You'll find this voracious predator in nearly every Minnesota lake and stream. It's one of the easiest fish to catch because it so willingly bites lures or bait.
And – big or small – they're one of Minnesota's most fun fish to catch.
But the comparatively small fish often landed – what experienced anglers call hammer-handles – cause problems in much of Minnesota, especially in the north area.
Too many of these fish, generally less than 22 inches long, in a lake can reduce perch numbers to unhealthy levels, tip the balance toward smaller panfish and reduce the effectiveness of walleye stocking.
Because pike populations differ in various regions of the state there isn't just one issue – or one solution.
In the northeast, pike are present in relatively low numbers and at relatively large sizes. They reproduce naturally. Although they grow slowly, they can grow quite large because relatively few anglers scatter limited fishing pressure across a large number of lakes.
In southern Minnesota, pike are less abundant and don't reproduce as well as in the north. Southern Minnesota has high fishing pressure and a high harvest rate relative to the number of pike; however, these fish grow fast.
The north central area is plagued by too many small pike. There is moderate to high fishing pressure and high harvest of large and medium size pike. Pike grow slowly here, and an over-abundance of small pike is the result.
One size doesn't fit all
When new regulations take effect in spring 2018, the majority of the state will be in the north-central zone, where the issue is overpopulation of small pike. The objectives are to allow more harvest of abundant small pike and shift population size structure to more medium-sized pike.
The north-central regulation zone will start on a line stretching roughly from Hastings to just south of the Twin Cities and over to Ortonville; and in the north from Duluth along U.S. Highway 53 until it reaches International Falls.
In the north-central zone, anglers will be able to keep 10 northern pike, but not more than two pike longer than 26 inches; and all from 22 to 26 inches must be released. Northern pike taken by spearing follow the same rules except one pike may be between 22 and 26 inches or two larger than 26 inches.
The approach here is meant to maintain harvest opportunity and protect large fish already present.
In the northeast zone, anglers will be able to keep two pike. All from 30 to 40 inches will require release and only one over 40 inches is allowed in possession. Spearers will also be able to take two pike but only one may be larger than 26 inches.
The approach here is meant to increase pike abundance and improve the size of fish harvested.
In the southern zone, anglers and spearers will be able to keep two fish, with a minimum size of 24 inches.
Lakes with special or experimental regulations will remain in place until the special regulation has been evaluated and a decision made through a public process to continue the special regulation, modify it or convert to the zone regulation.
The new zone regulations will not apply to border waters with neighboring states or provinces.