Lake information report

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Name: Long

Nearest Town: Saint James
Primary County: Watonwan
Survey Date: 06/28/2010
Inventory Number: 83004000
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Public Access Information

Ownership Type Description
DNR Concrete STATE OWNED PUBLIC ACCESS ON THE SOUTHWEST CORNER OF THE LAKE.


Lake Characteristics

Lake Area (acres): 263.29
Littoral Area (acres): 264
Maximum Depth (ft): 13
Water Clarity (ft): 2.5 (2-3)

Dominant Bottom Substrate: N/A
Abundance of Aquatic Plants: N/A
Maximum Depth of Plant Growth (ft): N/A


Did you know? Lake rehabilitation projects reclaim waters suffering from habitat degradation and overpopulation of some fish species.

Fish Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species

Gear Used

Number of fish per net

Average Fish Weight (lbs)

Normal Range (lbs)

Caught

Normal Range

Black Bullhead Trap net 7.78 11.5 - 132.6 0.54 0.2 - 0.4
Gill net 32.33 30.3 - 150.6 0.20 0.2 - 0.4
Black Crappie Trap net 23.78 1.2 - 20.5 0.21 0.2 - 0.5
Gill net 43.00 1.4 - 13.8 0.17 0.2 - 0.4
Bluegill Trap net 0.89 1.2 - 20.0 0.25 0.1 - 0.4
Channel Catfish Trap net 0.11 N/A 4.08 N/A
Gill net 1.67 N/A 2.99 N/A
Common Carp Trap net 2.56 1.0 - 5.5 2.93 1.4 - 4.6
Gill net 3.00 1.0 - 13.8 3.41 0.8 - 3.7
Freshwater Drum Trap net 2.44 0.2 - 3.3 0.55 0.3 - 1.0
Gill net 39.33 0.5 - 8.3 0.42 0.4 - 1.7
Green Sunfish Gill net 0.33 0.4 - 6.5 0.05 N/A
Northern Pike Trap net 0.22 N/A 8.60 N/A
Gill net 1.33 1.1 - 8.0 3.08 1.8 - 3.4
Walleye Trap net 0.22 0.5 - 3.0 3.56 0.8 - 2.3
Gill net 1.00 2.3 - 18.1 0.27 1.0 - 2.3
White Crappie Trap net 0.11 0.3 - 6.0 0.49 0.3 - 0.6
Yellow Perch Gill net 2.00 2.7 - 25.0 0.15 0.1 - 0.3
Normal Ranges represent typical catches for lakes with similar physical and chemical characteristics.


Length of Selected Species (Trapnet, Gillnet) Sampled for the 2010 Survey Year

Species Number of fish caught in each category (inches)
0-5 6-8 9-11 12-14 15-19 20-24 25-29 30+ Total
black bullhead 26 66 73 0 0 0 0 0 167
black crappie 1 326 7 0 0 0 0 0 343
bluegill 2 6 0 0 0 0 0 0 8
channel catfish 0 0 0 0 2 4 0 0 6
common carp 0 0 0 0 24 8 0 0 32
freshwater drum 0 68 38 31 3 0 0 0 140
green sunfish 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
northern pike 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 1 6
walleye 0 1 2 0 0 2 0 0 5
white crappie 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1
yellow perch 2 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 6


For the record, the largest Walleye taken in Minnesota weighed 17 lbs., 8 oz. and was caught:

    Where: Seagull River at Saganaga Lake, Cook County
    When: 5/13/79
    Statistics: 35.8" length, 21.3" girth

Fish Stocking Activity

Fish Stocked by Species for the Last Ten Years

Year Species Size Number Pounds
2012 Walleye 35,955 31.8
2011 Walleye 42,347 16.0
2010 Walleye yearlings 119 56.0
  Walleye fingerlings 5,772 230.0
  Walleye adults 18 18.0
  Walleye fingerlings 1,440 80.0
2008 Walleye fingerlings 9,975 385.0
2007 Walleye fingerlings 14,592 384.0
2005 Walleye fingerlings 5,961 398.0
2004 Walleye fingerlings 5,890 368.0

Privately Stocked Fish
* indicates privately stocked fish. Private stocking includes fish purchased by the DNR for stocking and fish purchased and stocked by private citizens and sporting groups.

Stocking Fish Sizes
Fry - Newly hatched fish that are ready to be stocked usually called "swim-ups". Walleye fry are 1/3 of an inch or around 8 mm.
Fingerling - Fingerlings are one to six months old and can range from a size of one to twelve inches depending on the species. Walleye fingerlings range from three to eight inches each fall.
Yearling - Yearling fish are at least one year old. A one-year-old fish can range from three to twenty inches depending on the species. Walleye yearlings average from six to twelve inches.
Adult - Adult fish are fish that have reached maturity. Depending on the species, maturity can be reached at two years of age. Walleye reach maturity between the ages of four and six years.

Fish Consumption Guidelines

No fish consumption guidelines are available for this lake. For more information, see the "Fish Consumption Advice" pages at the Minnesota Department of Health.


Status of the Fishery (as of 06/28/2010)

Long is a 264-acre lake located 5 miles south of St. James in Watonwan County. Long is managed for walleye primarily while black crappie, bluegill, largemouth bass, and yellow perch are managed as a secondary species.

The walleye gill net catch rate of 1.0 fish/net in 2010 was nearly equivalent to 2006. The gill net catch rate was slightly higher in 2002 when 3.6 fish/net were caught. The average length of fish caught in gill nets was only 10 inches; however, the average length caught near shore in our trap nets was 21.4 inches. This may indicate that at the time of the survey, the larger fish were near shore foraging. Starting in 2011 we will be trying a new stocking strategy to try and improve net catches in the future. We typically stock walleye fingerlings (8-10 inches long) in the fall of the year. Starting in 2011 we will be stocking higher numbers, but smaller sized walleye in the late spring to early summer.

Yellow perch numbers were also low in Long Lake based on our survey results in 2010. Lengths of yellow perch caught in our gill nets ranged from 5.4 to 8.6 inches and averaged 7.5 inches.

Black crappie numbers were high in Long Lake in 2010. Lengths of black crappie caught in our trap nets ranged from 6.1 to 9.7 inches and averaged 7.2 inches. Bluegill were also caught in our trap nets in 2010. Lengths of bluegill ranged from 5.9 to 7.8 inches and averaged 6.9 inches.

We do not manage for northern pike in Long Lake but a fair population is present. The average length of northern pike caught in our nets was 25.8 inches with one fish over 35 inches in length.

We did not electrofish with a boat for largemouth bass in 2010 to assess the population but local anglers on the lake some very nice largemouth bass are present in Long Lake. Largemouth bass were sampled with shoreline seines and a back pack electrofishing unit.

Black bullhead numbers were also down but appear to be higher than they were in 2006. Lengths of black bullhead caught in trap nets ranged from 6.0 to 11.1 inches and averaged 9.9 inches.

The freshwater drum gill net CPUE of 39.3 fish/net in 2010 was the highest ever recorded on Long Lake. The gillnet CPUE in 2010 was over twice as high as the gill net CPUE of 15.0 fish/net in 2006 and almost 10 times higher than the catch rate of 3.4 fish/net in 2002. Lengths of freshwater drum caught in gill nets ranged from 8 to 16 inches and averaged 10 inches. The freshwater drum population was dominated by fish in the 8 to 9.5 inch range. This strong year class impacted the 2010 gill net catch rate.

Other fish caught in our nets during the fish survey included common carp, channel catfish, green sunfish, and fathead minnows.

To maintain a healthy fishery in Long Lake; we need to promote Best Management Practices (BMP's) within the watershed to help reduce nutrients entering the lake. High nutrients and sediments in a lake can cause algae blooms and reduce water clarity.


For more information on this lake, contact:

Area Fisheries Supervisor
175 Co Rd 26
Windom, MN 56101-1868
Phone: (507) 831-2900
Internet: Windom Fisheries
E-Mail: Windom.Fisheries@state.mn.us

Lake maps can be obtained from:

Minnesota Bookstore
660 Olive Street
St. Paul, MN 55155
(651) 297-3000 or (800) 657-3757
To order, use C0751 for the map-id.


For general DNR Information, contact:

DNR Information Center
500 Lafayette Road
St. Paul, MN 55155-4040
TDD: (651) 296-6157 or (888) MINNDNR
Internet: www.dnr.state.mn.us
E-Mail: info.dnr@state.mn.us

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