Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Whitefish

Nearest Town: Cross Lake
Primary County: Crow Wing
Survey Date: 08/01/2011
Inventory Number: 18031000
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete South shore of Lower Hay Lake.
DNR Concrete On southwest end of Cross Lake.
Corps of Engineers Concrete On east shore of Big Trout Lake.
Corps of Engineers Concrete On east shore of Cross Lake near COE dam.
Corps of Engineers Concrete On north shore of Clamshell Lake.
County Gravel On south shore of Pig Lake.
DNR Concrete Small bay south of Pine River inlet on west shore.


Fish Health:

Disease:Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS)Date Tested:4/21/2010Result:Negative
Source: UMN

Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 7716.23
Littoral Area (acres): 2713
Maximum Depth (ft): 138
Water Clarity (ft): 10.3 (7-12)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? The annual budget for the Section of Fisheries is approximately $17 million, which is funded primarily by fishing license and stamp fees and by a federal excise tax on fishing and boating equipment.

Fish Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.04 0.3 - 2.1 0.93 0.4 - 0.8
Black Crappie Trap net 3.07 0.3 - 1.7 0.09 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 0.33 0.2 - 1.1 0.38 0.2 - 0.5
Bluegill Trap net 22.63 3.7 - 42.9 0.14 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 2.17 N/A 0.30 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.59 0.3 - 1.1 5.75 3.9 - 5.1
Gill net 0.04 0.1 - 0.2 4.73 3.0 - 5.2
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.41 0.3 - 1.7 0.91 0.7 - 1.1
Gill net 0.04 0.3 - 1.6 0.77 0.7 - 1.2
Greater Redhorse Trap net 0.04 N/A 8.42 N/A
Gill net 0.04 N/A 4.17 N/A
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 1.74 N/A 0.33 N/A
Gill net 0.08 N/A 0.30 N/A
Lake Whitefish Gill net 0.12 0.1 - 0.9 1.83 1.0 - 3.0
Largemouth Bass Trap net 2.26 0.4 - 1.4 0.39 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 1.88 0.3 - 1.2 1.41 0.6 - 1.0
Northern Pike Trap net 1.30 N/A 1.74 N/A
Gill net 17.33 3.0 - 7.9 1.65 1.7 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 3.48 1.6 - 6.9 0.18 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 0.46 N/A 0.23 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 2.07 0.7 - 3.3 0.24 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 3.12 1.0 - 6.6 0.61 0.3 - 0.5
Shorthead Redhorse Trap net 0.04 0.1 - 0.8 3.11 1.5 - 4.0
Gill net 0.92 0.1 - 0.5 1.94 1.5 - 2.7
Silver Redhorse Gill net 0.08 N/A 5.12 N/A
Smallmouth Bass Trap net 0.19 0.1 - 0.6 0.12 0.1 - 0.6
Gill net 0.12 0.2 - 0.9 2.78 0.9 - 1.8
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 0.83 0.5 - 5.2 0.33 0.4 - 1.0
Walleye Trap net 0.89 0.3 - 0.9 1.45 1.0 - 2.2
Gill net 3.92 4.0 - 9.6 1.35 1.1 - 1.9
White Sucker Trap net 0.22 0.2 - 0.8 1.16 1.4 - 2.7
Gill net 1.42 1.0 - 3.5 2.07 1.5 - 2.3
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 4.41 0.9 - 4.8 0.67 0.7 - 1.0
Gill net 5.12 0.6 - 6.4 0.72 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.41 0.7 - 3.7 0.14 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 1.21 7.1 - 33.9 0.20 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
black crappie 70 15 5 1 0 0 0 0 91
bluegill 391 262 1 0 0 0 0 0 663
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 7 10 0 17
brown bullhead 0 0 8 4 0 0 0 0 12
greater redhorse 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 2
hybrid sunfish 10 39 0 0 0 0 0 0 49
lake whitefish 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 0 3
largemouth bass 19 30 9 40 8 0 0 0 106
northern pike 0 0 4 24 251 144 24 3 451
pumpkinseed 59 46 0 0 0 0 0 0 105
rock bass 30 52 49 0 0 0 0 0 131
shorthead redhorse 0 0 2 0 21 0 0 0 23
silver redhorse 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
smallmouth bass 2 3 0 0 3 0 0 0 8
tullibee (cisco) 0 13 6 0 1 0 0 0 20
walleye 0 27 34 19 15 18 3 1 118
white sucker 0 6 5 2 24 3 0 0 40
yellow bullhead 1 14 202 25 0 0 0 0 242
yellow perch 10 25 2 0 0 0 0 0 40


For the record, the largest Rock Bass (tie) taken in Minnesota weighed 2 lbs. and was caught:

    Where: Lake Winnibigoshish, Cass County
    When: 5/10/98
    Statistics: 12.6" length, 12.4" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fry 15,000,000 130.0
2012 Walleye fingerlings 16,020 1,602.0
  Walleye fry 12,500,000 110.2
  Walleye yearlings 984 240.0
  Walleye fingerlings 66,846 4,049.0
2011 Walleye fry 5,300,000 48.3
2010 Walleye adults 73 59.0
  Walleye fingerlings 100,004 5,288.0
  Walleye fry 5,000,000 50.0
  Walleye yearlings 552 92.0
2009 Walleye fry 10,200,000 102.0
2008 Walleye fingerlings 102,787 4,607.0
  Walleye fry 7,000,000 70.0
  Walleye fingerlings 13,316 572.0
2007 Walleye fry 5,060,000 50.6
2006 Walleye yearlings 1,533 1,177.0
  Walleye fry 6,200,000 62.0
  Walleye fingerlings 114,065 3,720.0
  Walleye adults 520 129.0
2005 Walleye fry 13,907,056 128.1
2004 Walleye yearlings 140 20.0
  Walleye fry 13,140,000 131.4
  Walleye fingerlings 44,531 1,876.0
  Walleye adults 3,201 996.5

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WHITEFISH
Crow Wing Co., 18031000
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Lake Whitefish All sizes        
Largemouth Bass     All sizes   Mercury
Northern Pike     All sizes   Mercury
Smallmouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury
White Sucker   All sizes     Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
WHITEFISH
Crow Wing Co., 18031000
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Lake Whitefish All sizes        
Largemouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Smallmouth Bass   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 08/01/2011)

Whitefish Lake serves as one of the DNR's primary walleye egg take sites at the mouth of the Pine River. Because of this, the lake is stocked annually, with at least 5,000,000 walleye fry being put back into the lake from the eggs collected at the walleye trap. Whitefish is also stocked in even numbered years with fingerlings. The 2011 walleye catch was low when compared to similar lakes (3.9/net). The average length was 14.0" and 52% of the fish were 12" or larger.

Northern pike were caught in the highest numbers to date at 17.3/net. Most of these fish were on the small side with an average length of 19.4" and only 9% measuring 24" or larger.

Largemouth bass electrofishing was done throughout the entire chain. Results were encouraging with a high catch rate of 112.5/hr run-time and an average length of 12.8". Fish up to 18.7" were captured.

The panfish numbers looked good, but size was on the small side. Only 11% of the black crappies were 8" or larger and only 7% of the bluegills were 7" or larger.

Yellow perch, lake whitefish, and tullibee (cisco), which are important forage fish for walleyes and northern pike, were caught in the lowest numbers to date. The low catches of lake whitefish and tullibee, cold water species, could be related to the temperature and depth of water our nets were in and not necessarily represent the actual number in the lake.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1601 Minnesota Dr
Brainerd, MN 56401
Phone: (218) 828-2550
Internet: Brainerd Fisheries
E-Mail: Brainerd.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0307 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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    Toll-free: (800) 652-9093