Lake information report

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Name: Kansas

Nearest Town: Saint James
Primary County: Watonwan
Survey Date: 07/13/2009
Inventory Number: 83003600
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
County Concrete See map - T105N


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 395.64
Littoral Area (acres): 398
Maximum Depth (ft): 7
Water Clarity (ft): .5

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Ongoing habitat improvement and maintenance work is conducted on trout streams that have publicly owned land or easements.

Fish Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Bigmouth Buffalo Trap net 0.88 0.2 - 1.0 4.19 2.6 - 5.8
Gill net 3.00 0.8 - 7.0 0.34 N/A
Black Bullhead Trap net 44.50 11.5 - 132.6 0.42 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 51.33 30.3 - 150.6 0.39 0.2 - 0.4
Black Crappie Trap net 8.88 1.2 - 20.5 0.20 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 8.00 1.4 - 13.8 0.11 0.2 - 0.4
Common Carp Trap net 1.25 1.0 - 5.5 3.18 1.4 - 4.6
Gill net 7.67 1.0 - 13.8 3.64 0.8 - 3.7
Green Sunfish Trap net 0.12 0.2 - 1.9 0.16 0.1 - 0.2
Northern Pike Trap net 1.38 N/A 3.77 N/A
Gill net 10.67 1.1 - 8.0 1.84 1.8 - 3.4
Walleye Trap net 0.50 0.5 - 3.0 0.63 0.8 - 2.3
Gill net 19.33 2.3 - 18.1 0.84 1.0 - 2.3
White Sucker Trap net 1.12 0.3 - 2.6 1.03 1.0 - 2.0
Gill net 2.67 0.8 - 6.5 0.50 0.9 - 2.0
Yellow Bullhead Trap net 0.12 0.5 - 2.5 0.50 0.3 - 0.7
Gill net 0.33 0.5 - 3.5 0.55 0.3 - 0.7
Yellow Perch Trap net 0.88 0.3 - 3.8 0.45 0.1 - 0.3
Gill net 53.33 2.7 - 25.0 0.51 0.1 - 0.3
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2009 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
bigmouth buffalo 0 10 0 1 2 2 1 0 16
black bullhead 84 229 177 10 0 0 0 0 510
black crappie 63 22 6 0 0 0 0 0 95
common carp 0 4 0 0 21 5 3 0 33
green sunfish 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
northern pike 0 0 0 0 28 8 3 4 43
walleye 0 0 6 49 7 0 0 0 62
white sucker 0 10 1 1 5 0 0 0 17
yellow bullhead 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 2
yellow perch 0 19 143 1 0 0 0 0 167


For the record, the largest Quillback taken in Minnesota weighed 6 lbs., 14.4 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Mississippi River, Ramsey County
    When: 4/6/91
    Statistics: 23" length, 18" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2012 Walleye fry 200,246 1.8
2011 Northern Pike fingerlings 3,980 33.2
  Walleye fry 200,584 1.8
2010 Walleye fry 200,084 1.8
2009 Walleye yearlings 15 10.0
  Walleye fingerlings 9,921 362.0
  Walleye adults 57 33.0
2008 Northern Pike fry 101,917 1.7
  Northern Pike fingerlings 3,912 22.4
  Walleye fry 397,976 3.2
2007 Northern Pike fingerlings 782 13.0
  Walleye* fingerlings 4,139 398.0
2006 Walleye* fingerlings 9,950 398.0
2004 Northern Pike fingerlings 4,018 33.2

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 07/13/2009)

Kansas is a 398-acre lake located southwest of St. James in Watonwan County. The lake has a maximum depth of 7.0 feet and is a class 43 lake. The lake is managed for walleye primarily while northern pike, yellow perch, and black crappie are managed secondarily. A partial winterkill was suspected during the winter of 2007-08. A Winterkill Assessment during the spring of 2008 indicated that yellow perch survived the low oxygen levels fairly well. The lake was stocked with walleye and northern pike fry and northern pike fingerlings during the spring of 2008. Walleye fingerlings, yearlings, and adults were stocked into the lake in 2009. Oxygen levels dropped to below 2 ppm again during the winter of 2009-10.

Walleye numbers were high when compared to other lakes with similar morphology and chemical characteristics. Lengths of walleye caught in our gill nets ranged from 9.8 to 19.2 inches and averaged 13.1 inches. The majority of walleye sampled (88% of the walleye sampled) were age 2 and were likely the result of a fry stocking in 2008. The rest of the fish were age 3 and 4 which were likely the result of fingerling stockings in 2006 and 2007. The strong year class of 12 inch walleye is the primary reason for the high gill net catch rate in 2009. It is hopeful that since the walleye are small, low oxygen levels during the winter of 2009-10 will have a minimal impact on the walleye population.

Yellow perch numbers were very high when compared to other lakes similar to Kansas. Lengths of yellow perch sampled in gill nets ranged from 6.0 to 12.1 inches with an average length of 10.0 inches. Many of the perch caught in our gill nets were in the 9.5 to 11.0 inch range.

Northern pike numbers were also high when compared to lakes similar to Kansas. Lengths of northern pike caught in our gill nets ranged from 15.9 to 27.1 inches with an average length of 19.8 inches. There were three northern pike sampled in trap nets that were over 30 inches in length.

Black crappie numbers were what we would expect for lakes similar to Kansas. Lengths of black crappie caught in our trap nets ranged from 4.1 to 9.8 inches with an average length of 6.6 inches. There appears to be two year classes of black crappie present in the lake.

There are good numbers of black bullhead in Kansas for those who would like a meal of fresh bullhead. Lengths of black bullhead caught in our trap nets ranged from 3.9 to 12.3 inches with an average length of 8.6 inches.

Other fish sampled during the assessment included bigmouth buffalo, common carp, yellow bullhead, and green sunfish.

To maintain a healthy fishery in Kansas Lake, we need to promote Best Management Practices (BMPs) within the watershed to help reduce nutrients entering the lake. High nutrients and sediments in a lake can cause algae blooms and reduce water clarity.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
175 Co Rd 26
Windom, MN 56101-1868
Phone: (507) 831-2900
Internet: Windom Fisheries
E-Mail: Windom.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
No depth map available.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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