Rhynchospora fusca (L.) Ait. f.
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Schoenus fuscus, Rhynchospora alba var. fusca
Basis for Former Listing
Rhynchospora fusca occurs in the Atlantic Coastal Plain region of northeastern North America, and less commonly in the Great Lakes region. The species also occurs in Europe. Rhynchospora fusca was first discovered in Minnesota in 1950 and initially believed to be restricted to water tracks in large, patterned peatland complexes. Although such peatlands likely contain some of the largest populations, the species has since been found in a variety of fen habitats including rich fens, poor fens, and shore fens. Less commonly, it has also been documented from sandy-gravel lakeshores. Populations range from a few individuals to 1,000's of plants.
Basis for Delisting
The additional populations found through targeted rare plant surveys have added to the understanding and knowledge of the range and distribution of R. fusca. It is now known to be more common and widespread than once believed to be. Special concern status is no longer necessary, and Rhynchospora fusca was delisted in 2013.
References and Additional Information
Crow, G. E., and C. B. Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America. Volume 2. Angiosperms: Monocotyledons. University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, Wisconsin. 400 pp.
Kral, R. 2002. Rhynchospora. Pages 200-239 in Flora of North America Editorial Committee, editors. Flora of North America north of Mexico. Volume 23. Oxford University Press, New York, New York.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2003. Field guide to the native plant communities of Minnesota: the Laurentian mixed forest province. Ecological Land Classification Program, Minnesota County Biological Survey, and Natural Heritage and Nongame Research Program. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, Minnesota. 352 pp.
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2012. Statement of need and reasonableness. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. Division of Ecological and Water Resources. St. Paul, Minnesota. 337 pp.
Voss, E. G. 1972. Michigan Flora: Part I Gymnosperms and Monocots. Cranbrook Institute of Science Book 55, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. 488 pp.