Minnesota is home to 53 native tree species.
The first step in identifying a tree is determining whether it is coniferous or deciduous. Coniferous trees have needles and seeds in cones. Deciduous trees have leaves and covered seeds. Deciduous trees drop their leaves in the fall while coniferous trees keep their needles year-round, except for tamarack which drops its needles in the fall.
To distinguish different species of trees, you need to examine the tree’s form, bark, leaf or needle, and fruit.
- American mountain ash
- American basswood
- Black walnut
- Box elder
- Blue beech
- Kentucky coffeetree
- Red mulberry
- Showy mountain-ash (Northern mountain-ash)
To learn more about Minnesota's native trees, check out the following:
- Beginner's Guide to Minnesota Trees- steps in how to identify trees.
- Minnesota Trees
- Recommended Trees for Minnesota by Region