Raccoon

Procyon lotor

Class: Mammalia

Order: Carnivora

Family: Procyonidae

Raccoon range map

Find out more about raccoons from:


Publications -

Minnesota Conservation Volunteer articles

 

Problem animals -

Living with raccoons

 

Hunting/Trapping information -

Furbearers

 

Raccoon tracks illustration
Raccoon

The raccoon's antics and its appealing face make it a favorite of some and a villain to others--especially to someone whose cornfield has been raided. These excellent climbers and swimmers thrive in almost any environment and eat everything from crayfish to corn--not to mention garbage. Raccoons are most active at night. During the day they can sometimes be spotted sunbathing in trees.

Identification

General description: Raccoons are the size of a small dog and have heavy fur streaked in brown, black, and gray. They have bushy ringed tails and their paws make hand-like prints in the mud or snow. Their black eye stripes resemble a mask.

Length: 30 to 37 inches, and a 9- to 12-inch tail.

Weight: They average between 15 and 23 pounds or more at maturity.

Color: Mostly brown, black ,and gray.

Sounds: Raccoons hiss and growl and screech like an owl.

Reproduction

During the mating season, February to March, the male raccoon travels long distances and mates with many females. After a 63-day gestation period, the female has her litter, which numbers from two to six young. They find shelter in either hollow trees or dens (woodchuck burrows, culverts, under buildings). Once they reach four to six months old, raccoons live on their own.

Food

Sweet corn is a favorite food, though crayfish, frogs, insects, fruits, and bird eggs are staples in its diet.

Predators

Coyotes, foxes, great horned owls, bobcats, and dogs all kill raccoons.

Habitat and range

The raccoon occurs throughout the state, except in the three northeast counties. Their habitat includes prairies, woodlands and cities.

Population and management

The DNR estimates that 800,000 to one million raccoons live throughout the state. Each year Minnesota hunters harvest 100,000 to 150,000 raccoons and trappers take another 75,000 to 100,000.

Fun facts

A raccoon is a powerful fighter that can kill an attacking dog twice its weight.

Raccoons remain in partial hibernation during most of the winter. The animals often den together in small groups. One woman found 23 raccoons sharing an abandoned house in Swift County. Some raccoons may winter in wood duck boxes if the entrance hole is large enough to squeeze through.