Under Minnesota law, aquatic plants growing in public waters are the property of the state. Because of their value to the lake ecosystem, they may not be destroyed or transplanted unless authorized by the Commissioner of the Department of Natural Resources as stipulated in the Aquatic Plant Management Rules. A "public water" is generally any body of water 2.5 acres or larger within an incorporated city limit, or 10 acres or larger in rural areas. If you are unsure whether a particular lake is public, please contact your local Aquatic Plant Management Permitting Staff .
Activities NOT allowed:
- Excavating the lake bottom for aquatic plant control
- Use of hydraulic jets
- Destroying or preventing the growth of aquatic plants by using lake bottom barriers.
- Removing aquatic vegetation within posted fish-spawning areas.
- Removing aquatic plants from an undeveloped shoreline.
- Removing aquatic plants where they do not interfere with swimming, boating, or other recreation.
Control methods which MUST HAVE a permit
- Destruction of any emergent vegetation (for example, cattails and bulrushes).
- Cutting or pulling by hand, or by mechanical means, submerged vegetation in an area larger than 2,500 square feet.
- Applying herbicides or algaecides.
- Moving or removing a bog of any size that is free-floating or lodged in any area other than its place of origin in public waters.
- Transplanting aquatic plants into public waters.
- Use of automated aquatic plant control devices (such as the Crary WeedRoller).
- Physical removal of floating-leaf vegetation from an area larger than a channel 15 feet wide extending to open water.
When a permit is NOT needed
If you are a lakeshore property owner who wants to create or maintain a swimming or boat-docking area, you may cut or pull submerged vegetation, such as Elodea, without a DNR permit under certain conditions:
- First, the area to be cleared must be no larger than 2,500 square feet.
- Second, the cleared area must not extend more than 50 feet along the shoreline or one-half the length of your shoreline, whichever is less.
The 2,500 square foot area may also include a boat channel up to 15 feet wide, and as long as necessary to reach open water (the boat channel is in addition to the 2,500 square feet allowed). The cutting or pulling may be done by hand or with hand-operated or powered equipment that does not significantly alter the course, current, or cross-section of the lake bottom. Such control cannot be done with draglines, bulldozers, hydraulic jets, suction dredges, automated aquatic plant control devices, or other powered earth-moving equipment. After you have cut or pulled aquatic plants, you must dispose of them on land to prevent them from drifting onto your neighbor's property or washing back into the lake.
In floating-leaf vegetation a lake shore property owner may maintain a channel 15 foot wide extending to open water by mechanical means without a permit. Any other destruction of floating-leaf vegetation requires a permit. If you have questions on control activities that do not require a permit, please contact your local aquatic plant specialist .
If you plan to dispose of the aquatic vegetation someplace other than on your property you will need to download the aquatic plant transport authorization form. This form allows you to transport the aquatic vegetation to a suitable location for disposal.
A DNR permit is not needed to gather aquatic plants for personal use (except for wild rice) or for constructing a shooting or observation blind.
Apply for a permit online
Fees for aquatic plant management permit depend upon the kind of control that you are doing, but generally will run about $35.
Fee Information: The aquatic plant management fee information in the table below is provided for your reference. Maximum permit fees apply when multiple applicants are applying for a permit on a single application. Do not send payment with your application. You will receive an invoice from the DNR once staff have received and confirmed that you require a permit, and determined the appropriate fee. If you apply for two or more treatment types ONLY THE LARGEST FEE WILL APPLY.
Maximum fee per permit
Rooted Aquatic Vegetation
Snails, Leeches, Chara, Filamentous Algae Control
$4.00 /every 100 feet of shoreline
Lakewide Algae Control
$20.00 + $0.40/Acre
Offshore Harvest of Submersed Plants
$35.00 for 1st Acre + $2.00 each additional Acre
$17.50 for 1st Acre + $1.00 each additional Acre
The DNR does not grant permits automatically. Site inspections are required for first time permits. Applications may be denied or modified. To ensure that plant control is done correctly and with proper care for the environment, take these three steps:
- If herbicides are permitted carefully read the product label and follow all instructions.
- Notify the DNR before control operations begin, as specified on the permit.
- Post signs that identify the area that will be treated with an herbicide. These signs are included with the permit. There may be water use restrictions required on the product label for swimming, fish consumption, irrigation, or household use until the herbicide is broken down or has been diluted to safe levels. You will be asked to report the actual size of the controlled area and the amount of chemical used. This will help the DNR monitor statewide use of aquatic herbicides in public waters.
If you are inexperienced or uncomfortable applying herbicides, you may want to hire a licensed pesticide applicator. These applicators will frequently help you obtain a permit as part of their services. There are also companies that will mechanically harvest aquatic plants for hire.
Mechanical control company contacts are updated annually. Don’t see the new version? Right click on the link and “Save link as” to download onto your computer. Once downloaded, open the PDF to see the updated version.
Applications for a permit online
- Paper applications for aquatic plant management permit are available on request from Aquatic Plant Management Permitting Staff .
Application to Collect and/or Transplant Aquatic Vegetation
Costs, liability, and other information
In addition to administering permits, the DNR evaluates plant-control methods and provides guidance to lake associations. The agency does not endorse specific herbicides, products, or companies. Nor does the DNR arbitrate the results of control work. Liability for damage resulting from control work rests with the permittee (person receiving the permit) or his or her agent. Costs of aquatic plant-control projects are paid by the property owners who benefit from the control. An exception is the control of exotic plants such as Eurasian watermilfoil, where state funding may be available. In addition, Minnesota Statutes, Section 103G.621 authorizes cities and towns to levy taxes for the control of aquatic plants.