FEMA Floodplain Maps - Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs)
What is a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM)? It is the official map of a community on which FEMA has delineated the special flood hazard areas, i.e., the floodplain areas where flood insurance is required for loans and where communities will administer floodplain regulations. (Note: Communities may regulate additional flood prone areas that are not on the FIRM).
What is a FIRMette? An official copy of a portion of the FIRM as an 8-1/2 x 11 or 11 x 17 page.
Why would I need to use a FIRM?
- Private citizens and insurance brokers use the FIRM to locate properties and buildings in flood insurance risk areas.
- Community officials use the FIRM to administer floodplain management regulations and to mitigate flood damage.
- Lending institutions and federal agencies use the FIRM to locate properties and buildings in relation to mapped flood hazards, and to determine whether flood insurance is required when making loans or providing grants following a disaster for the purchase or construction of a building.
How Do I View a FIRM?
- Visit FEMA Map Service Center
- View FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs), Flood Insurance Studies (FIS) and Floodway Flood Boundary maps
- Do tutorial on how to view FEMA maps and print "FIRMettes"
- Print a "FIRMette"
- Visit the county/city website. Some counties and cities have done a tremendous job of making the FEMA floodplain information available in a map format, sometimes overlaid on ownership parcels or aerial photos.
- List of Minnesota counties / cities with FEMA map information online (under construction).
- Go to your county contacts/city zoning office
- Go to DNR Waters Area or Regional Office or Central Office (500 Lafayette Road, St. Paul 651-259-5700)
- DNR Waters has PDFs and GIS files available online for counties that have been through FEMA's Map Modernization program. See the counties with data currently available at ftp://ftp.dnr.state.mn.us/pub/waters/floodplain/County_data
NOTE: The maps in some counties are the current effective maps, but the maps are PRELIMINARY for counties that are currently going through the map update process.
- Order from FEMA Map Service Center (1-800-336-2527 or 1-800-FEMA MAP) There is a fee and it usually takes a couple weeks for the maps to arrive through the mail. (Fee is waived for communities ordering maps for the areas where they administer floodplain regulations.)
NOTE: As of 10/1/2009, paper copies of maps are no longer available from the FEMA Map Service Center, only digital products.
Instructions on How to View online FEMA Floodplain Maps and Print FIRMettes
- Go to FEMA "How to Read a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) Tutorial"
- Go to FEMA FIRMette Tutorial
- Instructions for: Viewing FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs), Floodway Maps (FBFM), & Flood Insurance Studies (FIS); and Printing "FIRMettes" on FEMA Web Site (text only) (1/15/04 rev)
- How to Make a FIRMette Using MapSearch (modified FEMA brochure with graphics) (3/04 rev)
How Can I Change or Correct a FIRM? FEMA has established administrative procedures for changing effective FIRMs based on new or revised scientific or technical data.
- Learn more about the process for changing a FIRM.
- Forms needed to request changes to FIRM
- MT-EZ Form - Use for Single Lot LOMA (Letter of Map Amendment; NO FILL involved
- MT-1 Forms - Use for: (1) Multi-Lot LOMAs, & (2) LOMR-F (Letters of Map Revision based on FILL)
- MT-2 Forms - Use for changes to FIRMs based on better data (i.e., updated hydrology or topography) or changes to the BFE or floodway (i.e., due to projects like bridges/culverts, flood control levees, etc.)
- FEMA LOMA / LOMR-F Tutorial Series - You can learn more about LOMAs and LOMR-Fs, and can even fill out and print the forms on-line!
Updates to FIRMs - FEMA's National "Map Modernization" Project Congress has authorized $1 billion ($200 million for 5 years) to convert the FEMA floodplain maps (FIRMs) to county-wide, digitally based maps.