General wildlife control techniques
When wildlife damage is a recurring problem, a landowner, property manager or occupant may want to consider altering their property to discourage its attractiveness to wildlife. Some animals, geese for instance, can be deterred by certain landscaping configurations. Gardens often attract rabbits, groundhogs, and deer, so the landowner may want to consider constructing a fence. Fences are a long-term and relatively inexpensive solution. Many people choose to use non-toxic chemical repellants. While these are effective in many cases, repellents are temporary, require frequent reapplication and are often expensive.
In many cases, people will encounter a particularly troublesome animal: a skunk under the porch or an aggressive groundhog. In cases like these, the most effective method of control may be the removal of the animal. The most common method of removal involves destroying or relocating the animal. It is important to note that permission from the landowner is required to release an animal on any property - public or private. Learn more about taking a nuisance animal.
While most government agencies lack the funding to respond to every nuisance animal problem, some animal control agencies and local police departments will provide assistance. Depending on the method used to control wildlife damage, these local agencies should be consulted for advice and local restrictions. Farmers should contact their area wildlife manager because other solutions may be necessary. Problems with cormorants will require consultation with US Fish and Wildlife Service.