Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Miltona

Nearest Town: Leaf Valley
Primary County: Douglas
Survey Date: 08/01/2011
Inventory Number: 21008300
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Township Earthen
DNR Concrete
DNR Concrete


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 5724.28
Littoral Area (acres): 2802
Maximum Depth (ft): 105
Water Clarity (ft): 8.5 (8-8.9)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Minnesota waters support 153 species of fish.

Fish Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.07 0.3 - 2.1 0.24 0.4 - 0.8
Black Crappie Trap net 0.73 0.3 - 1.7 0.65 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 0.30 0.2 - 1.1 0.63 0.2 - 0.5
Bluegill Trap net 22.33 3.7 - 42.9 0.19 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 4.40 N/A 0.28 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 0.13 0.3 - 1.1 6.70 3.9 - 5.1
Brown Bullhead Trap net 0.07 0.3 - 1.7 0.78 0.7 - 1.1
Green Sunfish Trap net 0.13 0.2 - 1.0 0.05 0.1 - 0.2
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 3.93 N/A 0.22 N/A
Gill net 1.70 N/A 0.22 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 1.33 0.4 - 1.4 0.51 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 0.70 0.3 - 1.2 1.40 0.6 - 1.0
Muskellunge Gill net 0.20 0.1 - 0.3 14.34 3.1 - 5.3
Northern Pike Trap net 0.33 N/A 3.06 N/A
Gill net 2.40 3.0 - 7.9 1.54 1.7 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 1.53 1.6 - 6.9 0.17 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 4.10 N/A 0.24 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 0.80 0.7 - 3.3 0.38 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 9.50 1.0 - 6.6 0.56 0.3 - 0.5
Smallmouth Bass Trap net 0.33 0.1 - 0.6 0.16 0.1 - 0.6
Gill net 1.00 0.2 - 0.9 2.06 0.9 - 1.8
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 1.10 0.5 - 5.2 0.63 0.4 - 1.0
Walleye Trap net 0.47 0.3 - 0.9 1.43 1.0 - 2.2
Gill net 17.90 4.0 - 9.6 1.00 1.1 - 1.9
White Sucker Gill net 0.70 1.0 - 3.5 2.13 1.5 - 2.3
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 0.47 0.9 - 4.8 0.58 0.7 - 1.0
Gill net 1.00 0.6 - 6.4 0.79 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.13 0.7 - 3.7 0.22 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 17.60 7.1 - 33.9 0.17 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2011 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
black crappie 1 4 5 4 0 0 0 0 14
bluegill 122 253 0 0 0 0 0 0 379
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2
brown bullhead 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
green sunfish 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
hybrid sunfish 28 48 0 0 0 0 0 0 76
largemouth bass 4 11 3 5 4 0 0 0 27
muskellunge 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2
northern pike 0 0 0 4 14 9 1 1 29
pumpkinseed 23 41 0 0 0 0 0 0 64
rock bass 8 61 35 3 0 0 0 0 107
smallmouth bass 1 4 0 5 5 0 0 0 15
tullibee (cisco) 0 4 3 1 3 0 0 0 11
walleye 0 1 45 70 66 3 1 0 186
white sucker 0 0 1 2 3 1 0 0 7
yellow bullhead 1 1 11 4 0 0 0 0 17
yellow perch 23 143 9 0 0 0 0 0 178


For the record, the largest Rock Bass (tie) taken in Minnesota weighed 2 lbs. and was caught:

    Where: Lake Winnibigoshish, Cass County
    When: 5/10/98
    Statistics: 12.6" length, 12.4" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Muskellunge fingerlings 1,431 249.0
  Walleye fry 1,313,246 11.0
  Walleye fry 1,500,000 13.0
  Walleye1 fingerlings 4,000 200.0
  Walleye fry 1,325,000 11.0
2012 Muskellunge fingerlings 600 138.5
  Walleye1 fingerlings 4,000 400.0
  Walleye fry 1,325,000 12.8
  Walleye fry 1,477,188 14.2
2011 Muskellunge2 fingerlings 800 146.9
  Walleye fry 4,232,035 37.9
2010 Walleye fry 1,300,000 11.6
  Walleye fry 2,886,015 25.7
2009 Muskellunge1 fingerlings 362 72.4
  Muskellunge1 fingerlings 438 212.6
  Walleye fry 1,720,000 15.0
  Walleye fry 1,420,128 14.4
  Walleye fry 1,100,000 9.6
2008 Walleye fry 2,090,004 21.0
  Walleye fry 730,222 7.1
2007 Muskellunge fingerlings 800 314.5
  Walleye1 adults 3,000 2,191.0
  Walleye fry 3,048,000 25.2
  Walleye1 fingerlings 5,984 272.0
  Walleye1 yearlings 500 90.0
2006 Walleye fry 2,820,000 22.6
2005 Muskellunge fingerlings 800 176.2
  Walleye1 fingerlings 8,424 577.0
  Walleye fry 4,059,418 36.9
  Walleye1 fry 240,000 2.2
2004 Walleye1 fingerlings 12,510 417.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MILTONA
Douglas Co., 21008300
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Crappie   All sizes     Mercury
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker   All sizes     Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
MILTONA
Douglas Co., 21008300
Bluegill Sunfish All sizes        
Crappie All sizes        
Northern Pike   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
White Sucker All sizes        

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 08/01/2011)

Lake Miltona is a large (5,724 acres), moderately fertile basin located north of Alexandria between the towns of Miltona and Leaf Valley. Maximum depth exceeds 100 feet. Almost half of this basin is 15 feet or less in depth. Water quality and clarity are good with average secchi disk measurements typically exceeding 10 feet during summer months. This lake is a very popular destination for both anglers and recreational boaters. Recreational pressures can be high, especially on weekend days during summer. Three public accesses are present. Parking space is limited at the west access. There is one posted fish spawning area located on the northern shoreline of the west bay. Fishing is prohibited in this area during the spring spawning season. Lake Miltona is connected to Lake Ida to the south and Lake Irene to the east via non-navigable channels.

Lake Miltona supports a diverse and healthy fish community. Fish habitat structure such as extensive shallow flats, submerged islands and bars, shallow bays, and extensive areas of emergent vegetation provide fishing opportunities for just about any type of angler. Primary fish management is focused on walleye. Muskellunge and sunfishes (bass and panfish) are species of secondary management importance.

Walleye abundance has increased in recent years. Current abundance is considered high when compared to similar lakes across Minnesota. Small or young fish comprised much of the catch recorded during the 2011 survey. Mean size was 14.1 inches and 1.0 pounds. High abundance and smaller average size can be attributed to strong year classes produced in 2007 and 2009. Fall electrofishing sampling also revealed that a very strong year class was produced in 2011. These multiple strong year classes should provide good fishing for many years. Walleye growth rates have slowed in recent years due to increased abundance of small fish. Lake Miltona's walleye typically reach 14.0 inches after four growing seasons and exceed 16.0 inches by age five. Annual fry stockings and occasional fingerling stockings are currently prescribed to bolster walleye abundance; however, natural reproduction is critical to sustaining a quality walleye fishery.

Lake Miltona is home to a unique and very popular muskellunge fishery. It is one of only three lakes within the Glenwood Management Area where muskellunge fingerlings are stocked. Alternate year fingerling stockings are necessary to maintain the fishery. Anglers pursuing muskellunge will likely find moderate numbers of larger fish. The "trophy" potential of this lake is relatively high. Previous angler reports and survey findings indicate that muskellunge exceeding 50.0 inches fairly common. The current harvest regulation for muskellunge is a 48-inch minimum length limit. All muskies less than 48.0 inches in total length (tip of closed mouth to tip of closed tail fin) must be immediately released.

Other species worthy of angler pursuit include largemouth and smallmouth bass, northern pike, yellow perch, black crappie, and bluegill. Largemouth bass outnumber smallmouth bass. Bass anglers can expect good numbers and quality size structures for both populations. Northern pike abundance is relatively low and most fish are small. Mean length and weight of the 2011 sample was 18.9 inches and 1.5 pounds. Yellow perch abundance has declined from high levels found throughout the mid-2000s but is still considered above average when compared to similar Minnesota lakes. The majority of this population is comprised of smaller individuals, but harvestable size perch do exist. Anglers targeting black crappie should expect low to moderate catch rates. Bluegill are plentiful. Size structure of both populations is considered good. Mean length of black crappie captured during the 2011 survey was 10.2 inches. Bluegill averaged 6.2 inches.

Other species collected during the 2011 survey include black, brown, and yellow bullheads, hybrid sunfish, pumpkinseed sunfish, tullibee (cisco), white sucker, bowfin (dogfish), and rock bass. Although rock bass abundance has declined in recent years it is still considered high when compared to similar lakes across Minnesota. The next lake survey is tentatively scheduled for 2015.

Management Note: Lake Irene is located upstream of Lake Miltona. Zebra mussels were detected in Lake Irene in 2011. The area where zebra mussels were found was treated with copper sulfate in an attempt to eradicate this harmful exotic species from Lake Irene. Success of the treatment has not yet been determined. Because of Lake Miltona's proximity to Lake Irene, it is at increased risk to zebra mussel infestation. Anglers are urged to be extremely vigilant to prevent spread of zebra mussels and other exotic invasives to uninfested lakes. State laws and best management practices to prevent transfer of exotic species can be found at:

http://www.dnr.state.mn.us/invasives/index_aquatic.html


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
23070 North Lakeshore Dr
Glenwood, MN 56334
Phone: (320) 634-4573
Internet: Glenwood Fisheries
E-Mail: Glenwood.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0308 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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