Animals native to Minnesota

Minnesota has the largest wolf and bald eagle populations in the lower 48 states.

Mammal species in Minnesota: 78

Amphibian species in Minnesota: 22

Reptile species in Minnesota: 31

Bird species in Minnesota: 428

Bird species that are year-round residents: 44

Minnesota plants and animals listed as Federally Endangered and Threatened: 9

Minnesota plants and animals listed as State Endangered and Threatened: 197

Minnesota plants and animals listed as State Special Concern: 242

Largest waterfowl: Trumpeter swan

First birds back in the spring:

  • American kestrel
  • Bluebird
  • Eastern phoebe
  • Horned lark (January)
  • Red-winged blackbird
  • Robin

Bald eagles: 1,312+ pairs

Common loons: 12,000

Timber wolves: 2,900+

White-tailed deer: 1.5 million

Trumpeter swans: 3,000+

Black bears: 20,000-30,000

Moose: 2,760

Nongame species: 800+ species

Peregrine falcons: 52 known breeding pairs

Minnesota vertebrate and bird biodiversity statistics 

(Updated 2013)