Fisheries Lake Survey

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Name: Devils

Nearest Town: Perham
Primary County: Otter Tail
Survey Date: 06/17/2013
Inventory Number: 56024500
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Gravel A state owned public access is located off of County Road 48 along the northeast shoreline of the lake.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 355.3
Littoral Area (acres): 211
Maximum Depth (ft): 67
Water Clarity (ft): 12.8 (9-16.5)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? The DNR Section of Fisheries has a full-time staff of 285. There are 4 regional and 28 area fisheries offices.

Fish Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Crappie Trap net 4.50 0.7 - 3.2 0.69 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 0.33 0.5 - 2.7 0.29 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 38.12 5.6 - 42.3 0.31 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 0.78 N/A 0.19 N/A
Brown Bullhead Trap net 1.62 0.3 - 1.5 1.14 0.6 - 1.0
Hybrid Sunfish Trap net 0.12 N/A 0.87 N/A
Largemouth Bass Gill net 0.11 0.3 - 1.2 2.48 0.5 - 1.1
Northern Pike Trap net 0.38 N/A 1.67 N/A
Gill net 8.00 3.1 - 8.5 1.26 1.5 - 2.7
Pumpkinseed Trap net 4.38 1.7 - 8.2 0.36 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 0.11 N/A 0.24 N/A
Rock Bass Trap net 0.12 0.6 - 2.5 0.88 0.2 - 0.5
Walleye Trap net 0.50 0.2 - 0.7 3.47 0.9 - 2.9
Gill net 1.00 1.3 - 5.5 1.50 1.2 - 2.4
White Sucker Gill net 0.22 0.5 - 3.5 2.76 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 4.50 1.5 - 7.7 0.68 0.5 - 0.8
Gill net 1.33 0.9 - 10.0 0.70 0.5 - 0.7
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2013 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black crappie 1 2 35 1 0 0 0 0 39
bluegill 30 276 0 0 0 0 0 0 312
brown bullhead 0 0 3 10 0 0 0 0 13
hybrid sunfish 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
largemouth bass 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1
northern pike 0 0 0 3 60 6 3 1 75
pumpkinseed 3 33 0 0 0 0 0 0 36
rock bass 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
walleye 0 0 1 0 10 1 1 0 13
white sucker 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2
yellow bullhead 0 1 43 4 0 0 0 0 48


For the record, the largest Brown Bullhead taken in Minnesota weighed 7 lbs., 1 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Shallow Lake, Itasca County
    When: 5/21/74
    Statistics: 24.4" length

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2012 Walleye yearlings 707 211.0
2009 Walleye yearlings 752 66.0
  Walleye fingerlings 2,581 89.0
  Walleye adults 53 48.0
2006 Walleye fingerlings 3,859 227.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/17/2013)

Devils Lake is a 314-acre mesotrophic (moderately fertile) lake located in northeastern Otter Tail County approximately four miles northwest of Perham, MN. The immediate watershed is composed primarily of agricultural land interspersed with hardwood woodlots. There are no navigable inlets or outlets. The maximum depth is 67 feet; however, 67% of the lake is 15 feet or less in depth. The secchi disk reading during the 2013 lake survey was 16.5 feet. Previous secchi disk readings ranged from 9.0 to 15.0 feet. The south, east, and west shorelines of Devils Lake have been developed. Homes and cottages compose the majority of the development. One resort and a DNR owned public access are located along the east shoreline. The shoal water substrates consist primarily of sand and gravel. Areas of emergent aquatic vegetation are non-existent. Devils Lake can be ecologically classified as a bass-panfish type of lake and this is reflected in the assemblage of the fish community. Northern Pike, Largemouth Bass, Walleye, Black Crappie, and Bluegill are the dominant gamefish species in Devils Lake. Northern Pike abundance was within the normal range for this type of lake. Northern Pike ranged in length from 13.9 to 34.0 inches with a mean length and weight of 17.8 inches and 1.2 pounds. Northern Pike growth is slow with an average length of 24.5 inches at six years of age. Slow growth may be related to the low abundance of Yellow Perch, which is a preferred forage of Northern Pike. Summer test-net indices are not reliable indicators of Largemouth Bass abundance or size structure; however, angler reports on this specie have been positive. Walleye abundance has remained stable in recent surveys. Age data indicate that Walleye reproduction is very limited. Walleyes ranged in length from 10.8 to 19.5 inches with a mean length and weight of 16.3 inches and 1.5 pounds. Walleyes attain an average length of 14.9 inches at four years of age. The 2007 and 2008 year classes of Black Crappie are strong and should provide consistently good angling for several years. Crappies attain an average length of 9.8 inches at five years of age. Bluegill abundance was within the normal range; however, the recent trend has been a decline in abundance. The decline in abundance corresponds with an increase in size structure. Seventy- five percent of the Bluegills were 7.0 inches or greater in length. Bluegills attain an average length of 7.5 inches at five years of age. Anglers can maintain the quality of fishing by practicing selective harvest. Selective harvest encourages the release of medium to large-size fish while allowing the harvest of more abundant smaller fish for table fare. Releasing the medium to large fish will ensure that the lake will have enough spawning age fish on an annual basis and will provide anglers with more opportunities to catch large fish in the future.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
1509 1st Ave N
Fergus Falls, MN 56537
Phone: (218) 739-7576
Internet: Fergus Falls Fisheries
E-Mail: FergusFalls.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C1166 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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