     HAIL             KILKENNY                44.31N 93.57W 
08/24/2006  E1.75 INCH       LE SUEUR           MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

0629 PM     TORNADO          1 E KILKENNY            44.31N 93.55W 
08/24/2006                   LE SUEUR           MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

0727 PM     TSTM WND DMG     3 E FARIBAULT           44.30N 93.21W 
08/24/2006                   RICE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            10 INCH TREE DOWN BESIDE HWY 60.

0915 PM     HAIL             CLARKS GROVE            43.76N 93.33W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       FREEBORN           MN   FIRE DEPT/RESCUE

1015 PM     HAIL             GLENWOOD                45.65N 95.38W 
08/24/2006  M1.00 INCH       POPE               MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1022 PM     HAIL             ALBERT LEA              43.66N 93.37W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       FREEBORN           MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

1110 PM     HAIL             RICHMOND                45.45N 94.52W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       STEARNS            MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1114 PM     HAIL             COLD SPRING             45.46N 94.43W 
08/24/2006  E1.00 INCH       STEARNS            MN   LAW ENFORCEMENT 

1126 PM     HAIL             ST CLOUD                45.55N 94.17W 
08/24/2006  E0.88 INCH       STEARNS            MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

1151 PM     HAIL             BECKER                  45.37N 93.87W 
08/24/2006  E0.75 INCH       SHERBURNE          MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

            DIME SIZE

1215 AM     HAIL             ST FRANCIS              45.44N 93.31W 
08/25/2006  E1.00 INCH       ISANTI             MN   AMATEUR RADIO   

1227 AM     HAIL             EAST BETHEL             45.34N 93.20W 
08/25/2006  E0.75 INCH       ANOKA              MN   TRAINED SPOTTER 

            HAIL COVERING THE GROUND

1253 AM     HAIL             LINDSTROM               45.39N 92.84W 
08/25/2006  M0.75 INCH       CHISAGO            MN   PUBLIC          

 

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