Anas platyrhynchos


The mallard is one of the most popular ducks of waterfowl hunters and bird watchers alike. It's commonly seen in wetlands, ponds and lakes in rural areas and cities throughout Minnesota. Male mallards are sometimes called "green heads."


General description: A large puddle duck that's most easily recognized by the male's glossy green head and white neck collar.

Length: About 24 inches long.

Weight: 2 1/2 to 3 pounds.

Color: Mostly brown (females) and gray (males). Males and young birds look like females in the summer.

Sounds: Mallards are very vocal. Hens use a loud, long series of quacks; drakes have a low-pitched "wheat" call.


In Minnesota, mallards mate in late winter or early spring. Nests are built in dense vegetation, and hens lay five to 14 eggs, which take 26 to 30 days to hatch. Newborns are covered with down; they begin to fly 49 to 60 days after they're hatched.


Sedge seeds, grasses, smartweeds, aquatic plants and insects, corn, grains, snails and wild rice.


Foxes, coyotes, skunks, mink and raptors.

Range MapHabitat and range

Lakes, marshes and flooded grain fields. Mallards range more widely than any other duck. They're found throughout the United States and Canada during the breeding season, and migrate to many southern states in the fall. They're also found in Africa and Asia, Europe, Australia, New Zealand and almost everywhere in between.

Population and management

In recent years, the mallard population has grown. In 1999, hunters harvested almost 200,000 mallards in Minnesota. The key to future mallard production is protecting wetlands and prairie grasslands throughout Canada, Minnesota and North and South Dakota.

Fun facts

Mallards swim with their tail held above the water, so when trouble comes, they can spring directly out of the water and into the air.