Fisheries Lake Survey

printer friendly version

Name: Cross

Nearest Town: Pine City
Primary County: Pine
Survey Date: 06/23/2014
Inventory Number: 58011900
Buy your walleye stamp todayPurchase a walleye stamp. Your voluntary contribution will be used to support walleye stocking.

Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
City Other
DNR Concrete On east side off County 9 near outlet dam.
DNR Concrete On the Snake River in Pine City.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 925.3
Littoral Area (acres): 507.3
Maximum Depth (ft): 30
Water Clarity (ft): 4.4 (3.9-4.9)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? There are 15,000 miles of fishable streams in Minnesota, including 2,600 miles of trout streams.

Fish Sampled for the 2014 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 0.08 0.3 - 2.8 0.44 0.4 - 0.8
Black Crappie Trap net 3.83 0.7 - 3.2 0.39 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 4.33 0.5 - 2.7 0.38 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 13.92 5.6 - 42.3 0.33 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 2.25 N/A 0.35 N/A
Channel Catfish Gill net 1.00 N/A 6.42 N/A
Chestnut Lamprey Trap net 0.08 N/A 0.00 N/A
Gill net 0.08 N/A 0.00 N/A
Crappie Trap net 0.08 N/A 0.00 N/A
Gill net 0.08 N/A 0.00 N/A
Freshwater Drum Trap net 2.83 0.5 - 2.4 2.34 0.4 - 1.1
Gill net 0.75 0.8 - 10.5 0.62 0.2 - 0.7
Golden Redhorse Trap net 0.17 N/A 2.96 N/A
Gill net 0.17 N/A 1.60 N/A
Golden Shiner Trap net 0.08 0.1 - 0.7 0.08 0.1 - 0.1
Lake Sturgeon Gill net 0.17 N/A 1.52 N/A
Muskellunge Gill net 0.17 0.2 - 0.6 24.80 3.4 - 5.7
Northern Pike Trap net 0.17 N/A 0.86 N/A
Gill net 0.67 3.1 - 8.5 3.23 1.5 - 2.7
Shorthead Redhorse Trap net 0.83 0.3 - 3.9 1.81 1.2 - 2.9
Gill net 0.42 0.2 - 1.2 1.59 1.1 - 2.5
Silver Redhorse Trap net 0.75 N/A 4.07 N/A
Walleye Trap net 0.33 0.2 - 0.7 1.20 0.9 - 2.9
Gill net 0.33 1.3 - 5.5 0.60 1.2 - 2.4
White Crappie Gill net 0.17 0.6 - 6.6 0.32 0.2 - 0.3
White Sucker Trap net 0.50 0.2 - 1.0 1.87 1.7 - 2.9
Gill net 1.00 0.5 - 3.5 1.82 1.6 - 2.4
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 0.67 1.5 - 7.7 1.06 0.5 - 0.8
Yellow Perch Trap net 1.25 0.5 - 2.7 0.12 0.1 - 0.2
Gill net 5.83 2.5 - 24.2 0.15 0.1 - 0.2
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2014 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
black crappie 1 63 29 2 0 0 0 0 95
bluegill 11 182 0 0 0 0 0 0 193
channel catfish 0 0 2 0 1 2 4 1 10
chestnut lamprey 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
crappie 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
freshwater drum 1 2 2 13 18 6 0 0 42
golden redhorse 0 0 0 1 3 0 0 0 4
golden shiner 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
lake sturgeon 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 2
muskellunge 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2
northern pike 0 0 1 1 3 3 0 2 10
shorthead redhorse 0 0 0 6 9 0 0 0 15
silver redhorse 0 0 0 0 0 9 0 0 9
walleye 0 0 4 2 0 1 0 0 7
white crappie 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 2
white sucker 0 0 0 4 11 0 0 0 15
yellow bullhead 0 0 2 6 0 0 0 0 8
yellow perch 28 50 1 0 0 0 0 0 79


For the record, the largest Tiger Trout taken in Minnesota weighed 2 lbs., 9.12 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Mill Creek, Olmsted County
    When: 8/7/99
    Statistics: 20" length, 9 5/8" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2014 muskellunge fingerlings 256 51.8
  walleye fingerlings 10,166 557.0
2013 Muskellunge fingerlings 942 100.0
  Walleye2 fingerlings 14,560 520.0
2012 Muskellunge fingerlings 500 125.0
  Walleye2 fingerlings 6,274 450.0
2011 Muskellunge fingerlings 569 111.5
  Walleye2 fingerlings 9,277 507.0
2010 Muskellunge fingerlings 706 154.3
  Walleye1 fingerlings 3,937 254.0
2009 Muskellunge fingerlings 540 120.0
  Walleye1 fingerlings 14,325 1,000.0
2008 Muskellunge fingerlings 583 91.5
2007 Walleye1 fingerlings 9,603 1,000.0
2006 Muskellunge fingerlings 469 106.3
2005 Walleye1 fingerlings 10,457 1,000.0

Stocking Notes
1 - indicates fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.
2 - indicates fish purchased by the DNR for stocking.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

These fish consumption guidelines help people make choices about which fish to eat and how often. Following the guidelin es enables people to reduce their exposure to contaminants while still enjoying the many benefits from fish.

Pregnant Women, Women who may become pregnant and Children under age 15

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
CROSS
Pine Co., 58011900
Freshwater Drum   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye     All sizes   Mercury
Yellow Perch   All sizes     Mercury

General Population

LAKE NAME
County, DOWID
Species Meal Advice Contaminants
Unrestricted 1 meal/week 1 meal/month Do not eat
CROSS
Pine Co., 58011900
Freshwater Drum   All sizes     Mercury
Walleye   All sizes     Mercury
Yellow Perch   All sizes     Mercury

DOWID - MN DNR, Division of Waters' lake ID number.

Contaminants listed were measured at levels that trigger advice to limit consumption.

Listing of consumption guidelines do not imply the fish are legal to keep, MN DNR fishing regulations should be consulted.

Dioxin
Mercury
PCBS - Polychlorinated biphenyls
PFOS - Perfluorooctane sulfanate


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/23/2014)

Cross Lake is a fertile 943 acre lake located near the town of Pine City, MN in southern Pine County. The lake and its fish community are largely influenced by the Snake River that runs through the southern portion. The lake is primarily managed for Walleye and Muskellunge. Around 500 pounds of Walleye fingerlings and 500 Muskellunge fingerlings are stocked annually. The shore is predominantly sand and is highly developed especially the west shore. Public access is available on the river just west of the lake and on the east shore near the river outlet. Anglers on Cross Lake should expect moderate to high user pressure from both fishing and recreational boating.

Walleye catch rates have typically been low in Cross Lake despite substantial fingerling stocking from 1984 to 1991 and from 2001 to the present. Walleye sampled during this survey ranged from 9.4 to 11.0 inches. Mean weight, 0.4 pounds, was below average when compared to similar lakes.

Muskellunge are not sampled effectively during typical fish population assessments conducted during the summer. During 2009 a special assessment was conducted during the spring using large trap nets to target Muskellunge. A total of 47 Muskellunge were observed during the survey. Mean length of sampled fish was 44 inches and lengths ranged from 35.1 to 51.0 inches. Density was determined to be low, but if you catch one, the chances are that it will be large as 41 out of 47 fish were greater than 40 inches and 5 fish were greater than 50 inches.

The Northern Pike gill net catch of 0.7 per net was similar to the past two surveys in 2010 and 2005 and remained low when compared to similar lakes. Northern Pike caught in gill nets ranged from 13.5 to 33.4 inches with a mean of 23.0 inches. The mean weight of 3.2 pounds is above average. Catch rates of Northern Pike have typically been low in Cross Lake, with catch rates less than 1.2 fish per net in 7 of the last 9 surveys conducted since 1981.

Black Crappie catch rates were high when compared to similar lakes. Gill net catch rates have continued on an increasing trend over the last 30 years, while trap net catch rates don't show any apparent trend. White Crappie on the other hand were observed at historic lows during the 2014 survey at 0.2 per gill net. Some quality sized Black Crappie occur in Cross Lake, as many fish were greater than 8 inches and some fish over 10 inches were sampled. Only two White Crappie were caught during the survey and were 8 and 9 inches in length.

Bluegill catch rates in trap nets reached historic highs, but the 2014 catch rate of near 14 per net was still below average when compared to similar lakes. Bluegill mean weight was 0.33 pounds, which was greater than average and similar to the surveys conducted in 2005 and 2010. Keeper sized Bluegill were abundant during the survey, with fish between 6 and 8.5 inches making up 70 percent of the catch.

Yellow Perch were sampled at 5.8 fish per gill net, which is just below average when compared to similar lakes. Outside of the high Yellow Perch catch rates recorded during the 1995 and 2000 surveys, catch rates have been between 4 and 12 fish per net. Yellow Perch sampled in gill nets ranged from 5.3 to 9.2 inches with only 10 percent of the catch exceeding 8 inches.

Channel Catfish were sampled at 1.0 fish per gill net, which remains on the low end of observed catch rates. Lengths ranged from 9.8 to 30.0 inches with a mean weight at an historic high for Cross Lake of 5.3 pounds. While the current population appears to be low, a great angling opportunity exists for large fish, with over half of the fish sampled being greater than 26 inches.

Freshwater Drum catch rates in gill nets continue to be lower than the 25th percentile at 0.75 fish per net. However, trap net catch rates returned to greater than the 75th percentile. Catch rates have decreased during each survey since the high of almost 12 per gill net in 1987. Freshwater Drum averaged 13.6 inches and 0.55 pounds.

Two Lake Sturgeon were present in the gill nets. Other species sampled during the survey include White Sucker, Golden Redhorse, Shorthead Redhorse, Silver Redhorse, Black Bullhead, Yellow Bullhead, Golden Shiner, Painted Turtle, Snapping Turtle, and Softshell Turtle.

Quality fishing opportunities exist for multiple species in Cross Lake. At times fishing pressure on Cross Lake can be high and anglers are encouraged to practice selective harvest to help maintain and improve the quality of Cross Lake's fishery. Selective harvest encourages the release of larger fish while allowing the harvest of more abundant smaller fish. Releasing medium to large fish will help restore and maintain fish community balance, as well as increase opportunities to catch large fish in the future.

Non-native invasive species of vegetation are present in Cross Lake. Eurasian Watermilfoil and Curlyleaf Pondweed are both present, anglers and boaters should take necessary precautions to prevent the further spread of invasive species.

Some shorelines of Cross Lake are highly developed, which can put stress on the lake's aquatic habitat and ecosystem integrity. Environmentally friendly development practices, such as shoreline buffer strips of natural vegetation, are encouraged to help maintain and improve the water quality of Cross Lake. Also, if trees and branches have fallen in the water, consider leaving them where they are to provide important habitat for fish and wildlife that is often missing in highly developed lakes.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
PO Box 398
306 Power Ave N
Hinckley, MN 55037
Phone: (320) 384-7721
Internet: Hinckley Fisheries
E-Mail: Hinckley.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use B0233 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

Tip Logo    Turn in Poachers (TIP):

    Toll-free: (800) 652-9093