In the eastern part of the area two important MCAs for gold and VMS mineralization correlate very well with high pebble counts for quartzite, metasediments and felsic volcanics. There are also favorable lithologies; iron formation, metasediments, mafic and felsic volcanics with fault contacts. MCAs form distinctive southwest trending boulder trains from the Rainy Lobe glaciation. In the central part of the area MCAs also correlate very well with favorable lithologic units and structural features. In most of this area the glacial Koochiching Lobe from the northwest covers the Rainy Lobe and there is less distinctive development of boulder trains. In the western part of the area there are strong analytical anomalies, with less explicit coincidence with structural features and bedrock lithology. In the western Koochiching Lobe glacial deposits there is some development of boulder trains, but they are not as well defined as they are to the east.
The location of the source of mineralized samples is indicated by: 1. Development of mineralized-altered boulder dispersal trains. 2. The amount of mineralized rock at the sample site which decreases with distal dispersion and denudation. and 3. Study of megascopically determined lithology frequency distribution for randomly collected samples of 100 pebbles from each site. The pebble lithologies are grouped to match lithologic units so that they can be compared with mapped bedrock lithology (Morey 1996). Irrespective of the nature of glacial cover, i.e. Rainy Lobe in the East or Koochiching Lobe in the central and western parts of the area, there is good correlation found between the pebble frequency distributions and bedrock geology. This indicates that although there has been increased dispersion and denudation in the western one-third of the study area mineralized rock samples are still relatively close to their bedrock source. In the far west irregular frequency distribution of carbonate pebbles from the Koochiching lobe suggests reworking of a local as yet unmapped source.
Report 318: Report 318: 1997; Mineral Potential Study, Greenstone Belt Boulder Tracing, Twp. 60-65N R11-27W Ely Bigfork Area
(71 pages, 8.5 x 11 inches, 6.01 MB)
Authors: T. Lawler and D. Riihiluoma
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