Animals native to Minnesota

Includes amphibians, birds, fish, insects, mammals, mussels, reptiles, snails, spiders. All species and populations are approximations.


Mammal: 78

Amphibian: 22

Reptile: 31

Bird: 444

Bird year-round residents: 56

Invertebrate: 20,000

Listed as federally endangered and threatened: 13

Listed as state endangered and threatened: 84

Listed as state special concern: 125

Nongame: 800+ species


The largest gray wolf and bald eagle populations in the lower 48 states.

Largest waterfowl: Trumpeter swan

Bald eagles: 1,312+ pairs

Common loons: 12,000

Gray wolf: 2,900+

White-tailed deer: 1.5 million

Trumpeter swan: 3,000+

Black bear: 20,000-30,000

Moose: 2,760

Peregrine falcon: 52 known breeding pairs

(Updated 2019)

Back to top