Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Bad Axe

Nearest Town: Emmaville
Primary County: Hubbard
Survey Date: 06/21/2010
Inventory Number: 29020800

Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
Private Property Other No public access. Access granted through Isle Of Dreams Resort.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 303.26
Littoral Area (acres): 125
Maximum Depth (ft): 39
Water Clarity (ft): N/A

Dominant Bottom Substrate: Sand (Abundant)
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: 24 Varieties Sampled
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): 9.7 (0-20)


Did you know? Fisheries personnel monitor and regulate aquaculture, fishing tournaments, commercial fishing operations, aquatic plant management, and aeration.

Fish Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 3.33 0.7 - 3.2 0.46 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 0.17 0.5 - 2.7 0.51 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 90.44 5.6 - 42.3 0.22 0.1 - 0.3
Brown Bullhead Gill net 0.17 0.3 - 2.2 0.99 0.6 - 1.0
Largemouth Bass Trap net 5.33 0.3 - 1.1 0.49 0.2 - 0.9
Gill net 4.00 0.3 - 1.2 0.86 0.5 - 1.1
Northern Pike Gill net 2.00 3.1 - 8.5 5.93 1.5 - 2.7
Pumpkinseed Trap net 16.67 1.7 - 8.2 0.25 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 0.33 N/A 0.17 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 1.44 0.6 - 2.5 0.13 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 0.33 0.3 - 2.0 0.22 0.3 - 0.5
White Sucker Trap net 0.11 0.2 - 1.0 2.26 1.7 - 2.9
Gill net 6.17 0.5 - 3.5 1.61 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 2.89 1.5 - 7.7 0.78 0.5 - 0.8
Gill net 2.67 0.9 - 10.0 0.59 0.5 - 0.7
Yellow Perch Trap net 1.56 0.5 - 2.7 0.20 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 71.33 2.5 - 24.2 0.13 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 0 11 19 1 0 0 0 0 31
bluegill 280 530 0 0 0 0 0 0 814
brown bullhead 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
largemouth bass 0 19 46 4 3 0 0 0 72
northern pike 0 0 0 0 1 1 4 6 12
pumpkinseed 46 106 0 0 0 0 0 0 152
rock bass 9 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 15
white sucker 0 0 7 11 18 2 0 0 38
yellow bullhead 0 9 25 0 0 0 0 0 42
yellow perch 15 411 10 0 0 0 0 0 442


For the record, the largest River Carpsucker taken in Minnesota weighed 3 lbs., 15 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Mississippi River, Ramsey County
    When: 3/9/91
    Statistics: 19.5" length, 14" girth

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/21/2010)

Bad Axe Lake is located in central Hubbard County, north of the town of Emmaville. Bad Axe has a surface area of 271 acres and a maximum depth of 39 feet. There is no public access. Bad Axe provides angling opportunities for northern pike, black crappie, bluegill, and largemouth bass.

The Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has classified Minnesota's lakes into 43 different types based on physical, chemical, and other characteristics. Bad Axe is in lake class 25. Other area lakes in this same class include Big Mantrap, Little Mantrap, Eagle, Island, Belle Taine, and Spider.

Present and past surveys have shown that the northern pike population in Bad Axe fluctuates from low to moderate numbers. Northern pike abundance (2.0 pike/gillnet) was below the range "typical" for this lake class. Surveys from 1982 to 2000 had higher northern pike abundance, with gillnet catch rates fluctuating within the range "typical" for this lake class. Anglers will find that the proportion of large northern pike (> 28.0 inches) is high when compared to other area lakes. Northern pike exhibited fast growth rates when compared to other class 25 lakes. Muskellunge are present in Bad Axe and have been sampled in past surveys in low numbers. Bad Axe was stocked with muskellunge by the DNR from 1950 to 1969. Private, permitted stockings of muskellunge were done in 2002, 2005, and 2007 by the lake association. Success of these muskellunge stockings is unknown, as angler reports have been very limited.

Bad Axe has an abundant panfish population of black crappie, bluegill, and pumpkinseed. Present and past surveys have shown black crappie and bluegill abundance to be above the range "typical" for this lake class. Anglers will find a healthy black crappie population with fish in the 9-12 inch size range. Bluegill and pumpkinseed tend to run smaller, with fish in the 6-8 inch size range. Yellow perch are also abundant in Bad Axe; however, average size is small (7.2 inches). A few larger yellow perch are present with perch measured up to 11.3 inches.

Both largemouth bass and smallmouth bass are present in Bad Axe, with largemouth bass being the more abundant of the two species. No specialized sampling for bass such as spring electrofishing has been conducted on Bad Axe. Largemouth bass catch rates with gillnets and trapnets are above the range "typical" for this lake class, similar to past surveys. Smallmouth bass were not sampled in 2010, but have been sampled in past surveys in low numbers. Bad Axe has good water quality, submerged and emergent vegetation that provides excellent habitat for bass.

Other species sampled included high numbers of white sucker, and moderate numbers of rock bass and yellow bullhead. Brown bullhead were sampled in low numbers.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
301 S Grove Ave
Park Rapids, MN 56470
Phone: (218) 732-4153
Internet: Park Rapids Fisheries
E-Mail: ParkRapids.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0125 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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