Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Little Jessie

Nearest Town: Deer River
Primary County: Itasca
Survey Date: 08/02/2010
Inventory Number: 31078400
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
US Forest Service Concrete U.S. Forest Service access on the northwest shore.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 626.12
Littoral Area (acres): 206
Maximum Depth (ft): 50
Water Clarity (ft): 9

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Each year, the MinnAqua program teaches youth and families across Minnesota about aquatic biology, fishing, and conservation..

Fish Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.08 0.3 - 2.6 1.30 0.5 - 0.9
Gill net 0.25 0.6 - 6.8 0.53 0.5 - 1.0
Black Crappie Trap net 0.08 0.4 - 2.3 0.34 0.3 - 0.6
Gill net 0.83 0.4 - 2.7 0.35 0.3 - 0.6
Bluegill Trap net 48.92 4.4 - 49.0 0.17 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 9.75 N/A 0.10 N/A
Bowfin (dogfish) Trap net 1.17 0.3 - 1.1 5.36 3.7 - 5.1
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 0.08 N/A 0.49 N/A
Largemouth Bass Trap net 0.42 0.3 - 1.3 0.17 0.2 - 0.8
Gill net 1.50 0.3 - 1.4 0.92 0.5 - 1.2
Northern Pike Trap net 0.33 N/A 5.75 N/A
Gill net 2.25 2.8 - 9.0 1.98 1.6 - 2.8
Pumpkinseed Trap net 3.58 1.8 - 7.8 0.24 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 2.83 N/A 0.19 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 1.58 0.5 - 2.5 0.30 0.3 - 0.5
Gill net 5.17 0.6 - 3.9 0.40 0.3 - 0.5
Smallmouth Bass Gill net 0.42 0.1 - 0.9 1.38 0.9 - 2.0
Tullibee (cisco) Gill net 6.00 0.8 - 6.2 0.57 0.6 - 1.4
Walleye Gill net 5.67 3.3 - 8.8 1.62 1.2 - 2.1
White Sucker Gill net 0.58 0.9 - 4.0 1.43 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 0.50 1.2 - 5.2 0.77 0.6 - 0.9
Gill net 1.00 1.2 - 10.9 0.59 0.6 - 0.9
Yellow Perch Trap net 1.08 0.6 - 3.5 0.16 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 17.33 7.0 - 46.3 0.12 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 1 1 0 2 0 0 0 0 4
black crappie 0 10 1 0 0 0 0 0 11
bluegill 422 274 0 0 0 0 0 0 704
bowfin (dogfish) 0 0 0 0 0 12 2 0 14
hybrid sunfish 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
largemouth bass 0 8 7 7 1 0 0 0 23
northern pike 0 0 0 1 12 14 3 1 31
pumpkinseed 31 46 0 0 0 0 0 0 77
rock bass 7 58 16 0 0 0 0 0 81
smallmouth bass 1 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 5
tullibee (cisco) 0 41 7 14 10 0 0 0 72
walleye 0 0 8 21 28 10 1 0 68
white sucker 0 2 1 0 4 0 0 0 7
yellow bullhead 0 5 11 2 0 0 0 0 18
yellow perch 35 182 3 0 0 0 0 0 221


For the record, the largest Bowfin taken in Minnesota weighed 11 lbs., 4 oz. and was caught:

    Where: St. Croix River, Washington County
    When: 10/7/2008
    Statistics: 35" length, 20" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2013 Walleye fingerlings 13,595 412.0
2011 Walleye fingerlings 10,725 411.6
2010 Walleye* fingerlings 7,739 409.0
2008 Walleye fingerlings 4,313 412.0
2006 Walleye yearlings 228 123.0
  Walleye fingerlings 10,061 289.0
2004 Walleye fingerlings 5,320 266.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 08/02/2010)

Little Jessie Lake is a 637-acre lake located 5 miles southwest of Talmoon, MN. The lake has a maximum depth of 50 ft and is moderately developed. Primary fish species include walleye, northern pike and panfish.

The walleye gill net catch rate was 5.7/net and was similar to the long-term average of 5.3/net for Little Jessie Lake. Catch rates in past assessments have varied from 0.6 to 10.8/gill net. The catch rate in 2010 declined from the previous two assessments which had especially high catch rates of 8.8 and 10.8/net. Although the current catch rate has declined, it is still within the normal range of values for Little Jessie Lake. Walleye growth was similar to the statewide average with fish averaging 17.7 inches at age 5. Size structure was moderate with several year classes present including one fish which was 19 years old. Walleye fingerlings are currently stocked at twice the normal rate in even years. The results of this assessment indicate that stocked year classes were more abundant than nonstocked years.

The northern pike gill net catch rate was 2.3/net and was lower than the expected range for similar lakes and lower than the long-term average of 5.1/net for Little Jessie Lake. Lower catch rates for northern pike are good because higher catch rates generally lead to poor size structure. However, size structure was poor with few fish larger than 24 inches sampled. It is unclear why size structure declined because Little Jessie has a history of larger northern pike. Trap nets did sample one fish that was 40 inches indicating the lake is still capable of producing large fish. Six year classes were determined from scale analysis and year classes were roughly similar indicating consistent recruitment. Growth was slightly faster than the statewide average with fish averaging 24.9 inches by age 5.

The bluegill catch rate was 49.0/trap net and was towards the upper end of the expected range. Catch rates were historically low, not exceeding 2.0/trap net in the first 4 assessments. Catch rates have since increased from 2.7/net in 1996 to the all-time high of 49.0/net in 2010. High catch rates are a concern, because size structure generally declines as catch rates increase. Size structure was poor with few fish exceeding 8 inches. Growth was slower than the lake class average with fish averaging 6.0 inches at age 6. The combination of high catch rates and slow growth rates result in poor size structure.

Yellow perch gill net catch was 17.3/net and was within the expected range for similar lakes. Catch rates in past assessments have been highly variable from 12.0 to 86.1/gill net. Size structure was poor with few fish larger than 9 inches sampled. Growth was slower than the statewide average with fish averaging 8.2 inches at age 7. Yellow perch are more important as prey than a species of interest to anglers.

Little Jessie still supports an abundant tullibee population with a catch rate of 6.0/gill net, towards the upper end of the expected range. Tullibee were generally small, around 8 to 9 inches, however a few larger fish up to 15 inches were sampled. Tullibee are an important prey species for walleye and northern pike.

Smallmouth bass, largemouth bass and black crappie were sampled in low numbers. Smallmouth bass varied in length from 5 to 16 inches. Largemouth bass were more abundant with similar size structure. Few black crappie were sampled with fish up to 12 inches.

Other species sampled in gill nets and trap nets include black and yellow bullhead, pumpkinseed sunfish, rock bass and white sucker.

Lakeshore owners may affect fish populations not only through harvesting fish, but also through land use practices. It is important to leave a 30 to 50 ft buffer strip of native vegetation along the shoreline to prevent erosion and provide habitat for fish and wildlife. Nonfunctioning septic systems can also lead to water quality problems. Good water quality and fish populations are the direct result of good land use practices. Anglers can also help to improve the size structure of the fish community by harvesting fewer smaller fish and releasing medium and larger fish.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1201 East Hwy 2
Grand Rapids, MN 55744
Phone: (218) 327-4430
Internet: Grand Rapids Fisheries
E-Mail: GrandRapids.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C2567 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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