General ice thickness guidelines

ice thickness guidelines

The DNR does not measure ice thickness on Minnesota lakes. Your safety is your responsibility. Learn about the different ways to check ice thickness before heading out.

Temperature, snow cover, currents, springs and rough fish all affect the relative safety of ice. Ice is seldom the same thickness over a single body of water; it can be two feet thick in one place and one inch thick a few yards away.

Ice thickness guidelines for new, clear ice only.

UNDER 4"Stay off
4"Ice fishing or other activities on foot
5" - 7"Snowmobile or small ATV
7” – 8”Side-by-side ATV
9” – 10”Small car or SUV
11” -12”Medium SUV or small truck
13”Medium truck
16” -17”Heavy-duty truck
20”+Heavy-duty truck with wheelhouse shelter

Our recommendations are based on average equipment weight and assume solid, clear ice. You are responsible for knowing the weight of your vehicle, equipment, and bodies.

Many factors other than thickness affect ice strength, including air temperature, wind, snow, streams, narrow areas or bottlenecks, sun, shade, fish communities, plant decay, and more. When a layer of snow melts and refreezes on top of lake ice, it creates white ice, only about half as strong as new, clear ice. Double the above thickness guidelines when traveling on white ice.

Learn more about white ice and other common factors that can cause ice to be unsafe.

Learn more about how to check ice thickness.

Frozen lakes are not parking lots

several cars fallen through ice.

Cars, pickups or SUVs should be parked at least 50 feet apart and moved every two hours to prevent sinking. Stationary loads (longer than two hours) require thicker ice than the standard guidelines. See the table below for stationary loads of more than two hours but less than seven days.

Parking near shore may seem like an okay option when there is no space to park on land, but that is not always the case. If you park along a shoreline near a launch, there is a good chance that others will do the same and that they may park too close to you. If the ice is not thick enough to drive on and park away from the shoreline, then you should not park on it at all.

Tip: Make a hole next to the car. If water starts to overflow the top of the hole, the ice is sinking and it’s time to move the vehicle.

Minimum ice thickness for stationary/parked loads up to 11,000 lbs*



Minimum Effective Thickness (inches)

Person standing


Snowmobiles (maximum weight machine + rider <1,100 lbs)


Loaded vehicle >1,100 lbs but <2,200 lbs


Loaded vehicle >2,200 lbs but <4,400 lbs


Vehicle >4,400lbs but <6,600 lbs


¾ ton 4x4 vehicles (maximum GVW of 11,000 lbs)


*The stationary load recommendations are from a publication by the government of Alberta, Occupational Health and Safety. Best Practice for Building and Working Safely on Ice Covers in Alberta, Jan. 2013.

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