Watershed Assessment Tool References

REFERENCE LIST by author

 

A  H-I  Q-R 

A

 

Aadland, L. Minnesota Department of Natural resources, Stream Habitat Program.

Abdul-Aziz, O. I. Wilson, B. N. Gulliver, J. S. 2007. Calibration and validation of an empirical dissolved oxygen model. ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS, RESTON; 1801 ALEXANDER BELL DR, RESTON, VA 20191-4400 USA.Journal of Environmental Engineering-ASCE 7:698-710.

Adams, M. S. Uta Ballin. Thomas Gaumert, Brack W. Hale, Hartmut Kausch and Reinhard Kruse. 2001. Monitoring selected indicators of ecological change in the Elbe River since the fall of the Iron Curtain. Environmental Conservation 28, 04:333-344.

Adams, S. M. and American Fisheries Society. 2002. Biological indicators of aquatic ecosystem stress. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md.

Albert, D. A. L. D. Minc. 2004. Plants as regional indicators of Great Lakes coastal wetland health. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 7, 2:233-247.

Allan, D. Donna Erickson. John Fay. 1997. The influence of catchment land use on stream integrity across multiple spatial scales. Freshwater Biology 37, 1:149-161.

Allan, D. J. 2004. Landscapes and Riverscapes: The influence of land use on stream ecosystems. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 35, 1:257-284.

Amoros, C. A. L. Roux. J. L. Reygrobellet, L. P. Bravard and G. Pantou. 1987. A method for applied ecological studies of fluvial hydrosystems. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 1, 17-38.

Annear, T. I. Chisholm. H. Beecher, A. Locke, P. Aarestad, et al. 2002. Instream flows for riverine resource stewardship. Instream Flow Council, Cheyenne, WY

B

return to top

Benke, A. C. 2001. Importance of flood regime to invertebrate habitat in an unregulated river-floodplain ecosystem. Journal of North American Benthological Society 20, 2:225-240.

Bicknell, B. R. J. C. Imhoff. J. L. Little and R. C. Johanson. 1993. Hydrologic Simulation Program-FORTRAN (HSPF): User's Manual for release 10.0. EPA 600/3-84-066. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Research Laboratory, Athens, GA

Birr, A. S. D. J. Mulla.  2001. Evaluation of the phosphorus index in watersheds at the regional scale. Journal of Environmental Quality 30, 6:2018-2025.

Bledsoe, B. P. M. C. Brown. D. A. Raff. 2007. Geotools: A toolkit for fluvial system analysis. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43, 3:757-772.

Boody, G. Bruce Vondracek. Davis A. Andow, Mara Krinke, John Westra, Julie Zimmerman and Patrick Welle. 2005. Multifunctional agriculture in the United States. BioScience 55, 1:27-38.

Booth, D. T. S. E. Cox. G. Simonds. 2007. Riparian monitoring using 2-cm GSD aerial photography. Ecological Indicators 7, 3:636-648.

Bovee, K. D. B. L. Lamb. J. M. Bartholow, C. D. Stalnaker, J. Taylor and J. Hendricksen. 1998. Stream habitat analysis using the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology. Fort Collins, CO:U.S Geological Survey, Biological resources Division (Information and Technical Report USGS/BRD-1998-0004) 131.

Brainwood, M. Shelley Burgin. Maria Byrne. 2006. Is the decline of freshwater mussel populations in a regulated coastal river in south-eastern Australia linked with human modification of habitat? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 16, 5:501-516.

Brazner, J. C. N. P. Danz. G. J. Niemi, R. R. Regal, A. S. Trebitz, et al. 2007. Evaluation of geographic, geomorphic and human influences on Great Lakes wetland indicators: A multi-assemblage approach. Ecological Indicators 7, 3:610-635.

Brierley, G. J. Kirstie Fryirs. 2000. River Styles, a geomorphic approach to catchment characterization: Implications for river rehabilitation in Bega catchment, New South Wales, Australia. Environmental Management 25, 6:661-679.

Brooks, C. P. 2003. A scalar analysis of landscape connectivity. Oikos 102, 433-439.

Brown, L. R. and American Fisheries Society. Water Quality Section. 2005. Effects of urbanization on stream ecosystems. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md.

Bryce, S. 2006. Development of a bird integrity index: Measuring avian response to disturbance in the Blue Mountains of Oregon, USA. Environmental Management 38, 3:470-486.

Burkholder, J. Bob Libra. Peter Weyer, Susan Heathcote, Dana Kolpin, Peter S. Thorne and Michael Wichman. 2007. Impacts of wast from concentrated animal feeding operations on water quality. Environmental Health Perspectives 115, 2:308-312.

Burton, M. L. Lisa J. Samuelson. Shufen Pan. 2005. Riparian woody plant diversity and forest structure along an urban-rural gradient. Urban Ecosystems 8, 1:93-106.

Buseman, L. G. Sands. 2002. Agricultural drainage publication series: Issues and answers. MN Extension 07740. http://www.extension.umn.edu.floyd.lib.umn.edu/distribution/cropsystems/DC7740.html viewed November 20, 2007.

C

return to top

Campbell, K. L. S. Kumar. H. P. Johnson. 1972. Stream straightening effects on flood-runoff characteristics. Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers 15, 94-98.

Caraco, N. F. Jonathan J. Cole. Stuart E. G. Findlay, David T. Fischer, Gregory G. Lampman, Michael L. Pace and David L. Strayer. 2000. Dissolved oxygen declines in the Hudson River associated with the invasion of the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha). Environmental Science & Technology 34, 7:1204-1210.

Carlisle, D. M. James Falcone. David M. Wolock, Michael R. Meador and Richard H. Norris. 2009. Predicting the natural flow regime: models for assessing hydrological alteration in streams. River Research and Applications 9999, 9999:

Center for Watershed Protection. March 2003. Impacts of Impervious cover on Aquatic Systems.

Cesur, D. 2007. GIS as an information technology framework for water modeling. Journal of Hydroinformatics 9, 2:123-134.

Cho, J. V. A. Barone. S. Mostaghimi. 2009. Simulation of land use impacts on groundwater levels and streamflow in a Virginia watershed. Agricultural Water Management 96, 1:1-11.

Coats, R. M. Larsen. A. Heyvaert, J. Thomas, M. Luck and J. Reuter. 2008. Nutrient and sediment production, watershed characteristics, and land use in the Tahoe basin, California-Nevada. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44, 3:754-770.

D

return to top

Daily, G. C. 1997. Nature's Services: Societal Dependance on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, D.C.

Dalgleish, H. J. Abigail R. Kula. David C. Hartnett and Brett K. Sandercock. 2008. Responses of two bunchgrasses to nitrogen addition in tallgrass prairie: the role of bud bank demography. American Journal of Botany 95, 6:672-680.

Darveau, M. Patrick Beauchesne. Louis Belanger, Jean Huot and Pierre Larue. 1995. Riparian forest strips as habitat for breeding birds in boreal forest. The Journal of Wildlife Management 59, 1:67-78.

Davis, D. M. P. H. Gowda. D. J. Mulla and G. W. Randall. 2000. Modeling nitrate nitrogen leaching in response to nitrogen fertilizer rate and tile drain depth or spacing for southern Minnesota, USA. Journal of Environmental Quality 29, 5:1568-1581.

Geoffrey N. Delin. J. D. Falteisek. 2007 Groundwater Recharge in Minnesotahttp://tc.liblink.umn.edu.floyd.lib.umn.edu/sfx_local?sid=Refworks%3AThe%20University%20of%20Minneso&charset=utf-8&__char_set=utf8&genre=article&aulast=Delin&auinit=G.N.&date=2007&volume=2007&pages=6&issue=Nov&atitle=Groundwater%20Recharge%20in%20Minnesota&spage=6&au=Delin%2CGeoffrey%20N.%20&U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2007-3002Nov2007

Detenbeck, N. E. V. J. Brady. D. L. Taylor, V. M. Snarski and S. L. Batterman. 2005. Relationship of stream flow regime in the western Lake Superior basin to watershed type characteristics. Journal of Hydrology 309, 1-4:258-276.

Detenbeck, N. E. S. L. Batterman. V. J. Brady, J. C. Brazner, V. M. Snarski, D. L. Taylor, J. A. Thompson and J. W. Arthur. 2000. A test of watershed classification systems for ecological risk assessment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19, 4:1174-1181.

Detenbeck, N. E. Colleen M. Elonen. Debra L. Taylor, Leroy E. Anderson, Terri M. Jicha and Sharon L. Batterman. 2003. Effects of hydrogeomorphic region, catchment storage and mature forest on baseflow and snowmelt stream water quality in second-order Lake Superior Basin tributaries. Freshwater Biology 48, 5:912-927.

Detenbeck, N. E. Carol A. Johnston. Gerald J. Niemi. 1993. Wetland effects on lake water quality in the Minneapolis/St. Paul metropolitan area. Landscape Ecology 8, 1:39-61.

Diebel, M. Mark Fedora. Stewart Cogswell. 2009. Prioritizing road crossing improvment to restore stream connectivity for stream-resident fish. Proceedings of the 2009 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation 1-18.

Dunne. T., and L.B. Leopold. 1978. Water in Environmental Planning. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company. 818 pp.

return to top

Ekasingh, B. R. A. Letcher. 2008. Successes and failures to embed socioeconomic dimensions in integrated natural resource management modeling: Lessons from Thailand. Mathematics and Computers in Simulation 78, 2-3:137-145.

F

Farahmand, T. S. W. Fleming. E. J. Quilty. 2007. Detection and visualization of storm hydrograph changes under urbanization: An impulse response approach. Journal of environmental management 85, 1:93-100.

Fitch, L. and N. Ambrose. 2003. Riparian area: A user's guide to health. Lethbridge, Alberta: Cows and fish program.

Fitzpatrick, F. A. James C. Knox. Heather E. Whitman. 1999. Effects of historical land-cover changes on flooding and sedimentation, North Fish Creek, Wisconsin. USGS Water Resources Investigation Report 99-4083 June 1999, 1-12.

Fleming, S. W. E. J. Quilty. 2007. Toward a practical method for setting screening-level, ecological risk-based water temperature criteria and monitoring compliance. Environmental monitoring and assessment 131, 1-3:83-94.

Flinders, C. A. R. J. Horwitz. T. Belton. 2008. Relationship of fish and macroinvertebrate communities in the mid-Atlantic uplands: Implications for integrated assessments. Ecological Indicators 8, 5:588-598.

Frappier, B. Robert T. Eckert. 2007. A new index of habitat alteration and a comparison of approaches to predict stream habitat conditions. Freshwater Biology 52, 10:2009-2020.

return to top

Gagn, F. C. Blaise. C. Andr, C. Gagnon and M. Salazar. 2007. Neuroendocrine disruption and health effects in Elliptio complanata mussels exposed to aeration lagoons for wastewater treatment. Chemosphere 68, 4:731-743.

Galatowitsch, S. M. Diane C. Whited. Richard Lehtinen, Jason Husveth and Karen Schik. 2000. The Vegetation of Wet Meadows in Relation to Their Land-use. Environmental monitoring and assessment 60, 2:121-144.

Genet, J. A. A. R. Olsen. 2008. Assessing depressional wetland quantity and quality using a probabilistic sampling design in the Redwood River watershed, Minnesota, USA. Wetlands 28, 2:324-335.

Gergel, S. E. Monica G. Turner. James R. Miller, John M. Melack and Emily H. Stanley. 2002. Landscape indicators of human impacts to riverine systems. Aquatic Sciences - Research Across Boundaries 64, 2:118-128.

Gergel, S. E. Monica G. Turner. Timothy K. Kratz. 1999. Dissolved Organic Carbon as an Indicator of the Scale of Watershed Influence on Lakes and Rivers. Ecological Applications 9, 4:1377-1390.

Gibson, J. J. M. A. Sadek. D. J. M. Stone, C. E. Hughes, S. Hankin, D. I. Cendon and S. E. Hollins. 2008. Evaporative isotope enrichment as a constraint on reach water balance along a dryland river. Isotopes in environmental and health studies 44, 1:83-98.

Goetz, S. J. R. K. Wright. A. J. Smith, E. Zinecker and E. Schaub. 2003. IKONOS imagery for resource management: Tree cover, impervious surfaces, and riparian buffer analyses in the mid-Atlantic region. Remote Sensing of Environment 88, 1-2:195-208.

Goldstein, R. M. Michael R. Meador. Kelly E. Ruhl. 2007. Relative Influence of Streamflows in Assessing Temporal Variability in Stream Habitat. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43, 3:642-650.

Gordon, N. D., T. A. McMahon and B. L. Finlayson. 1992. Stream Hydrology. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, England.

Gore, J. A. James B. Layzer. Jim Mead. 2001. Macroinvertebrate instream flow studies after 20 years: a role in stream management and restoration. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 17, 4-5:527-542.

Gowda, P. H. David J. Mulla. Dan B. Jaynes. 2008. Simulated long-term nitrogen losses for a midwestern agricultural watershed in the United States. Agricultural Water Management 95, 5:616-624.

Groffman, P. M. Marshall Kamau Crawford. 2003. Denitrification Potential in Urban Riparian Zones. Journal of Environmental Quality 32, 3:1144-1149.

H-I 

return to top

Ha, S. J. Michael K. Stenstrom. 2008. Predictive modeling of storm-water runoff quantity and quality for a large urban watershed. Journal of Environmental Engineering 134, 9:703-711.

Haase, R. Ulrike Nolte. 2008. The invertebrate species index (ISI) for streams in southeast Queensland, Australia. Ecological Indicators 8, 5:599-613.

Hall, L. W. W. D. Killen. 2006. Historical assessments and comparisons of benthic communities and physical habitat in two agricultural streams in California's San Joaquin watershed. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A-Toxic/hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering 41, 11:2635-2664.

Hancock, G. R. J. Nuake. S. G. Fityus. 2006. Modelling of sediment dynamics in a laboratory-scale experimental catchment. Hydrological Processes 20, 1:67-84.

Hanson, M. A. Kyle D. Zimmer. Malcolm G. Butler, Brian A. Tangen, Brian R. Herwig and Ned H. Euliss Jr. 2005. Biotic Interactions as Determinants of Ecosystem Structure in Prairie Wetlands: An Example Using Fish. Wetlands 25, 3:764-775.

Harding, J. S. E. F. Benfield. P. V. Bolstad, G. S. Helfman and E. B. D. Jones. 1998. Stream biodiversity: The ghost of land use past. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95, 25:14843-14847.

Hayes, T. Atif Collins. Melissa Lee, Magdelena Mendoza, Nigel Noriega, A. Ali Stuart and Aaron Vonk. 2002. Hermaphroditic, demasculinized frogs after exposure to the herbicide atrazine at lin ecologically relevant doses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 99, 8:5476-5480.

Hecnar, S. J. 2004. Great Lakes wetlands as amphibian habitats: A review. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 7, 2:289-303.

Heiskary, S. Bruce Wilson. 2008. Minnesota's approach to lake nutrient criteria development. Lake and Reservoir Management 24, 282-297.

Herrick, J. E. Joel R. Brown. Arlene J. Tugel, Patrick L. Shaver and Kris M. Havstad. 2002. Application of soil quality to monitoring and management: Paradigms from rangeland ecology. Agron J 94, 1:3-11.

Herzon, I. Juha Helenius. 2008. Agricultural drainage ditches, their biological importance and functioning. Biological Conservation 141, 5:1171-1183.

Hession, W. C. J. E. Pizzuto. T. E. Johnson and R. J. Horwitz. 2003. Influence of bank vegetation on channel morphology in rural and urban watersheds. Geology 31, 2:147-150.

Hooper, D. U. III Chapin F. S. J. J. Ewel, A. Hector, P. Inchausti, et al. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem processes: Implications for ecosystem management [ESA Public Affairs Office, Position Paper].

Horwitz, R. J. T. E. Johnson. P. F. Overbeck, T. K. O'Donnell, W. C. Hession and B. W. Sweeney. 2008. Effects of riparian vegetation and watershed urbanization on fishes in streams of the mid-Atlantic piedmont (USA). Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44, 3:724-741.

Hupp, C. R. W. R. Osterkamp. 1996. Riparian vegetation and fluvial geomorphic processes. Geomorphology 14, 4:277-295.

Inglis, C.C. 1949. The behavior and control of rivers and canals. Vicksburg, MS: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station.

return to top

Jaworski, N. A. 1993. The application of the ecotone concept in defining nutrient management requirements for the upper Potomac River basin. Hydrobiologia 251, 1:341-349.

Jefferson, A. Anne Nolin. Sarah Lewis and Christina Tague. 2008. Hydrogeologic controls on streamflow sensitivity to climate variation. Hydrological Processes 22, 22:4371-4385.

Jelks, H. L. Stehphan J. Welsh. Noel M. Burkhead, Salvador Contreras-Balderas, Edmundo Diaz-Pardo, et al. 2008. Conservation status of imperiled north American freshwater and diadromous fishes. American Fisheries Society 33, 8:372-407.

Johnes, P. Brian Moss. Geoffrey Phillips. 1996. The determination of total nitrogen and total phosphorus concentrations in freshwaters from land use, stock headage and population data: testing of a model for use in conservation and water quality management. Freshwater Biology 36, 2:451-473.

Johnson, L. Carl Richards. George Host and John Arthur. 1997. Landscape influences on water chemistry in Midwestern stream ecosystems. Freshwater Biology 37, 1:193-208.

Johnston, C. A. Scott D. Bridgham. Joseph P. Schubauer-Berigan. 2001. Nutrient dynamics in relation to geomorphology of riverine wetlands. Soil Science Society of America Journal 65, 2:557-577.

Jones, K. B. Anne C. Neale. Maliha S. Nash, Rick D. Van Remortel, James D. Wickham, Kurt H. Riitters and Robert V. O'Neill. 2001. Predicting nutrient and sediment loadings to streams from landscape metrics: A multiple watershed study from the United States Mid-Atlantic Region. Landscape Ecology 16, 4:301-312.

Junk, W. J., P. B. Bayley and R. E. sparks. Dodge, D. P. The flood pulse concept in river-floodplain systems. Proceedings of the International Large River Symposium (LARS). Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 106, 110-127.

K

return to top

Kapo, K. E. G. A. Burton. 2006. A geographic information systems-based, weights-of-evidence approach for diagnosing aquatic ecosystem impairment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25, 8:2237-2249.

Karr, J. R. I. J. Schlosser. 1978. Water esources and the land-water interface. Science 201, 229-234.

Karr, J. R. 1981. Assessment of biotic integrity using fish communities. Fisheries 6, 6:21-27.

Knox, J. C. 1977. Human impacts on Wisconsin stream channels. Annals of the Association of american Geographers 67, 3:323-342.

Kondolf, G. M. A. J. Boulton. S. O'Daniel, G. C. Poole, F. J. Rahel, et al. 2006. Process-based ecological river restoration: Visualizing three-dimensional connectivity and dynamic vactors to recover lost linkages. Ecology and Society 11, 2:5.

Kondolf, G. M. 1997. Hungry Water: Effects of dams and gravel mining on river channels. Environmental Managment 21, 4:533-551.

Kroger, R. M. M. Holland. M. T. Moore and C. M. Cooper. 2008. Agricultural drainage ditches mitigate phosphorus loads as a function of hydrological variability. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 1:107-113.

return to top

Ladson, A. R. Lindsay J. White. Jane A. Doolan, Brian L. Finlayson, Barry T. Hart, P. Sam Lake and John W. Tilleard. 1999. Development and testing of an Index of Stream Condition for waterway management in Australia. Fresh Water Biology 41, 2:453-468.

Lammert, M. J. D. Allan. 1999. Assessing Biotic Integrity of Streams: Effects of Scale in Measuring the Influence of Land Use/Cover and Habitat Structure on Fish and Macroinvertebrates. Environmental management 23, 2:257-270.

Landis, W. G. 2003. Twenty years before and hence; Ecological risk assessment at multiple scales with multiple stressors and multiple endpoints. Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 9, 5:1317-1326.

 

Lane, E. W. 1955. The importance of fluvial morphology in hydraulic engineering. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers 81(745): 1-17.

Leopold, L. B., M. G. Wolman, and J. P. Miller. 1964. Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.

Lin, Y. Yun-Bin Lin. Yen-Tan Wang and Nien-Ming Hong. 2008. Monitoring and predicting land-use changes and the hydrology of the urbanized Paochiao watershed in Taiwan using remote sensing data, urban growth models and a hydrological model. Sensors 8, 2:658-680.

Liu, Z. J. D. E. Weller. T. E. Jordan, D. L. Correll and K. B. Boomer. 2008. Integrated modular modeling of water and nutrients from point and nonpoint sources in the Patuxent River watershed. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44, 3:700-723.

Locantore, N. W. Liem T. Tran. Robert V. O'Neill, Peter W. McKinnis, Elizabeth R. Smith and Michael O'Connell. 2004. An overview of data integration methods for regional assessment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 94, 249-261.

Lorenz, D. L. Geoffrey N. Delin. Anonymous 2006. a regression model to estimate regional ground water recharge. Ground Water 1-13.

Lussier, S. M. S. N. da Silva. M. Charpentier, J. F. Heltshe, S. M. Cormier, D. J. Klemm, M. Chintala and S. Jayaraman. 2008. The influence of suburban land use on habitat and biotic integrity of coastal Rhode Island streams. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 139, 1-3:119-136.

Lyons, J. 2006. A fish-based index of biotic integrity to assess intermittent headwater streams in Wisconsin, USA. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 122, 1-3:239-258.

return to top

McBride, M. Derek B. Booth. 2005. Urban impacts on physical stream condition: Effects of spatial scale, connectivity, and longitudinal trends. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 41, 3:565-580.

Metcalfe-Smith, J. L. Shawn K. Staton. Gerald L. Mackie and Nancy M. Lane. 1998. Changes in the biodiversity of freshwater mussels in the Canadian waters of the lower Great Lakes Drainage Basin over the past 140 years. Journal of Great Lakes Resources 24, 4:845-858.

Miller, J. E. D. L. Frink. 1984. Changes in flood response of the Red River of the North Basin, North Dakota-Minneasota. U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 2243.

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2010 Groundwater Provinceshttp://tc.liblink.umn.edu.floyd.lib.umn.edu/sfx_local?sid=Refworks%3AThe%20University%20of%20Minneso&charset=utf-8&__char_set=utf8&genre=article&aulast=Minnesota%20Department%20of%20Natural%20Resources&date=2010&volume=2009&issue=Nov&atitle=Groundwater%20Provinces&au=Minnesota%20Department%20of%20Natural%20Resources%20&Nov2009

Minnesota Dept. of Natural Resources. 2004. Healthy Rivers, A Water Course. CD ROM. Division of Ecological Services, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.

Minnesota Dept of Natural Resources. 2004. Natural Resource Guide: A Guide to Using Natural Resource Information in Local Decision Making. CD ROM or online at http://files.dnr.state.mn.us/assistance/nrplanning/community/nrig/fullguide/overview.html.

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2006. Tomorrow's Habitat for the wild and Rare: An Action Plan for Minnesota Wildlife, Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. Division of Ecological services, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources,

Montgomery, D. R. L. H. MacDonald. 2002. Diagnostic approach to stream channel assessment and monitoring. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 38, 1:1-16.

Moore, Brad, Commissioner, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, Environmental Outcomes Division. 2007. Guidance Manuel for Assessing the Quality of MN Surface Waters for the Determination of Impairment 305(b) and 303(d) List. St. Paul, MN.

Moore, I. D. C. K. Larson. 1979. Effects of drainage projects on surface runoff from small depressional watersheds in the North Central region. Bulletin 99.

Mosley, M. P. 1981. Semi-determinate hydraulic geometry of river channels, South Island, New Zealand. Earth Surface Process and Landforms 6:127-137.

Moyle, J. B. 1956. Relationships between the Chemistry of Minnesota Surface Waters and Wildlife Management. The Journal of Wildlife Management 20, 3:303-320.

return to top

Naeem, S. C. III Chapin F. S. Robert Costanza, Paul R. Ehrlich, Frank B. Golley, et al. 1999. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning; Maintaining Natural Life Support Processes. Issues in Ecology 4,

Naiman, R. J. and R. E. Bilby. 1998. River ecology and management :Lessons from the Pacific coastal ecoregion. Springer, New York.705.

Nakayama, T. Masataka Watanabe. 2008. Missing role of groundwater in water and nutrient cycles in the shallow eutrophic lake Kasumigaura, Japan. Hydrological Processes 22, 8:1150-1172.

Nangia, V. P. H. Gowda. D. J. Mulla and G. R. Sands. 2008. Water quality modeling of fertilizer management impacts on nitrate losses in tile drains at the field scale. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 2:296-307.

Nilsson, C. K. Berggren. 2000. Alterations of riparian ecosystems caused by river regulations. BioScience 50, 783-792.

Norton, S. B. Susan M. Cormier. Marc Smith and R. Christian Jones. 2000. Can biological assessments discriminate among types of stress? A case study from the eastern corn belt plains ecoregion. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 19, 4:1113-1119.

Noss, R. 1990. Indicators ofr monitoring biodiversity: A hierarchial approach. Conservation Biology 4, 4:355-364.

Ode, P. R. A. C. Rehn. J. T. May. 2005. A quantitative tool for assessing the integrity of southern coastal California streams. Environmental management 35, 4:493-504.

return to top

Oquist, K. A. J. S. Strock. D. J. Mulla. 2007. Influence of alternative and conventional farming practices on subsurface drainage and water quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 36, 4:1194-1204.

Oquist, K. A. J. S. Strock. D. J. Mulla. 2006. Influence of alternative and conventional management practices on soil physical and hydraulic properties. Vadose Zone Journal 5, 1:356-364.

Palmer, M. A. Christine C. Hakenkamp. Karen Nelson-Baker. 1997. Ecological heterogeneity in streams: Why variance matters. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16, 1:189-202.

Pardo, L. H. C. T. Driscoll. G. E. Likens. 1995. Patterns of nitrate loss from a chronosequence of clear-cut watersheds. Water Air and Soil Pollution 85, 3:1659-1664.

Parr, L. B. C. F. Masonn. 2003. Long-term trends in water quality and their impact on macroinvertebrate assemblages in eutrophic lowland rivers. Water Research 37, 12:2969-2979.

Pascual, M. A. V. Cussac. B. Dyer, D. Soto, P. Vigliano, S. Ortubay and P. Macchi. 2007. Freshwater fishes of Patagonia in the 21st Century after a hundred years of human settlement, species introductions, and environmental change. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 10, 2:212-227.

Patrick, R. John Palms. Danielle Kreeger and Charles Harris. 2007. Twenty-five-year study of radionuclides in the Susquehanna River via periphyton biomonitors. Health physics 92, 1:1-9.

Patty, S. S. N. Roth. D. Mountain. 1999. Maryland, the Power Plant Research Program, and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Science of the Total Environment 240, 1-3:171-188.

Petts, G. E., and I. Foster. 1985. Rivers and Landscape. London: Edward Arnold.

Poff, N. L. J. D. Allan. M. B. Bain, J. R. Karr, K. L. Prestegaard, B. D. Richter, R. E. Sparks and J. C. Stromberg. 1997. The natural flow regime: A paradigm for river conservation and restoration. BioScience 47, 11:769-784.

Poff, N. L. Brian P. Bledsoe. Christopher O. Cuhaciyan. 2006. Hydrologic variation with land use across the contiguous United States: Geomorphic and ecological consequences for stream ecosystems. Geomorphology 79, 3-4:264-285.

Q-R

return to top

Ra, J. S. S. D. Kim. N. I. Chang and K. G. An. 2007. Ecological health assessments based on whole effluent toxicity tests and the index of biological integrity in temperate streams influenced by wastewater treatment plant effluents. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26, 9:2010-2018.

Reuter, R. J. Jay C. Bell. 2003. Hillslope hydrology and soil morphology for a wetland basin in south-central Minnesota. Soil Science Society of America Journal 67, 1:365-372.

Richards, K. 1982. Rivers: Form and Process in Alluvial Channels. London: Methuen & Company.

Riva, C. Andrea Binelli. Alfredo Provini. 2008. Evaluation of several priority pollutants in zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in the largest Italian subalpine lakes. Environmental Pollution 151, 3:652-662.

Roni, P., E. Quimby and American Fisheries Society. 2005. Monitoring stream and watershed restoration. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md.

Rosgen, D. L. 1996. Applied River Morphology. Wildland Hydrology Books, Pagosa Springs, Colorado.

Rosgen, D. L. 1994. A classification of natural rivers. Catena 22, 169-199.

Roth, N. J. Allan. Donna Erickson. 1996. Landscape influences on stream biotic integrity assessed at multiple spatial scales. Landscape Ecology 11, 3:141-156.

Rosgen, D.L. 2006. Watershed Assessment of River Stability and Sediment Supply. Wildland Hydrology Books, Fort Collins, Colorado

return to top

Sandin, L. 2009. The effects of catchment land-use, near-stream vegetation, and river hydromorphology on benthic macroninvertebrate communities in a south-Swedish catchment. Fundamental and Applied Limnology 174, 1:75-87.

Satterlund, D. R. 1972. Wildland Watershed Management. Ronald Press, New York.

Schiff, R. Gaboury Benoit. 2007. Effects of impervious cover at multiple spatial scales on coastal watershed streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43, 3:712-730.

Schilling, K. E., M. K. Jha, Y. Zhang, P. W. Gassman and C. F. Wolter. Anonymous Anonymous 2008. Impact of land use and land cover change on the water balance of a large agricultural watershed: Historical effects and future directions. Water Resources Research 44,

Schlesinger, W.H., 1991. Biogeochemistry - An Analysis of Global Change. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Schlosser, I. J. 1991. Stream fish ecology: A landscape perspective. BioScience 41, 704-712.

Schoonover, J. E. B. Graeme Lockaby. Shufen Pan. 2005. Changes in chemical and physical propertiesof stream water across an urban-rural gradient in western Georgia. Urban Ecosystems 8, 1:107-124.

Serveiss, V. B. 2002. Applying ecological risk principles to watershed assessment and management. Environmental Management 29, 2:145-154.

Simon, T. P. Paul M. Stewart. Paul E. Rothrock. 2001. Development of multimetric indices of biotic integrity for riverine and palustrine wetland plant communities along Southern Lake Michigan. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 4, 3:293-309.

Smith, A. J. Robert W. Bode. Gary S. Kleppel. 2007. A nutrient biotic index (NBI) for use with benthic macroinvertebrate communities. Ecological Indicators 7, 2:371-386.

Stanford, J. A. J. V. Ward. 1988. The hyporheic habitat of river ecosystems. Nature 335, 64-66.

Staton, S. K. A. Dextrase. J. Metcalfe-Smith, J. Di Maio, M. Nelson, J. Parish, B. Kilgour and E. Holm. 2003. Status and trends of Ontario's Sydenham River Ecosystem in relation to aquatic species at risk. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 88, 1:283-310.

Steedman, R. 1988. Modification and assessment of an index of biotic integrity to quantify stream quality in southern Onterio. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45, 492-501.

Stepenuck, K. F. R. L. Crunkilton. M. A. Bozek and L. Z. Wang. 2008. Comparison of macroinvertebrate-derived stream quality metrics between snag and riffle habitats. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44, 3:670-678.

Stewart, J. S. Lizhu Wang. John Lyons, Judy A. Horwatich and Roger Bannerman. 2001. Influences of watershed, riparian-corridor, and reach-scale characterisics on aquatic biota in agricultural watersheds. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 37, 6:1475-1487.

Stream Corridor Restoration: Principals, Processes, and Practices (10/98). Interagency Stream Restoration Working Group (15 federal agencies)(FISRWG) http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/technical/stream_restoration/scrhimage.htm

Symposium on Influences of Landscape on Stream Habitat and Biological Communities, R. M. Hughes, L. Wang and P. W. Seelbach. 2006. Landscape influences on stream habitats and biological assemblages : proceedings of the Symposium on Influences of Landscape on Stream Habitat and Biological Communities held in Madison, Wisconsin, USA, 25-26 August 2004. ( American Fisheries Society symposium, 0892-2284 ; 48). American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, Md.697.

return to top

Taylor, P. D. L. Fahrig. K. Henein and G. Merriam. 1993. Connectivity is a vital element of landscape structure. Oikos 68, 571-573.

Taylor, P. D., L. Fahrig and K. With. Crooks, K. R. and M. Sanjayan. 2006. Landscape connectivity: A return to basics. Connectivity Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.29-43.

Thorn, W. C. Charles S. Anderson. 1999. A provisional classification of Minnesota rivers with associated fish communities. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Special Publication 153, 1-23.

Tilman, D. J. Knops. D. Wedin, P. Reichh, M. Ritchie and E. Siemann. 1997. The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes. Science 277, 1300-1302.

Tilman, D. D. Wedin. J. Knops. 1996. Productivity and sustainability influenced by biodiversity in grassland ecosystems. Nature 379, 718-720.

Townsend, P. A. K. N. Eshleman. C. Welcker. 2004. Remote sensing of gypsy moth defoliation to assess variations in stream nitrogen concentrations. Ecological Applications 14, 2:504-516.

Tucker, G. Rafael Bras. Hillslope processes, drainage density, and landscape morphology.

return to top

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hydrologic Engineering Center (HEC). 1977. Effects of dam removal: An approach to sedimentation. Technical Paper No. 50.

Udawatta, R. P. Stephen H. Anderson. Clark J. Gantzer and Harold E. Garrett. 2008. Influence of prairie restoration on CT-measured soil pore characteristics. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 1:219-228.

Updegraff, K. Prasanna Gowda. David J. Mulla. 2004. Watershed-scale modeling of the water quality effects of cropland conversion to short-rotation woody crops. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 19, 2:118-127.

return to top

Vach, K. B. Joseph M. Eilers. Mary V. Santelmann. 2002. Water quality modeling of alternative agricultural scenarios in the U.S. corn belt. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 38, 3:773-787.

Vach, K. B. Joseph M. Eilers. Mary V. Santelmann. 2002. Water quality modeling of alternative agricultural scenerios in the U.S. Corn Belt. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 38, 3:773-787.

Van Kirk, R. W. Seth W. Naman. 2008. Relative effects of climate and water use on base-flow trends in the lower Klamath Basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 44, 4:1035-1052.

Vannote, R. L. G. W. Minshall. K. W. Cummins, J. R. Sedall and C. E. Cushing. 1980. The river continuum concept. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37, 130-137.

Vepraskas, M. J. P. V. Caldwell. 2008. Interpreting morphological features in wetland soils with a hydrologic model. Catena 73, 2:153-165.

Vepraskas, M. J. X. He. D. L. Lindbo and R. W. Skaggs. 2004. Calibrating hydric soil field indicators to long-term wetland hydrology. Soil Science Society of America Journal 68, 4:1461-1469.

Verry, E. S. 1986. Forest harvesting and water: The lake states experience. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 22, 6:1039-1047.

Verry, E. S. Jeffrey R. Lewis. Kenneth N. Brooks. 1983. Aspen clearcutting increases snowmelt and storm flow peaks in north central Minnesota. American Water Resources Association 19, 1:59-67.

Vivoni, E. R. K. T. Richards. 2005. Integrated use of GIS-based field sampling and modeling for hydrologic and water quality studies. Journal of Hydroinformatics 7, 4:235-250.

return to top

Walsh, C. J. Kylie A. Waller. Janelle Gehling and Ralph Mac Nally. 2007. Riverine invertebrate assemblages are degraded more by catchment urbanisation than by riparian deforestation. Freshwater Biology 52, 3:574-587.

Walsh, C. J. Allison H. Roy. Jack W. Feminella, Peter D. Cottingham, Peter M. Groffman and Raymond P. Morgan. 2005. The urban stream syndrome: Current knowledge and the search for a cure. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 24, 3:706-723.

Wang, L. Z. T. Brenden. P. Seelbach, A. Cooper, D. Allan, R. Clark and M. Wiley. 2008. Landscape based identification of human disturbance gradients and reference conditions for Michigan streams. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 141, 1-3:1-17.

Wang, L. Liping Fang. Keith W. Hipel. 2008. Basin-wide cooperative water resources allocation. European Journal of Operational Research 190, 3:798-817.

Wang, L. Dale Robertson. Paul Garrison. 2007. Linkages between nutrients and assemblages of macroinvertebrates and fish in wadeable streams: Implication to nutrient criteria development. Environmental Management 39, 2:194-212.

Wang, L. John Lyons. Paul Kanehl. 2006. Habitat and fish responses to multiple agricultural best management practices in a warm water stream. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 42, 4:1047-1062.

Wang, L. Paul Kanehl. 2003. Influences of watershed urbanization and instream habitat on macroinvertebrates in cold water streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 39, 5:1181-1196.

Wang, L. John Lyons. Paul Kanehl. 2002. Effects of watershed best management practices on habitat and fish in Wisconsin streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 38, 3:663-680.

Ward, J. V. J. A. Stanford. 1995. Ecological connectivity in alluvial river ecosystems and its distribution by flow regulation. Regulated Rivers: Research & Management 11, 1:105-119.

Ward, J. V. The four-dimensional nature of lotic ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 8, 1:2-8.

Wardrop, D. H. J. A. Bishop. M. Easterling, K. Hychka, W. Myers, G. P. Patil and C. Taillie. 2005. Use of landscape and land use parameters for classification and characterization of watersheds in the mid-Atlantic across five physiographic provinces. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 12, 2:209-223.

Waters, T.F. 2000. Wildstream: A Natural History of the Free Flowing River. Riparian Press.

Weigel, B. M. Lizhu Wang. Paul W. Rasmussen, Jason T. Butcher, Paul M. Stewart, Thomas P. Simon and Michael J. Wiley. 2003. Relative influence of variables at multiple spatial scales on stream macroinvertebrates in the Northern Lakes and Forest ecoregion, U.S.A. Freshwater Biology 48, 8:1440-1461.

Weins, J. A. 2002. Riverine landscapes: Taking landscape ecology into the water. Freshwater Biology 47, 4:501.

White, M. D. K. A. Greer. 2006. The effects of watershed urbanization on the stream hydrology and riparian vegetation of Los Penasquitos Creek, California. Landscape and Urban Planning 74, 2:125-138.

Wilson, D. J. R. L. Droste. 2000. Design considerations for watershed management decision support systems. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 35, 2:163-188.

Winter, T. C. J. W. Harvey. O. L. Franke and W. M. Alley. 1998. Groundwater and surface water: A single resource. U.S. Geological survey Circular 1139. 79.

With, K. A. Sean J. Cadaret. Cinda Davis. 1999. Movement responses to patch structure in experimental fractal landscapes. Ecology 6:

Wright, J. F. 1995. Development and use of a system for predicting the macroinvertebrate fauna in flowing waters. Australia Ecology 20, 1:181-197.

Wurbs, R. A. and E. D. Sisson. 1999. Comparative evaluation of methods for distributing naturalized streamflows from gage to ungaged sites. Technical Report No. 179. Texas A & M University, Water Resources Institute, College Station.

return to top

Xian, G. M. Crane. 2005. Assessments of urban growth in the Tampa Bay watershed using remote sensing data. Remote Sensing of Environment 97, 2:203-215.

Yagow, G. Bruce Wilson. Puneet Srivastava and Christopher Obropta. 2006. Use of biological indicators in TMDL assessment and implementation. American Society of Agriculture and Biological Engineers 49, 4:1023-1032.

Yokoo, Y. Murugesu Sivapalan. Taikan Oki. 2008. Investigating the roles of climate seasonality and landscape characteristics on mean annual and monthly water balances. Journal of Hydrology 357, 3-4:255-269.

Young, E. O. Russell D. Briggs. 2008. Phosphorus concentrations in soil and subsurface water: A field study among cropland and riparian buffers. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 1:69-78.

return to top

Zampella, R. A. Nicholas A. Procopio. Richard G. Lathrop and Charles L. Dow. 2007. Relationship of land-use/land-cover patterns and surface-water quality in The Mullica River basin. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43, 3:594-604.