Minnesota fishes susceptible to VHSV

The list below is a convenient tool for identifying fishes of Minnesota waters that require VHSV testing but is not exhaustive. Certain species that are not endemic to Minnesota may not be listed but are available from the American Fisheries Society list linked below.

Additionally, the list is not conclusive. Many species likely are susceptible to infection with VHSV but have not been tested or identified in natural infections.

Additional species are included that have not been tested for VHSV-susceptibility but still require surveillance due to their common use for bait. These additional species are denoted by an asterisk (*) in the list below.

Abbreviated susceptible species list

Common nameScientific name
Atlantic SalmonSalmo salar
Black CrappiePomoxis nigromaculatus
BluegillLepomis macrochirus
Bluntnose MinnowPimephales notatus
Brown BullheadAmeiurus nebulosis
Brown TroutSalmo trutta
Coho salmonOncorhynchus kisutch
Chinook SalmonOncorhynchus tshawytscha
Emerald ShinerNotropis atherinoides
Fathead MinnowPimephales promelas
Freshwater DrumAplodinotus grunniens
Gizzard ShadDorosoma cepedianum
*Cisco/Tullibee/Herring*Coregonus sp
Lake TroutSalvelinus namaycush
*Whitefish*Coregonus sp
Largemouth BassMicropterus salmoides
MuskellungeEsox masquinongy
Northern PikeEsox lucius
PumpkinseedLepomis gibbosus
Rainbow TroutOncorhynchus mykiss
Rock BassAmbloplites rupestris
Round GobyNeogobius melanostomus
Smallmouth BassMicropterus dolomieu
*Smelts*Osmerus, Spirinchus, Hypomesus & Allosmerus sp
Spottail ShinerNotropis hudsonius
SteelheadOncorhynchus mykiss
Threespine SticklebackGasterosteus aculeatus
WalleyeSander vitreus
White BassMorone chrysops
White PerchMorone americana
Yellow PerchPerca flavescens

The list above is an abbreviated list of freshwater fishes determined to be susceptible to infection with the viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus or requiring special testing for VHSV. It contains fish known to live in Minnesota waters and is adapted from the American Fisheries Society Fish Health Section Blue Book.

As of 2020, more than 100 species of freshwater and marine fish had been reported to be susceptible to VHSV infection in either natural infections or experimental infection trials. Susceptibility is based on conclusive scientific evidence of susceptibility as defined by the World Organization for Animal Health.

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