Collecting seed for conifer tree establishment

Before collecting seeds, contact your area forestry office for a list of tree species and quantities accepted and the dates and times when seeds will be purchased. Refer to the seed zone map for more information.


By collecting, storing, and delivering large quantities of high–quality seed, you contribute to the success of regenerating our conifer resource.

Species

Crop freq.

Time to collect cones

Cone ripeness

Bearing aAge (minimum yrs)

Range of pds/seed/

bushel

of cones

Average

seeds/

pound

Average seeds/oz.

Production

cycle

Flowering

Dates

Tamarack pdf

3–4 years

Aug. 5–10

Tan

20–40 years

0.25–0.75

280,000

17,500

1 year April– May

Balsam fir pdf

2–3 years

Aug. 5–10

Purple–Brown

15–20 years

2.0–2.5

60,000

3,750

1 year May

White spruce pdf

2–6 years

Aug. 20

Tan

20–25 years

0.4–1.2

180,000

11,250

1 year May

White pine pdf

3–10

years

Sept. 1

Reddish– Purple

5–10 years

0.6–1.0

22,000

1,375

2 years May–June

White cedar pdf

2–3

years

Sept. 1

Tan

20–30 years

1.0

320,000

20,000

1 year April–May

Jack pine pdf

3–4 years

Sept. 5

Tan

3–15 years

0.4–0.8

110,000

6,875

2 years April–May

Red pine pdf

3–7

years

Sept. 15

Purple

20–25 years

0.5–0.8

50,000

3,125

2 years May–June

Black spruce pdf

4–5

years

Sept. 15

Purple

30–40 years

0.25–0.75

380,000

27,375

1 year May–June

Red cedar pdf

2–3 years

Sept. 15

Blue

10 years

7.0–9.0

40,000

2,500

1 year April–May